Steppers and EMF.?
I have build this Bi-Polar stepper circuit and it works great on the bread board. I etch a board 3 times, 2 with heat transfer and 1 with photo resist. I use 2 completely separate power supplies but with the PCB's i think i am experiencing EMF or feed back. I am using an adjustable schmidt trigger for the clock. What happens is i can hardly get any rpm's, sometimes if the trigger is set just wright it will turn up fairly well, at that time if i try full step the stepper stops turning or will reverse sometimes, if i try ccw it may or may nor reverse and i may stay in what ever direction and any given time . Now at a slow rpm full step normally work's and cw/ccw may or may not work, also it can trigger the half or full step. Also i can disconnect one coil and the stepper will continue to turn, If i try that with the other coil the stepper will stop. So it looks like it is only running on one coil. Is that possible? Keep in mind i have bread boarded it and work's fine. Its just on the 3 pcb's that all this happens. As for the diodes it seams to work better with 1N4001's than 1N4148's I have checked every trace with an DMM and made sure they are going to the correct pins ect. I have tried different IC's L297 and L298 and steppers 2 different kinds and multiples of each. So i am thinking this is EMF, feedback, or a design problem. I have tried to eliminate most every thing i can think of. Comments?