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How can i assign a domain Name to a local IP address?

What I am trying to do is network all of my computers in an intranet and I don't want to have to use an ip adress to access one computer from another in my intranet on a web browser.
By domain Name I mean like how Google has Google.com even though they have a different ip address.

Let me clarify what i want to do.
I want to be able to access any computer from another through a local intranet "web" adress like "Http://Computer1.com
This is for several reasons but one main reason is that i am planning on connecting a router to my intranet to allow my ipod to access my computers but the ipod doesnt use backslashes so i couldn't enter \\192.168.1......  or \\Computer1. I would have to enter  something like Http://Computer1, hence why i want to do this.

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Smo0thKilla3 years ago
I don't know How it works though
But, If you install Connectify and fling a file for the first time, it will set up a local domain. the domain name is the same as your pc's name. So if it's "\\ROCK\" now you can access it on http://rock/.
But remember connectify doesn't share files on port 80 or the ssl port 443. It uses some random port like 2987. This can be an advantage for you if you want to Use some Apache package like WAMP or Xampp.
If you want more help Mail me @ evilinfinite7@outlook.com

You're Welcome! :)
Vyger6 years ago
A domain is usually run by a domain server, its not something intended for small local networks. You can give your own network a name and have all your machines on it, that is easy, depending on the OS your using. (Something like "BobsShop") But with a domain each workstation logs on to the domain with the permission of the domain server. The server also set the security level and permissions that each registered user is assigned. So a domain is not what you are looking for. Also Windows XP home will not work on a domain, you need to have the pro version. I am not sure about Windows 7, anyway, that's another topic.
What you can do is create network drives that all the computers have access to as soon as they log onto the network. Network drives usually reconnect as soon as a network is restarted. Putting things like music files on a shared network drive would make them available to everyone with permission. You can even create a shortcut to the drive on your desktop. That way you are using the file explorer to brows the other computers and you don't need any kind of browser. You also don't need the IP's of any of the computers because the network drive software figures all that out for you.
kelseymh6 years ago
As long as you keep the addresses in house, all you need to do is to configure each machine to get a static IP address in the (usually!) 192.168.1.* subnet from your router. Make sure each one has a different address (usually in the .2 through .126 range).

On each machine, you configure it with the hostname you want to reveal to the network (in /etc/hosts on a real operating system, or in whatever file Windoze uses), mapping the previously chosen static address to that name (along with the usual "127.0.0.1 localhost").

Your router itself will act as a DNS server, and make all of your machines' names visible to the others. Your router and machines should already be configured that way (so that the router can cache external hostname/IP mappings to reduce bandwidth).
+1.

Each machine name is set when windows is set up by default; nowadays its 'name of machine plus some random number' like Home-13115236.

It can be changed in computer properties in Windows, and from another machine on the network, that name = the ip address of the machine you want. Requires reboot to change.
NachoMahma6 years ago
.  If you only have two or three machines and don't plan on changing the names very often, I'd go with orksecurity's HOSTS file suggestion. Goggle "Windows HOSTS file" for more info.
.  If you have more machines or think you might change names frequently, I'd go with steveastrouk's suggestion of a local DNS. Once again, Google will help you find more info.
.  YMMV
orksecurity6 years ago
Or you can edit each machine's HOSTS file to set up local mappings from name to address.
That's why you need to run a DNS server somewhere in your intranet.