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Adobe Photoshop CS5
is a graphics editing program developed and published by Adobe Systems.
I will cover Photoshop version 12.0 (32 bits), with only main tools and services

Okkk lets start learning 

The Menu Bar
At the very top of the screen as always is the Menu Bar, a common feature of most programs these days. Clicking on the various menu headings brings up a list of related options and commands. For example, the File menu is where we find options for opening, saving and closing Photoshop documents. The Layer menu contains options for working with layers. Photoshop's many filters can be found under the Filter menu, and soon on .

The Tools Panel
Along the left side of the screen is Photoshop's Tools panel, formerly known as the Tools palette (palettes are now officially known as panels in Photoshop CS5), and also commonly referred to simply as the Toolbox. This is where we find all of the various tools we need for working on our images. In Photoshop CS5, you'll find the Tools panel displayed in a single column, but I've split it in half here just to make it easier to fit on the page

Workspaces
In the top right corner of the screen is an option that allows us to quickly select from various workspaces, either ones that are built in to Photoshop CS4 or custom workspaces we've created ourselves. Workspaces allow us to set up different panel arrangements, menus and even keyboard shortcuts for different tasks. For example, you may want certain panels open when editing images and other panels open when painting with Photoshop's brushes or when working with type. Workspaces allow us to set up the screen any way we want, save it, and then quickly select it again any time we need it! Photoshop CS5 comes with several built in workspaces. The Essentials workspace is selected by default but you can access the complete list of available workspaces, including any custom ones you've created, by clicking on the word Essentials and selecting a new workspace from the list that appears

The Panels
Along the right side of the screen in Photoshop CS5 is where we find the Panels column (panels were known as palettes in earlier versions of Photoshop). Panels give us access to all kinds of commands and options for working on our images, from organizing layers and viewing individual color channels to choosing colors, stepping back through history states, working with text, viewing information about our images, and so much more. Most of the panels in Photoshop CS5 are the same ones that have been available in earlier versions of Photoshop, but some, like the Adjustments Panel, are brand new to CS5
The Color Swatches panel (Window > Color Swatches) is a good place to store the colors that you use often in your images. You can select a foreground or background color by clicking a color swatch in the Color Swatches panel. You can add or delete colors to create a custom swatch library, save a library of swatches, and reload them for use in another image. You can change the way thumbnails are displayed in the Color Swatches panel by choosing an option from the More menu

( Click on images to look for more details )
 
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Step 1: Basic tools

Picture of Basic tools
Under this section You Will Learn About the Basic Tools  :) 

You will be told only the basic but in details so that one may have his hand on photoshop 
rest all will be done by YOUR OWN HARDWORK AND PRACTICE 

Enjoy the tutorial and You are free to ask any question , even you can msg me for ur doubts


Step 2: _Getting familiar to Toolbar_

Picture of _Getting familiar to Toolbar_
( Click on images to look for more details )
The TOOL Bar Contains :  


1 Marquee Tools – This is the tool you will be using to make selections in your image. The selected part of the image will appear surrounded by the so-called “marching ants” and doing the perfect selection will be one of the most important things you’ll need to learn for image editing.

2 Move Tool -  Not much to say here. If you want to move a layer, item text, or pretty much anything, grab this tool beforehand and then get moving

3 Lasso Tools – If you ever need to make a freehand selection, the lasso tool will surely help you. The other useful tools hiding behind it are the polygonal and magnetic lasso. The magnetic lasso is extremely useful if you’re trying to go along an edge but keep making mistakes with the regular lasso.

4 Quick Select Tool – Tired of using those boring lasso and marquee tools? Check out the Quick Select Tool. It’s way faster than using Quick Mask Mode and you will grow to like this if you like using brushes for everything.

###Magic Wand Tool – The magic wand tool will help you instantly select large single colored areas in one single click, and the Quick Select Tool will allow you to use a magical brush to paint over the areas you want selected.


5 Crop Tool – If something is looking a little too big for you, you’ll find yourself using the crop tool often. And the two useful Slice Tools hiding behind it will be in your hands quite often if you’re going to be using Photoshop to design webpage templates.

6 Eye-Dropper Tool – Not really much to say here. The eye-dropper tool will let you easily pick up a specific color from your image.

7 Spot Healing Brush Tool – If you ever need to remove a scratch or just remove something from the image that doesn’t belong there the Spot Healing tool is where you go.  Using the Spot Healing Brush Tool with the new Content Aware Fill in CS5 you’ll pretty much be able to fix anything “wrong” with your image.

8 Brush Tools – A brush. It can be soft, hard, big, round, square, or even completely customized to make incredible effects. And with the mixer brush tool, you can really go deep into the world of digital paintings since you’ll be able to set just how dry, wet and loaded your artistic brush is.

### Pencil Tool – If you have used Microsoft Paint then this tool you would be familiar with. Making a tiny 1px square hard-line, the pencil tool is more than perfect for drawing the outline on your new animated character!

9 Clone Stamp Tools – If you ever need to edit something out of an image and those complicated spot healing brushes aren’t your thing, try the Clone Stamp. It will let you sample one area of an image and paint over another, while simultaneously sampling from the area you choose. It’s tough to explain by text, so try it out yourself. You’ll be amazed by how often you’ll start to use this tool.


11 Eraser Tools – Nobody is perfect. That’s why we’ll often need to go to our history panel or erase stuff. Well that’s what the erasers are for. One more interesting type of eraser is the Magic Eraser. It will help you instantly knock off single color backgrounds and if you’re planning on using Photoshop for creating a lot of PNG images, than this is going to become your favorite tool of all time.

12 Gradient Tool – It’s always good to have multiple color backgrounds, but let’s keep these multiple colors softly fading into one another, shall we? Indeed we will. The gradient tool can take a boring solid background and add some groove to it by slowly transitioning to a new color.

###Paint Bucket Tool – Just like in Microsoft Paint, Photoshop has its own bucket tool too. Fill in your selection with a single solid color using the paint bucket tool and a single click.

13 Blur Tool – Not everything needs to be crisp and clear. Sometimes you want to blur things up, whether it’s for an artistic idea or something you want to censor in a screenshot, you’ll find the Blur Tool does its job perfectly.

###Sharpen Tool – Get things sharp and clear! That’s just what the Sharpen tool is for. Although your images may seem way more crisp and sharp with this tool, watch out not to overuse it. When you’re completely zoomed out of your image everything will look perfect.  But zooming in just a bit closer will reveal high image quality loss and color contamination. Just a tip to be careful with the tool.

14 Dodge Tool – Make stuff brighter.  The Dodge tool is great for effects but don’t go to heavy on it.

####Smudge Tool – Imagine you have a wet canvas. Now you take your finger and smudge it across its surface.  This is the same effect you will get when using the Smudge tool on your image.  Not only is this tool fun but you can also create some groovy effects!

15 Pen Tools – These are the tools that you will use to make paths. Paths are pretty useful, mostly if you know how to use them right.

16 Type Tools – Simply put, the type tools let you add text to your image.

17 Path Selection Tools – A tool used for selecting and moving your paths.

18 Shape Tools – *Ooffff… Time for another Paint reference…* Yet again, just like in Microsoft Paint you can add some shapes to your image, but seriously, nobody uses these tools, so don’t act all childish drawing squares and lines.  ;)

19 Hand Tool – When you’re working really, really, really zoomed in, you’re going to need to move around in some way and the Navigator isn’t always the best option available. For these occasions we have the hand tool which allows you to easily move back and forward through your image.

20 Zoom Tool – 100% zoom is great but sometimes you need to back away or zoom into your image.  The zoom tool will let you do just that with ease.


NOTE : tools with " #### "  are sub tools which come when u right click on one above mentioned of those tools. ( Click on images to look for more details )

Step 3: Marquee Tools

Picture of Marquee Tools
extra tools options.PNG
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( Click on images to look for more details )

1 Marquee Tools – This is the tool you will be using to make selections in your image. The selected part of the image will appear surrounded by the so-called “marching ants” and doing the perfect selection will be one of the most important things you’ll need to learn for image editing.

Step 4: Move tool

Picture of Move tool
extra tools options.PNG
use.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

2 Move Tool -  Not much to say here. If you want to move a layer, item text, or pretty much anything, grab this tool beforehand and then get moving

Step 5: Lasso Tools

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( Click on images to look for more details )

3 Lasso Tools – If you ever need to make a freehand selection, the lasso tool will surely help you. The other useful tools hiding behind it are the polygonal and magnetic lasso. The magnetic lasso is extremely useful if you’re trying to go along an edge but keep making mistakes with the regular lasso.

Step 6: Quick Select Tool

Picture of Quick Select Tool
extra tools options.PNG
Sub1.png
Sub2.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

4 Quick Select Tool – Tired of using those boring lasso and marquee tools? Check out the Quick Select Tool. It’s way faster than using Quick Mask Mode and you will grow to like this if you like using brushes for everything.

###Magic Wand Tool – The magic wand tool will help you instantly select large single colored areas in one single click, and the Quick Select Tool will allow you to use a magical brush to paint over the areas you want selected.

Step 7: Crop tool

Picture of Crop tool
extra tools options.PNG
sub1.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

5 Crop Tool – If something is looking a little too big for you, you’ll find yourself using the crop tool often. And the two useful Slice Tools hiding behind it will be in your hands quite often if you’re going to be using Photoshop to design webpage templates.

Step 8: Eye-Dropper Tool

Picture of Eye-Dropper Tool
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sub1.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

6 Eye-Dropper Tool – Not really much to say here. The eye-dropper tool will let you easily pick up a specific color from your image.

Step 9: Spot Healing Brush Tool

Picture of Spot Healing Brush Tool
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

7 Spot Healing Brush Tool – If you ever need to remove a scratch or just remove something from the image that doesn’t belong there the Spot Healing tool is where you go.  Using the Spot Healing Brush Tool with the new Content Aware Fill in CS5 you’ll pretty much be able to fix anything “wrong” with your image.

Step 10: Brush Tools

Picture of Brush Tools
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
sub 2 pencil.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

8 Brush Tools – A brush. It can be soft, hard, big, round, square, or even completely customized to make incredible effects. And with the mixer brush tool, you can really go deep into the world of digital paintings since you’ll be able to set just how dry, wet and loaded your artistic brush is.

### Pencil Tool – If you have used Microsoft Paint then this tool you would be familiar with. Making a tiny 1px square hard-line, the pencil tool is more than perfect for drawing the outline on your new animated character!

Step 11: Clone Stamp Tools

Picture of Clone Stamp Tools
extra tools options.PNG
sub 2 clone.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

9 Clone Stamp Tools – If you ever need to edit something out of an image and those complicated spot healing brushes aren’t your thing, try the Clone Stamp. It will let you sample one area of an image and paint over another, while simultaneously sampling from the area you choose. It’s tough to explain by text, so try it out yourself. You’ll be amazed by how often you’ll start to use this tool.

Step 12: History brush

Picture of History brush
extra tools options.PNG
C.PNG
( Click on images to look for more details )

10 The History brush uses a previous state or snapshot of an image. The tool makes a copy of the image as it was in a previous state, then uses the content of this copy to paint with.

Step 13: Eraser Tools

Picture of Eraser Tools
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
sub 2 magic.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

11 Eraser Tools – Nobody is perfect. That’s why we’ll often need to go to our history panel or erase stuff. Well that’s what the erasers are for. One more interesting type of eraser is the Magic Eraser. It will help you instantly knock off single color backgrounds and if you’re planning on using Photoshop for creating a lot of PNG images, than this is going to become your favorite tool of all time.

Step 14: Gradient Tool

Picture of Gradient Tool
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1 magic.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

12 Gradient Tool – It’s always good to have multiple color backgrounds, but let’s keep these multiple colors softly fading into one another, shall we? Indeed we will. The gradient tool can take a boring solid background and add some groove to it by slowly transitioning to a new color.

###Paint Bucket Tool – Just like in Microsoft Paint, Photoshop has its own bucket tool too. Fill in your selection with a single solid color using the paint bucket tool and a single click.


NOTE : No picture for Paint Bucket Tool as You might have atleast used Paint in windows or linux

Step 15: Blur Tool

Picture of Blur Tool
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
sub 3.png
sub 2.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

13 Blur Tool – Not everything needs to be crisp and clear. Sometimes you want to blur things up, whether it’s for an artistic idea or something you want to censor in a screenshot, you’ll find the Blur Tool does its job perfectly.

###Sharpen Tool – Get things sharp and clear! That’s just what the Sharpen tool is for. Although your images may seem way more crisp and sharp with this tool, watch out not to overuse it. When you’re completely zoomed out of your image everything will look perfect.  But zooming in just a bit closer will reveal high image quality loss and color contamination. Just a tip to be careful with the tool.

Step 16: Dodge Tool

Picture of Dodge Tool
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
sub 2.png
sub 3.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

14 Dodge Tool – Make stuff brighter.  The Dodge tool is great for effects but don’t go to heavy on it.

####Smudge Tool – Imagine you have a wet canvas. Now you take your finger and smudge it across its surface.  This is the same effect you will get when using the Smudge tool on your image.  Not only is this tool fun but you can also create some groovy effects!

Step 17: Pen Tools

Picture of Pen Tools
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

15 Pen Tools – These are the tools that you will use to make paths. Paths are pretty useful, mostly if you know how to use them right.


( Click on images for detailed view )

Step 18: Type Tools

Picture of Type Tools
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

16 Type Tools – Simply put, the type tools let you add text to your image.


Step 19: Path Selection Tools

Picture of Path Selection Tools
extra tools options.PNG
( Click on images to look for more details )

17 Path Selection Tools – A tool used for selecting and moving your paths.

NOTE :its just to know for basic  ,no image provided.

Step 20: Shape Tools

Picture of Shape Tools
extra tools options.PNG
sub 1.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

18 Shape Tools – *Ooffff… Time for another Paint reference…* Yet again, just like in Microsoft Paint you can add some shapes to your image, but seriously, nobody uses these tools, so don’t act all childish drawing squares and lines.  ;)

Step 21: Hand Tool

Picture of Hand Tool
extra tools options.PNG
( Click on images to look for more details )

19 Hand Tool – When you’re working really, really, really zoomed in, you’re going to need to move around in some way and the Navigator isn’t always the best option available. For these occasions we have the hand tool which allows you to easily move back and forward through your image.

Step 22: Zoom Tool

Picture of Zoom Tool
extra tools options.PNG
( Click on images to look for more details )

20 Zoom Tool – 100% zoom is great but sometimes you need to back away or zoom into your image.  The zoom tool will let you do just that with ease.

Step 23:

Picture of
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color-picker.jpg
( Click on images to look for more details )

Look At the Picks To Know more about this

Step 24:

Picture of
22.b - Quick mask tool.png
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Not basic , Higher concept if some one want to know Msg Me

Step 25: Important menus

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In the menus section i am gonna cover only important menus ( just to clear basics ) like edit , Layer menu, filters 

Step 26: File Menu

Picture of File Menu
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File Menu

The File menu is home to commands that let you open and close documents, import and export files, browse files in Adobe Bridge, print documents, and so on.

New
Creates a new document

Open
Lets you pick an existing document to open 

Browse in Bridge
Launches Adobe Bridge so you can look at images before you open them in Photo- shop (see Appendix C).

Open As Smart Object
Lets you open a file as a linked Smart Object in a new document .

Share My Screen
Lets you share your computer’s screen and your work with other people through Adobe’s ConnectNow service. You can try out ConnectNow at www.adobe.com/ acom/connectnow.

Close
Closes the current document.

Close All
Closes every document you have open in Photoshop.

Close and Go To Bridge
This option closes the current document and opens Bridge so you can browse for other images.

Save
Saves the current document to your hard drive . If you’ve already saved the document, choosing this command overwrites the previous ver- sion. (You’ve been warned!) If you haven’t saved the document before, choosing this command opens the Save As dialog box, explained next.

Save As
Opens the Save As dialog box where you can save a copy of the current file with a new name or in a different file format .

Check In
If you’re using Version Cue  and have checked out some images to edit them, this option lets you check them back in so that other people using Version Cue can open them.

Save for Web & Devices
Lets you save a copy of the current document in formats that work well with Web browsers and devices like smart phones.

Revert
Wipes out any changes you’ve made to the current document and returns it to its last saved state (page 28 in Chapter 1).

Place
Use this option to place an image or other Photoshop-supported file format as a Smart Object inside your current document. The artwork appears on its own layer, surrounded by a bounding box you can use for resizing.

Import
When you choose this menu item, Photoshop opens another menu containing options for using a scanner to get a picture, drawing, or anything else off paper and into Photoshop . Make sure you’ve installed your scanner software so Photoshop can communicate with your scanner (if the software isn’t installed, you won’t see it in the submenu). Here are the items in the Import submenu:

• Variable Data Sets let you import files that are filled with info Photoshop needs to make customized images based on a template file.

• Video Frames to Layers lets you open a movie file’s frames as individual layers in a new document.

• Anti-aliased PICT  (Mac only) opens .pict images made with old programs like MacDraw.

• PICT  Resource  (Mac only) opens a special kind of .pict image that stores its information in a part of a file called the resource fork. This file type predates Mac OS X by a long shot, so you probably won’t come across it very often.

• Notes lets you import annotations into your image from PDF documents.
• WIA  Support  (PC only) imports images from WIA-compatible, or Windows Image Acquisition, digital cameras and scanners.

Export
Choose this menu item to export your image as paths  so you can open them with Adobe Illustrator, export collected data (Photoshop CS5 Extended only), or export a sequence of images to video.

Automate
 you can automate the tasks you do over and over in Photoshop by saving them as actions. This menu item lists the built-in actions that come with Photoshop.

Scripts
Scripts go hand in hand with Automation because they can both handle repetitive or complex tasks for you.

File Info
Choose this item to see info (aka metadata) about the current document, including when the file was created, how big the image is, its name, copyright information, and so on. You can add and edit these details, too.

Page Setup
Go here to choose your printer, paper size, page orientation, and so on before you print your document; Chapter 16 discusses this dialog box in great detail .

Print
Selecting this item opens the humongous Print dialog box and lets you choose things like the number of copies, print quality, and which printer you want to use . After you get the settings just right, click Print to send your doc- ument to the printer.

Print One Copy
Choose this option to make Photoshop send the current document to the printer you normally use without giving you a chance to change any settings first. Think of Print One Copy as a quick-and-dirty way to print an image without encountering a slew of dialog boxes.

Step 27: Edit Menu

( Click on images to look for more details )

Edit
In this menu you’ll find the Copy and Paste commands, Transform options ,and keyboard and menu shortcut settings, among other items.
If you use a PC, you can also find Photoshop’s preferences here.

Undo
Make a mistake editing your image? Use this command to erase the last thing you
did to your image

Step Forward
If you backtrack through your image edits, you can move forward through them
again by choosing this command

Step Backward
Step Backward works just like Undo, but you can use it to go back more than one
step .

Fade
This command lets you change the strength (opacity) and blend mode  of the last image
edit you made. It works on filters, image adjustments,
and so on.

Cut
Copies the selected item to your computer’s memory and deletes the original.

Copy
Copies the selected item to your computer’s memory but leaves the original intact.

Copy Merged
This command makes a merged copy of all the visible layers in a selected area. If
you’re editing a multi-layer document, this is a handy way to quickly consolidate
and copy a certain part of the image—the area you’ve selected—onto a single layer,
without having to select that area on each individual layer.

Paste
Places objects you’ve copied to your computer’s memory into the current document.

Paste Into
This command lets you paste one selection into another. For example, if you copy
a selection and then create a selection in another document, you can use this command
to make Photoshop paste the contents of that first selection into the second
one, complete with a layer mask.

Clear
The Clear command deletes whatever you’ve selected from the active layer.

Check Spelling
If you add text to your image, this command checks for spelling errors

Find and Replace Text
This command lets you find specific words or phrases in your document and
replace them with different text if you like.

Fill
This command fills the selected area with the color of your choosing. If you
haven’t selected anything, it fills the whole layer instead.

Stroke
This command adds a colored stroke, or outline, to your current selection.

Content-Aware Scale
The Content-Aware Scaling feature lets you change the size of an image without
distorting the important parts.

Free Transform
This command lets you scale, stretch, warp, distort, and rotate the selected object

Transform
Transform works like Free Transform but lets you change only one aspect of the
selected object at a time.

NOTE The Free Transform and Transform features work on individual layers (as many as
you’ve selected), not on your entire document.

Auto-Align Layers
This command makes it easy to create panoramas from a group of similar images.
When you run this command, Photoshop looks for the common elements in each
photo and aligns them automatically .

Auto-Blend Layers
This option lets you combine the best parts of similar images into a single image;

Define Brush Preset
Choose this option to convert the selected object into a custom brush

Define Pattern
This item makes a custom pattern out of your current selection.

Define Custom Shape
This option turns the selected path or vector mask into a custom shape .

Purge
This item lets you clear Photoshop’s undo list, the items you’ve copied to your
computer’s memory, or the edits Photoshop is remembering as history states. You
can also choose to clear all three at once.

Adobe PDF Presets
This item lets you manage, edit, and add groups of settings you can use when you
make PDF versions of your images. You can learn more about the PDF format in

Preset Manager
You can manage groups of custom brushes, patterns, shapes, colors, and styles by
selecting this menu item, which lets you edit or combine groups into new libraries
and delete groups.

Color Settings
This item brings up Photoshop’s advanced color settings so you can control color
management and device profiles .

Assign Profile
This option is part of Photoshop’s color-management system. From here, you can
assign specific color profiles to individual documents or disable color management

Convert to Profile
This option lets you change your image’s color-management profile

Keyboard Shortcuts
Choose this item to customize Photoshop’s keyboard shortcuts, add your own, and
save your personalized menu commands to share with other folks .

Menus
Choose this option to see all of Photoshop’s menus and tweak them .

NOTE : tools with " #### "  are sub tools which come when u right click on one above mentioned of those tools. ( Click on images to look for more details )

Step 28:

Picture of
image menu.png
sub-adjustment.png
sub-Rotation.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

Image Menu

The Image menu groups together features for working with images and your canvas. You can resize documents, adjust Curves and Levels, duplicate images, and rotate images from here.

Mode
This is where you change the current document’s color mode  and bit depth . You can choose from Bitmap, Grayscale, Duotone, Indexed Color, RGB, CMYK, Lab, and Multichannel color modes and 8-, 16-, and 32-bit images.

Adjustments
From here you can change the colors and overall tonal quality of your image.

Auto Tone
This command analyzes the current image and tries to adjust its overall colors to make it look better. Flip to Chapter 9 if you want to learn more about fixing color in your images.

Auto Contrast
This command adjusts the contrast between light and dark areas in your images so that highlights look brighter and shadows look darker. Check out Chapter 9 to learn more.

Auto Color
Artificial lighting can skew the colors in your images, so use this command to shift them back so your image looks more natural. Chapter 9 has the skinny on adjust- ing colors.

Image Size
This option lets you change your image’s resolution and dimensions. This dialog box is discussed at length in Chapter 6.

Canvas Size
Choose this option to change your document’s dimensions without changing its file size or resolution. Use this option if you need more space in your document but don’t want to resize the elements that are already there.

Image Rotation
Use this item’s options to rotate your image and canvas. You can choose one of the presets like 180˚ or “90˚ clockwise” or choose Arbitrary and enter the number of degrees you want to rotate your image.

Crop
This command saves the area you’ve selected and deletes everything else, leaving you with an image that’s only as big as the area you selected. See Chapter 6 for more on cropping.

Trim
Like Crop, this command lets you cut an image down to size, but it doesn’t delete the areas outside the remaining image .

Reveal All
This command shows you all the hidden elements in your image.

Duplicate
This command makes a copy of your current document and lets you give the duplicated document a new name.

Apply Image
The Apply Image command lets you combine a layer and channel from one docu- ment with a layer and channel from another document using the blend mode .

Calculations
This command works a lot like Apply Image, but instead of combining layers and
channels, it combines only channels;

Variables
The Variables menu lets you designate areas of your document as placeholders for other images or text  that Photoshop  adds automatically from a specified data source (see the next item). This command lets you create powerful document tem- plates that you can use to generate several versions of the same basic design (with different images and/or text) automatically

Apply Data Set
Once you’ve created a document template containing variables, you can choose this menu option to tell Photoshop where the variable data lives—the other images and/or text—so it can automatically create the various versions of your document.

Trap
This command lets you set the spread of objects in your images, which controls how much colors overlap where they intersect. This setting is important in offset printing;

Step 29: Layer Menu

( Click on images to look for more details )

Layer Menu

This menu has controls for working with your document layers. From here you can add and delete layers, create layer masks, and merge layers, among other things. Chapter 3 has the lowdown on layers.

New
This command adds a layer or layer group to your image.

Duplicate Layer
This option does just what its name implies: Makes a copy of the current layer.

Delete
Choose this item when you want to delete a layer. You can also select a layer and press the Delete key (Backspace on a PC).

Layer Properties
This option lets you rename the current layer and assign it a color. It’s a handy way to organize your ever-lengthening Layers panel 

Layer Style
Go here to set the blending options for the current layer and to apply effects like drop shadows, glows, and gradient overlays. 

Smart Filter
This option lets you delete or disable a Smart Filter mask. 

New Fill Layer
Go here to create a layer and fill it with a solid color, transparent color, or gradient.

New Adjustment Layer
This option makes a new Adjustment layer so you can apply nondestructive changes to your images.

Layer Content Options
If you need to change an Adjustment layer’s settings, you can choose this command, but it’s a lot faster to simply double-click the Adjustment layer in your Layers panel.

Layer Mask
From  here  you  can  show,  hide,  delete,  and  apply  layer  masks.

Vector Mask
This option works much like Layer Mask item above, but it lets you work with vector- based objects instead.

Create Clipping Mask
This command converts a layer mask  into a clipping mask .

Smart Objects
The Smart Objects option includes tools for working with Smart Objects—editing them, duplicating them, and so on.

Video Layers
This item lets you add, remove, and paint video layers . If you have Photoshop CS5 Extended, you can also use this item’s options to restore video frames, manage color, edit video and animation layers, and set when video layers appear in a timeline.

Type
This option lets you convert text to a shape, warp text, and much more.

Rasterize
This command converts text, vector-based objects, Smart Objects, shapes, 3D objects and video frames into raster-based objects.

New Layer Based Slice
This item adds slices for Web layouts to the currently selected layer based on its content; 

Group Layers
Use this command to group selected layers together. The layers will appear in their own folder in the Layers panel .

Ungroup Layers
This command removes layers from a group and deletes the group (but doesn’t delete the layers).

Hide Layers
Use this command to hide layers or layer groups temporarily so you can see and work with objects in complex images. 

Arrange
This item lets you change the order of layers and layer groups in your image.

Align
This option lets you align objects that are on different layers.

Distribute
This item aligns the contents of three or more layers along the object’s edges or center points.

Lock All Layers in Group
This command lets you lock selected layers in a particular group so you don’t acci- dentally edit or change them. If you select layers that aren’t grouped, the menu item changes to “Lock Layers”.

Link Layers
Use this command to hook layers together so they move as if they were a single layer. You can still edit linked layers, and you can unlink them,.

Select Linked Layers
Choose a linked layer and then use this menu item to select the layers linked to it.

Merge Layers
This command combines selected layers or layer groups into a single layer .

Merge Visible
Use this command to blend all your image’s visible layers into a single layer.

Flatten Image
This command merges all your image’s layers into the Background layer.

Matting
This option removes the extra pixels surrounding an object’s edge after you’ve selected it and isolated it from another larger image. After you apply matting, the item’s edge should look cleaner and more natural. See Chapter 4 for more on mak- ing and editing selections.

Step 30: Filter Menu

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filters menu.png
( Click on images to look for more details )

Filter Menu

This menu is packed with all kinds of effects you can apply to your images. It groups filters by type: Artistic, Blur, Sharpen, and so on. Chapter 15 covers filters in detail.

Last Filter
This command applies the last filter you used—with the same settings—to the current layer or object.

Convert for Smart Filters
Use this feature to convert a regular layer to a Smart Object so you can use Smart Filters.

Filter Gallery
Choose this option to see a preview of how your image will look if you apply vari- ous filters. It’s available for several filter categories, and it’s a good way to learn how those filters affect your image.

Liquify
This filter lets you push, pull, and move pixels in all sorts of ways.

Vanishing Point
This filter helps you maintain your image’s perspective while you paint, clone, or add other images to your original image. 

Artistic
This category includes filters that make your images look like a painting or drawing .

Blur
These filters change the focus in all or part of an image.

Brush Strokes
The filters in this category make your image look like it was painted, penciled, or spray painted, among other effects; 

Distort
These filters create geometric patterns based on your image, including ripple, twirl, and zigzag effects.

Noise
This category includes filters that can help smooth areas of your image that don’t blend well, fix dust and scratches in photos, and remove graininess. You can also use these filters to add grain to give your image more texture and depth.

Pixelate
The Pixelate filters convert images or selections into groups of geometric shapes and patterns.

Render
These filters let you add cloud patterns, fiber patterns, and lens flares, and adjust your image’s lighting .

Sharpen
You can use filters in this category to make blurry or out-of-focus images appear more clear.

Sketch
These filters let you add artistic effects to make your images look like they were hand drawn with charcoal, conté crayons, graphic pens, and so on

Stylize
The Stylize filters do things like turn your images into collections of blocks or dots, or add a wind-blown.

Texture
These filters make your image look like it’s on a textured surface like tiles or stained glass .

Video
These filters let you deinterlace (smooth) images that you’ve grabbed from videos and restrict images to colors that display properly on televisions (NTSC-safe colors) in the United States.

Other
This catch-all category includes options that let you build your own custom filters and adjust the size of a layer mask, among other things.

Digimarc
These filters let you add a watermark and copyright information to your images.

Browse Filters Online
This option fires up your Web browser and takes you to the Adobe Web site where you can browse and download even more filters.

Step 31: END

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