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What is and what does a transistor do?

The wiki article didnt help at all.

UziMonkey8 years ago
There are several types of transistors, but the most commonly referred to is the Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT). A BJT is a semiconductor device with 3 pins: base, emitter and collector. In a very simplified view, the resistance across the emitter and collector pins is proportional to the voltage applied across the base and emitter. The more voltage applied to the base pin, the lower the resistance across the other two pins. The relationship is often exponential as well, a small change in voltage on the base pin creates a large change in resistance across the other two pins. A transistor can be used as a switch. When a certain condition occurs (such as enough light shining on a photo-resistor) and another devices causes the voltage on the base pin to go high, the transistor is said to be "on," meaning it has a low resistance and will conduct readily. When the voltage on the base pin goes low enough, the transistor is said to be "off," meaning the resistance is high enough you can think of it as an open switch. Though, since transistors create large changes in resistance for small changes in voltage, they're more often used as amplifiers. A small signal is applied to the base pin of a transistor. This small signal creates large changes in resistance between the other two pins, which creates an amplified version of the same signal. You've probably heard of "transistor radios." The transistors here were used to amplify the signals from the antenna, which are extremely weak. They're also used in the de-modulation of the radio signal, and again to amplify the resulting radio signal. Modern devices use another type of transistor called a Field Effect Transistor (FET). FETs are similar, but are constructed in a completely different way.
PKTraceur (author)  UziMonkey8 years ago
Alright, your best answer. However, can you simplify Though, since transistors create large changes in resistance for small changes in voltage, they're more often used as amplifiers. A small signal is applied to the base pin of a transistor. This small signal creates large changes in resistance between the other two pins, which creates an amplified version of the same signal. You've probably heard of "transistor radios." The transistors here were used to amplify the signals from the antenna, which are extremely weak. They're also used in the de-modulation of the radio signal, and again to amplify the resulting radio signal. and how can you apply voltage to only one pin? Or is it Base and Collecter to _______ the emitter? (Fill in the blank please.)
achraf525 years ago
Just I want to mark that they're most used a switch devices as the computer you are using right now is switching millions of switches to create a thing .
110100101108 years ago
electronic switch or amplifier it is used to switch on and off other components in the circuit deending on a remote and weak signal it can be used to amplify signals transistors together with other components can make blocks with more complex functionality. like logic circuits or inverters whole circuits which include transistors can be made as a chip