Water purifiation for flood victims

Hi, I am a flood relief volunteer based in India. During flood, many children get seriously sick due to consumption of contaminated water. The flood water is contaminated with suspended particles,rotting organic matter& pathogens( specially E-coli) . These people do not have access to electricity,sanitation & medical relief.
I am working on small, cheap & effective water filters that can be made/assembled at the site. If someone can suggest methods to make effective turbid water filters using commonly available materials, or send me the links which can help make these filters, it will be a big big help.

Thanks,
Chandan Singh,
GreenPower India.
Images of last yr floods 1
Images of last yr floods 2 Images of last yr floods 2

Picture of Water purifiation for flood victims
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MI68 years ago
You can buy Water Straws - they r very cheap and are a sort of plastic tube filled with iodine particles, countering chemicals, and fine mesh. In essence, it means that you stick one end in dirty water, and clean water comes out the other.
chuckr448 years ago
There are 1-2 instructables on this site about a wood powered stove made from an old tin can. Basically: Remove top of can, keep bottom on. Poke 10-12 1/2 inch holes in the side near the top and bottom of the can. Add wood and start a fire. Use another can on top to boil the water for 10 minutes. Simple, low tech, and cheap. The problem would be finding dry wood after a flood.
chandn (author)  chuckr448 years ago
Hi Chuck, Tnx for the linc.Unfortunately, we have a massive flood on our hands..more than 2 million ppl are trapped in this deluge for more than 18 days now.The river kosi from Nepal breached 20 km of embankment and has changed cource moving 60 KM's away. Everything inside is trapped by 10-15 feet high water flowing at very high current. We are doing all we can..but the magnitude is enormous. Tnx anyways, will try thm out once things settle a bit Chandan www.biharfloods2008.blogspot.com
Here are some links:

Hobo stove on instr'ble
Wood stoves on Zenstove
More wood stoves from Zenstove

These are also called "Hobo stoves" in the USA.
Big Bwana9 years ago
Chandan, If you can give me some insight into your water demands, I'll try and help you out with one of the easiest to build low cost filter, here is a few questions How many liters per day / per filter do you require? (( keep in mind are you building say one per family are are you looking at a small camp sized filter ?? )) Do you have access to plastic buckets, 5 gallon plastic pails or larger ? Do you have access to basic hand tools, like a drill, screwdriver, hammer? Do you have access to any chemical means of sterilization like chlorine / bleach / iodine ? Do you have access to clay, even clay dug out of the ground will work in this application ? Do you have access to sand and gravel ? Pm me your Email address and I'll send you a basic filter design I have used it in Africa and it takes nothing special to build it, and most where free to build...... ((( Oh and this is for Randolf ??? I wonder if any one uses instrucables to look up water purification ?? I wonder if they might get sick or die when they are mislead and not told about the effects of mixing toxic chemicals with water ?? You know where I'm going with this ... look at his photos they are children.. young kids ... That should give you some thing to think about, is it really complete ?? )))
chandn (author)  Big Bwana9 years ago
The answers:
1.We need to get about 5 liters of water/day/per family
2.We have access to small plastic pails( 5 liter), plastic bottles of 1,2 & 3 liter ( used cola or soda ) bottles, earthen water pots(baked clay ) of 5-8 liter capacity
3.Yes
4.We have Chlorine water purification 25mg tablets slated to treat 20 liters, these are highly hygroscopic n has to be used immediately after taking thm out of packets( 1 packet has 1000 tabs)
5.Yes.
6.Yes

These water filters are to be used by marooned families, mainly women & children.For them,only water source is flood water, which is murky, have high silt content, & with each passing day get more contaminated with organic impurities and raw sewerage.
Even if we stock them with ORS and medicines, they get water borne infections because of lack of potable water

Thanks Big Bwana
Every single effort takes us closer to the solution.
chandn (author)  chandn9 years ago
Dear friends,
I want to thank each of you for having helped me rig up a potable water filter. Truly, your patience,help & understanding shown towards the problem has been execptional & exemplary
I wish to specially thank Big Bawana who has been guiding me and helping me overcome problems I faced in the field.
I have used water filer along with chlorination and solar pasteurization to try to get maximum degree of purification.

A lot of filters were installed after demostration to flood victims.I will try to send pictures of these after the flood subsides.

Unfortunately, there has been a serious breach on embankment bordering India and Nepal near Forbesganj, and there has been heavy loss of human life, perhaps in thousands.

All the water that was contained by embankment is flowing in at an unprecedented rate. ..Everything that was in the way is totally washed away. The poor souls who were residing in that area dint stand a chance. Most of them are dead

Satellite images from NASA show that the “Kosi’ river has in fact changed course and is now flowing into highly populated areas. There is no way this can be stopped.

I’ll be leaving for Forbesgan shortly, and am not sure whether or when I will return, hence before leaving; I wanted to thank you all for all the help you provided.

God bless you all.
Chandan Singh
Greenpower India.

ps -

These are some links of last year and the current flood situation.

Flood @ Forbesgunj 2008

(http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=s40H-RBcnjs&feature=related)

http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=TW5ggTb9YOE)

(http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=skPVkqADBCY)

Flood 2007
(http://in.youtube.com/watch?v=Oe6i4xN0HGw)
gmoon9 years ago
It probably doesn't qualify as cheap, but is there any chance that Dean Kamen's new (or near-future) [http://blog.wired.com/wiredscience/2008/03/colbert-and-kam.html} Project Slingshot] will be a viable option? Or is it unsuitable due to size / transportation issues? Not to mention that it's not yet available...

I sincerely hope that many of these will make their way into the world via donations (and offset the projected $2000 price tag.)
gmoon gmoon9 years ago
chandn (author)  gmoon9 years ago
Hi gmoon, Project slingshot is almost the perfect water purifier, except that its too costly.Yes, lets hope that they are made available through donation /funding. Last year, GE did try to install high capacity solar powered reverse osmosis water filters in select flood prone locations worldwide . Thanks for the link..some really good suggestions there.
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