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The answer is very simple...
A 1-farad (1,000 mF or 1,000,000uF) capacitor can store one coulomb (coo-lomb) of charge at 1 volt. A coulomb is 6.25e18 (6.25 * 10^18, or 6.25 billion billion) electrons. One amp (1,000 mA) represents a rate of electron flow of 1 coulomb of electrons per second, so a 1-farad capacitor can hold 1 amp-second of electrons at 1 volt.
So yes. you need very very high capacity if you want to replace a battery, search for Supercapacitors.
But you will also need a voltage regulator.
I think what the questioner is really asking here, (and this is something I have pondered myself). Not: does mAh have an equivalent value in farads, which, if I dare be so bold to venture, I would say yes, I think an estimate could be calculated. Surely, mAh represents the total amount of power in any given battery, (or cell). Isn't the Farad scale a similar kind of measure? Cannot both be converted into Joules, and then a direct comparison made, or am I missing something more fundamental?
Laughing out loud, basically what you need is a completely separate circuit that would include voltage regulation, and the required energy storage... simply said, if you need a specific voltage and draw, and you need it to last for a specific time length (i.e. 3.7v 2000mAh), you would have to design a special circuit. A capacitor will not function as a direct replacement for a battery because the voltage changes too much from empty to full (i.e. 0v-2.4v 10F).
thx for the help
If I need a 20AH at 36 Volts, how large capasitor do I need to replace?
I need to be more precise:
* theoretical battery of 1000mAh and 1,2V: at the beginning has 1,2V at output, and keeps that 1,2V at output for as long as you do not reach 1000mAh (for instance discharging it with 1000mA in 1 hour, or 1mA in 1000 hours). After that it immediately dies and the output is 0V.
* theoretical condenser starts with 2V and immediately after the current starts to flow out the voltage drops linearly and reaches 0V after whole charge had been drained.
In practice: the battery is not ideal, the voltage starts at 1,4V or similiar, drops a bit during lifetime of the battery, also the circuit is never ideal and usually how many mA it drains depends on input voltage. Also the number of mAh the battery has depends on the current drained out. Usually batteries have more mAh when you drain small current and less mAh when you drain higher current .... up to some point when tendency reverses and with very small currents the mAh of the battery will be lower than rated.
So the real question is: how large capacitor do I need so that my circuit works the same time as it would when having 1000mAh battery? This makes perfectly sense and my equation gives quite good approximation for small currents.
The 0,2777 coefficient is taken directly from the capacitor's current to voltage ratio:
C=Q/V. See the 'capacitor' in Wikipedia - all equations are there.
Remember: V drops with time (condenser discharges)
In electronics there is nothing like ideal theoretical circuit and some shortcuts in thinking are perfectly justifieble and ...
...long story short: the above question makes sense.
There are many theoretically oriented people who want to be more exact than necessary. The person asking wants simply to replace the battery with charged capacitor. The answer is:
so: if you have 1,2V battery with 0,27mAh capacity, than you can replace it with the capacitor of 1F charged to let's say 2V. Your circuit should cope with it. After consuming 0,27mAh from the capacitor it will get discharged down to 1V which should be also ok for your circuit.
* check the minimum and maximum voltage for your circuit. Take the difference between those two,
* multiply it by 0,2777 per each needed mAh
and you will get needed capacity in F.
And remember to start with fully charged capacitor up to the maximum possible voltage.
It would be nice to know how you calculated the 0.2777 constant. :)
sorry one correction:
*check the minimum and maximum voltage, take the difference
* divde 0,277 (not multiply) by the min/max voltage difference
you will get number of F.
Hi,I'm trying to replace a 2.4v 500mah nicd battery with an equivalent or higher energy dense capacitor. What rating of voltage and capacitance in farad do it need? Thanks
How many kilderkins in a MeV?
So why complicate everything so much. Just get a Capacitor of said Fards conected to a synchronous boost converter pull needed voltage from device and see how long it lasts.
if you use a resister to lower the voltage out of the capacitor will it have a higher f or amp hour?
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Posted:Mar 18, 2011
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