Introduction: 1$ DIY Cable Lug

The goal of this ible is to show you how to make a custom lug connectors for under a dollar. This is so cheap that you should be able to do this with leftover scraps from plumbing jobs.

Step 1: Material

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You will need

Step 2: Figure Out Your Sizes

If you have cable sizing needs, then your connectors should match those requirements. Now resistance over distance is what matters, so if you are at a slightly lower gauge for the 1cm of your lug connector that happens to be thinner, don't worry too much. However, don't exaggerate, or that higher resistance point will become a fuse if you are wildly out of proportion.

First, use the wire gauge chart to figure out what

  1. the diameter of your wire (to know what size of pipe you need)
  2. the weight per foot, or surface area of the wire's face (depends on what calculations you prefer, surface area will be more accurate if there is a difference in the allow mixes; so err on the side of caution if you go by weight)

Next, use the pipe sizing chart to figure out (you are almost certainly using type M)

  1. look at the I.D of the pipes and figure out which one fits your cable size, with enough clearance to put in some extra layers as needed (see step 2)
  2. what the weight per foot is (to figure out how many layers of a given pipe are required to have the same weight per foot as the cable) or use the wall thickness and circumference to do a surface area calculation

For the record, for size 1 AWG, 2 layers of 1/2 or 3/8 pipe can be used, but 1/2 is easier to account for the layering necessary. This may take some trial and error for your other wires.

Step 3: Cut Your Pipe

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First cut some short lengths of pipe (however long you want your lug + about an inch to go over the exposed wire). Add an extra half inch to this to account for hammering down. This will be your lug; cut a slit in it the length of your exposed wire if you are layering, just to make sure it goes on well.

Now cut some shorter pieces that will act as filler if there is too much of a difference between your pipe size and your wire. I needed 2 more inner layers to fill the gap. Make those the length of your exposed wire, and split them open on the length.

Step 4: Fit Your Copper Pipe

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As you fit the filler pipes, use the pliers to crush and round out the layers. Once this is done, you may have to use the pex crimper on a smaller size than the rings you will be using, just to round out the copper, so that the rings will slip on.

Put on two rings, and crimp them. Once they are both well crimped, re-crimp the back one with a size too small.

Step 5: Cut and Flatten

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Start by flattening the tip with a hammer, this will make it obvious where the wire ends. Where the wire ends(ish), cut a slit across the top of the lug. You can then flatten some more.

Step 6: Solder

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Heat up your copper and shove some solder in there. The top slit also has the benefit of giving a good access to all layers and the wire, making sure that they can't just slip from one another.

You can also add a bit in the back, where you crimped harder there should be a small accessible lump. However, this will make the end of the cable a bit stiffer.

Step 7: Drill Drill Drill!

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Make the hole the size you need it for your posts or bolts, and enjoy! You can also add a finishing touch by putting shrink tubing. What I like most about this is that I can colour code my cables so I know what's plugged where.

Comments

Jackson123 (author)2017-01-23

Did this this weekend when replacing a welding clamp. Yeah, I could have driven to Harbor Frieght and bought 2 for $3, but 1) I only needed one, and 2) when was the last time anyone went to Harbor Freight and only spent $3.

Works great but I wish I read this before. Some good ideas--like reducing the size of the pipe and attaching to cable BEFORE flattening and drilling.

MakinThings (author)Jackson1232017-01-23

Nice, thanks. It is good in a pinch or for pure hobby usage. I wish we had harbor freight here, I'd have to order directly from China and wait 3 months if I don't want to spend something like 10$ per terminal!

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