How do you determine the length of an antenna and the size of a fractal antenna?
In an instructable, the formula for calculating antenna length was given as "length in meters =300 / frequency in MHz". The example given was for a Bluetooth antenna with a frequency of 2450MHz. The antenna length was calculated as 300/2450 = 0.1225m = 12cm. The author then divided it by 4 to make a "quarter wave" antenna length of 30mm. Why divide it by 4 and what is the benefit of a "quarter wave" antenna. What is the effect of the conductor leading to the antenna? If the 30mm antenna is soldered to a 4mm lead, does that result in a 34mm antenna? For a fractal antenna, should the 30mm length of wire be folded into a fractal shape or should the total fractal antenna be 30mm in width? I have read somewhere that one of the benefits of a fractal antenna is that they are able to receive signals of different wave lengths.