Introduction: How to Grow Oyster Mushrooms (Low Tech)


We have been introducing mushroom cultivation as a nutritional supplement and cash crop for the landless poor. Oyster mushrooms are a high yield, fast growing crop. They are known to help lower cholesterol levels and are a great source of potassium, iron and protein.

This instructable gives a low tech, step by step guide to growing both pleurotus ostreatus (winter strain) and pleurotus pulmonarius (summer strain). Oyster mushrooms are highly tolerant of variations in temperature, humidity, light levels and carbon dioxide levels, making it a great choice for first time growers.

See related instructable - How to Grow Oyster Mushroom Spawn (Low Tech)




Step 1: Materials


You will need...

Straw (the medium for growing the mushrooms in)
Containers (for soaking straw)
Plastic bags (or reusable containers for holding straw)
Elastic bands or string (to constrict bag opening)
Cotton wool (to filter out contaminants)
Barrel or drum (for pasteurising the straw)
Material liner (for holding bags within barrel)
Gas burner (for heating barrel)
Bleach spray (to clean growing room)
Spoon, gloves, clean clothes, face mask (to look the part when inoculating straw)
A growing area that can retain moisture in the air, shaded with some light
Possibly plastic sheeting (to help retain humidity & to reduce other unwanted moulds)
Mushroom spawn (see How to Grow Mushroom Spawn)
A water or weed sprayer (to increase humidity within growing room)
A thermometer and hygrometer (to keep an eye on temperature and relative humidity)

Step 2: Soak Straw, Drain and Bag


The mushrooms require a medium to grow in, in this case we will be using straw. The straw length should be approximately 5-10 cm (2-4 inches). Placing the straw in water tight containers, submerge the straw in water for 24 hours. Wash, rinse and drain thoroughly, then bag in 5 litre plastic bags ready for pasteurising.

Step 3: Pasteurise


Position your drum onto the heat source (we used a gas burner), pouring around 40 litres of water into the drum. Place a suitable platform at the bottom of the drum, one that will keep the bags above the water yet allow steam to rise. Insert a material bin liner and fill with the prepared bags of straw. Close off the bags with the liner and cover the drum with a lid. Heat the drum, steaming the bags for approximately 60 minutes. It should take around 30 minutes for the steam to make its way to the top bags (the temperature should near 95°C ~200°F). Leave to cool, removing the bags and transferring them to the growing area.

Step 4: Prepare Growing Room


The growing room should be clean and dimly lit (shaded with indirect sunlight), able to retain moisture in the air yet also provide an airflow when ventilation is needed. Plastic sheeting can be used to seal off an area to help retain humidity and to reduce other unwanted moulds and insects.

To prepare the room for the inoculations, spray a 1:20 (5%) solution of bleach along walls and corners (any area where mould might like to grow).

Temperatures of 10°C to 24°C (50°F to 75°F) for pleurotus ostreatus (winter) and 10°C to 30°C (50°F to 85°F) for pleurotus pulmonarius (summer) should be available depending on stage of growth (initial spawn run, colonisation, pinning and fruiting).

Step 5: Inoculate Bags

Before inoculating the bags of straw, make sure you have showered and are wearing clean clothes. Clean your hands with antibacterial soap or wear sterile gloves. A face mask and hair cap will also help reduce contamination (we are very dirty creatures).

Open the bags of straw and the mushroom spawn. Taking a sterile spoon, place a few spoonfuls into the straw, breaking it up and mixing lightly. As a general rule, the more spawn you add, the faster the substrate will be colonised (with 1 litre of spawn, we inoculated about 10 bags - you could inoculate more).

Restrict the opening of the bag by placing a rubber band (or cord) around the bag's neck. Taking a small piece of cotton wool, plug the bag's opening to reduce the chances of contamination and insect infestation. Leave to incubate.

Step 6: Encourage Colonisation


Once inoculated, the bags should be left to incubate. During this time the spawn "runs" (mycelium spreads) throughout the straw. The spawn run will be complete when the mycelium has spread entirely throughout the bag (the straw is then fully colonised).

Depending on the mushroom variety, humidity and temperature, this process should take between 1 to 3 weeks.

Pleurotus ostreatus (winter), 24°C (75°F) 2 to 3 weeks
Pleurotus pulmonarius (summer), 24°C to 30°C (75 to 85°F) 1 to 2 weeks


During incubation, light is not required, however, make sure the bags have plenty of fresh air.

Step 7: Monitor Bags


It is important to monitor the bags for any sign of unwanted moulds and pests. While the straw is still in the bags, you shouldn't have a problem with insects or mice. However, the best policy for fighting both contamination and infestation, is prevention. You may want to spray some surfaces to deter flies and other insects from setting up home, mesh any windows and keep doors closed.

Regularly check bags for any mould contamination and remove any infected bags from the growing area. Black mould found within the straw may indicate ineffective sterilisation. You may also notice sprouting straw and the appearance of unwanted mushrooms such as the ink cap (see pictures). Green moulds are common and can be caused by contaminated spawn (ineffective grain sterilisation), high moisture / low spawn levels and ineffective straw sterilisation. At this early stage, it is better to simply remove infected bags, as you want to prevent its spread. Up to a 10% loss due to contamination is generally regarded as acceptable.

Finally, as the bags become fully colonised, the initial stages of fruiting (or pinning) may be seen.

Step 8: Encourage Pinning


Once pinning has started, it is time to remove the substrate from the bags. Pinning naturally occurs as humidity increases, low levels of light appear and temperature levels fall. Increase the growing room humidity by regularly spraying with a water sprayer (avoid spraying directly on the mushrooms). You can also wet the floor and leave open containers of water in the room (95-100% humidity is recommended). As our climate is very dry, we only managed 60% at best, dropping down to 40%, by spraying 5 litres of water 2 - 3 times a day (even at these humidity levels a good result can be achieved). To prevent excessive CO2 levels, allow the growing area to flush with clean air before spraying. If you can, regulate the temperature accordingly.

Pleurotus ostreatus (winter), 10-15°C (50-60°F)
Pleurotus pulmonarius (summer), 10-24°C to 30°C (50-75°F)


You may notice an initial drying out of early stage pinning, as you remove the plastic. As you maintain the humidity levels this will regenerate. Keep a close eye on flies and spray when needed. If any mould is found, either remove the infected straw or the entire mound from the growing area.

Step 9: Harvesting


As the mushrooms begin fruiting, it is important to keep the humidity high (85-90% is recommended). As before, allow air to flush through the growing area prior to spraying (oyster mushrooms require a consistent source of fresh air). Temperatures can now be higher than for the initial pinning stage.

Pleurotus ostreatus (winter), 10°C to 20°C (~50°F to 70°F)
Pleurotus pulmonarius (summer), 16°C to 28°C (~60°F to 80°F)


Remember to constantly monitor for pests, such as flies and mice, as they can quickly ruin a crop. You should expect three or more crops, each taking around a week or so to mature. You may harvest the mushrooms at any size, however, once a mushroom has reached its full size, you will notice it will begin to dry, turning a yellowish colour (they taste great, even dry). When harvesting, remove the mushroom completely, by twisting firmly at its base. After harvesting a few crops, we found it helpful to stack the mounds of straw, which seemed to help increase the yield. If you find your mushrooms with long stalks and small caps, they may not be getting enough light, also high CO2 levels can also lead to small deformities (allow for more fresh air). After the straw ceases to produce mushrooms, it can be fed to livestock or composted.

Now, finally take your harvested mushrooms and create a delicious mushroom meal. Enjoy.

See related instructable - How to Grow Oyster Mushroom Spawn (Low Tech)

Comments

author
icbm2k made it!(author)2017-07-15

Thanks for wonderful instructions for
growing oyster mushrooms. I'm based in Pune city (western part of central India)
and currently we have monsoon season till September end. My city gets good
rains during this period and the avg room temp is between 24ºc - 28ºc and humidity is around 80-85%.

I’m a first time mushroom grower and trying to
taste waters.

I’ve used chemical pasteurisation (formalin +
carbendzim) for paddy straw as substrate and prepared 50 bags during 30th
June – 2nd July. However I have not observed any growth of mycelium in
any bags, on bag had green straws grown into it but other than this there is
nothing happening. It’s been nearly 15 days and I’m completely clueless as to
what happened to spawn & substrate inside these. Some people said the
pasteurisation failed, some its because of contamination. Initially I’d not put
holes in these bags. But someone suggested putting holes in them & spraying
water twice a day and waiting for 4-5days more. So about 3 days back I put
holes by sterilized needle and have been spraying water in these bags but no
change in status.

I’ve also prepared another 25 bags with little different
chemical pasteurisation in last 2 days. This time the straw was dipped into
chemical solution for 18 hrs and then kept for draining for about 24 hrs…then I
prepared bags with sufficient holes into them and kept for incubation in same
room as earlier 50 bags.

I’m spraying water on all of them twice a day.
The room temp is between 26.5ºc – 28.5ºc & humidity is around 70%....but
after spraying water the humidity goes up to 90% and temp to 29ºc. I’m hoping
to get better result with these new 20 bags.

Where am I going wrong & what do you
suggest I should do to get good crop? Plz provide guidance. Thanks.

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author
seyam1 made it!(author)2017-06-12

hello
my name is Seyoum, I have been working on oyster mushroom cultivation. and I have so many questions, like
1 how much water I need to spray on the mushroom after growing?
2 how much air it needs?
3 how to prevent flies(tired of killing them by hand)

author
saunagar made it!(author)2017-04-09

Hi,
I am Saurabh Bhatnagar, Very recently took a days training on Mushroom cultivation.
Started doing it at home. I am able to form beds properly , with very good mycelium growth but further pinning or fruiting happens . Why?
I have room of 12 X 14 fts.. Only one portion I am using for cultivation & inoculation. Two side doors to it. One door opens in balcony & other inside the house to other room corridor. I placed 3 Bamboos in parallel at the height of 8 Fts. the area is covered with Thick gunny cloths. I pour water over it to maintain humidity. So fruiting area is about 4 fts X 10 Fts. Covered with gunny cloths one side & other side is wall. Placed at gunny cloth on the door which is opens in balcony and keep other door closed so that humidity level maintains.
Room temp. close to 21~26 degree centigrade . Humidity 60~85%
Morning --
I open the gunny cloths from the bamboos for 3~4 hrs to allow fresh air come in fruiting area. Spry very less water to all the bags.

Could you pl. guide me where I am going wrong and not able to achieve fruiting.
What r the factors effective fruiting / yield

Regards.

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2017-04-12

A week after your substrate is fully colonised you should start to see some pinning. In nature you get a drop in temperature with Spring rains, so you can sometimes (depending on your variety) place your substrate in a cooler area and then bring them back after pins start forming. Test your substrate is fully colonised and all smell the bags (healthy bags should smell sweet).

author
saunagar made it!(author)2017-04-18

Thanks for your reply,

My problem is why after very good pinning it dry out . Heads are not grown?

spraying water 3~4 times a day to maintain humidity. Temp. is about 28~32 degrees. Guy cloth curtains ( Half or the height) are hanged near to the fruiting area. Due to gunny cloth light is very less during day times also. do I need to open tube light in the room.

author
Samantha_Stoddard made it!(author)2017-03-11

How to grow delicious, organic mushrooms at home http://growingmushroomsathome.blogspot.com

author
Suri_sml made it!(author)2017-02-22

Hello Mr. Rocketsurgery,

You helped me earlier also when I started growing oyster mushroom. Now, again I need your expert advice in an out of the track question about Mycelium and oyster mushroom.

Q. Is it possible to stop mushroom fruiting completely after the spawn run is complete? I am somehow trying to stop fruiting once the spawn run is complete and the bag is completely white with mycelium. Is there a way to freeze this stage? Even the pinheads should not appear ever at any temperature and in all moderate environmental conditions for fruiting. I want the process to stop and sustain at mycelium run completion stage.

Please let me know if its possible somehow. It would be a great help here.

Thanks

Regards

Surinder Verma

vermas.25@gmail.com

INDIA

author
Suri_sml made it!(author)2017-02-22

I got it Mr. Rocketsurgery.

Thanks for your time. :)

I will get back to again for some other help.

Regards

Surinder Verma

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2017-02-23

Surinder,

Oysters fruiting conditions are basically warm weather and moisture exchange. I have never tried to delay fruiting but you should be able to refrigerate (around 4 degrees) and wrap to delay pinning. Sometimes in nature, mushroom fruiting will be delayed by a month due to the colder conditions... obviously it is best to allow fruiting for best yields, delaying may lead to less vibrant growth and so lower crop yields... do some experiments and let us know how you get on.

author
AlexW116 made it!(author)2016-04-08

Hi rocketsurgery,

First I would like to thank you for such a wonderfully put together instructable on growing Oyster Mushrooms. I am very much interested in growing Oyster Mushrooms for myself and eventually to sell at local farmers markets.

I am planning to start off growing in my garage in a space of 10'x10' feet or 100 sq. feet. I am concerned on the amount of spawn I should buy to last me for the summer (3 months). Websites that are selling spawns have them with sawdust bags and grain bags/jars. Sawdust bags have yields up to 1 gallon (about 5 lbs) of spawn in each bag. The jars say they can be expanded up to 1000 times their size. I am unsure of what any of these details actually mean. The website I was planning on buying my spawn was from Fungi Perfecti and their Pearl Oyster is the type of mushrooms I would like to grow.

I have read your instructables on making my own spawn and am confident that I can do that. Just starting the grow itself is my current barrier.

TL, how much spawn should I get to start a 100 sq. feet growing area?

Kind regards,

Alex

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-04-10

Hi Alex,

Thanks for your message and encouragement. The amount of spawn you need really relates to how much substrate you intend to inoculate and colonise. Also, the more spawn you use the faster the colonisation of your substrate. If you buy too much, simply leave it in the fridge and this will keep well until your next inoculations. Regarding expanding your spawn by 1000 times, 1 litre of master culture should be able to produce 10 litres of generation one, 100 litres of generation two and finally 1000 litres of generation three (see How to Grow Mushroom Spawn Step 6: Inoculation Grain Spawn Transfer for more details). It is considered good practise not to propagate spawn beyond the third generation to prevent higher contamination rates. Contamination rates of 10% or less are considered acceptable. I hope that answers your questions and I wish you all the best with your growing.

author
AngeloP34 made it!(author)2016-10-01

Hi Rocketsurgery,

I am starting an oyster mushroom farm in the Philippines with 20k fruiting bags, im pretty sure everything is ok but i'm a little bit lost when it comes to lighting. During the night what is the lighting requirements for oyster mushrooms?

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-10-15

Hi there... Regarding lighting, I have never grown in artificial light but I would recommend 12hrs on 12 hrs off, much like nature provides. Hope you have great success!

author
Suri_sml made it!(author)2016-06-21

Hello Rocketsurgery,

I just came across this great page while searching articles on oysters. I have also jumped into this field and on the way of growing oyster (Pleurotus sajor-caju). Please have a look at the steps I followed:

1. To start with, I treated the empty hall/room with 2-3% formaldehyde and closed the room/hall for 24-40 hrs.

2. I used hot water treatment for fresh wheat straw for one hour at a temp of 60-70°C.

3. Let the substrate cool down for around 1-2 hrs by spreading it on a clean tarpauline.

3. Did spawning @ 10-12% of dry substrate weight basis and filled 3-5 Kgs PP bags.

4. Made 10-14 holes on each bag including 1-2 holes at the bottom to leach access water, if any.

5. Kept the bags for spawn run.

I hope I am going good :), need your expert advise please.

Now, its been 7 days and myselium had started spreading after 2nd day in the hall. I hope myselium spread should be completed in next few days.It seems good till date.

Few questions please:

1. The temp in the hall is around 24°C and that of the bag (inside bag) is around 25-26°C. As per your article, should we allow some fresh air in the room during spawn run? Is it necessary?

2. Is it fine to spray formaldehyde in the room during spawn run to avoid insects? However, I personally don't want to use any chemical spray after initial room cleaning and chemical treatment.

3. After hot water treatment of the wheat straw, the remaining water was acidic, would you suggest something to improve water pH level? I understand the water should be clean but what is the importance of water pH level and what it should be for substrate preparation and during sprays in the growing room for maintaining humidity/moisture?


Thanks again for the great article and support you are landing to new growers.


Regards

Surinder Verma

vermas.25@gmail.com

INDIA.

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-06-26

Hi,

To answer your questions...

1. Step 6 says "During incubation, light is not required, however, make sure the bags have plenty of fresh air." The bags still require enough oxygen however they should cope with less flushes of fresh air while they are contained. I personally would have them open to the fresh air at this stage.

2. As formaldehyde is carcinogenic, I personally would avoid spraying and therefore avoid inhalation, it is not meant to be carcinogenic by ingestion, so any dietary exposure to formaldehyde should not be a concern.

3. Water pH levels should be around 6.8 - 7.3 so possibly treat it if it is outside this range. Adding gypsum/limestone should increase pH levels as a rule.

I hope you have great success.

author
Suri_sml made it!(author)2016-06-28

Hello Rocketsurgery,

Thanks for the quick response and clarifying my doubts. I appreciate all your help and support. :).

It was 14th day of Spawn run today and I dispersed the bags in the hall. Oyster started coming out of few bags and one bag showed tremendous oyster growth. I have attached pics for your reference. :)

=>I noticed very thick mycelium spread in few bags, its like dense froth. Please see the picture as I dont think mycelium spread is correct in these bags. Request you to check the pics and suggest.

=>2 bags had 'white plaster' like patch with a bad smell. Spawn run is not progressing in these bags at all, please suggest.

=> I noticed small black insects on the bags and flies in the hall while introducing fresh air and light (from main door). Would you please suggest something to save the crop from these insects and flies?

Thanks again for the extended support.

Regards

Surinder Verma

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author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-06-29

Also remember "Once pinning has started, it is time to remove the substrate from the bags. Pinning naturally occurs as humidity increases, low levels of light appear and temperature levels fall. Increase the growing room humidity by regularly spraying with a water sprayer (avoid spraying directly on the mushrooms). You can also wet the floor and leave open containers of water in the room (95-100% humidity is recommended). As our climate is very dry, we only managed 60% at best, dropping down to 40%, by spraying 5 litres of water 2 - 3 times a day (even at these humidity levels a good result can be achieved). To prevent excessive CO2 levels, allow the growing area to flush with clean air before spraying. If you can, regulate the temperature accordingly."

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-09-13

Another way to increase oxygen to the mushrooms is to leave the substrate in the growing bags but make 2cm x-cuts at intervals around the bag. This will promote pinning in those areas and improve yeild consistancy.

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-06-29

I would recommend that you have the tops of your bags with a small opening to allow them to breathe, place a small amount of sterile cotton wool in the openings to prevent contamination, but your bags need oxygen - have a look at Step 5 "Restrict the opening of the bag by placing a rubber band (or cord) around the bag's neck. Taking a small piece of cotton wool, plug the bag's opening to reduce the chances of contamination and insect infestation. Leave to incubate."

author
growmama made it!(author)2016-09-11

Ink Caps or also known as shaggy manes are edible within the first 4-5 hours of growth after that they produce a drug that is actually given to alcoholics to make them vomit when alcohol is consumed. So if you get them fresh n tightly closed to the stem they are delicious , otherwise stay away.

author
growmama made it!(author)2016-09-11

Hello everyone, I am looking for some advise on setting up a 1500 sq ft warehouse as an indoor oyster mushroom farm. any one available for a consultation on doing this the cheapest way possible????

Thank You

author
Multichip made it!(author)2016-08-06

there is a chance to get appear venom or toxic mushrooms?. I see the 'ink cap' mushrooms in your pictures. Are they not the mushroom oyster?, how this mushrooms apperars there (the ink cap)

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-08-07

Ineffective straw sterilisation can allow other fungi and moulds to grow in the substrate leading to contamination. If you are noticing sprouting grass from your substrate look out for unusual varieties of fungi. Although I wouldn't recommend eating them, ink caps can actually be eaten, but like their colloquial name (tippler's bane) suggests, they react with alcohol giving you a 4-5 day hangover.

author
MuktayeeD made it!(author)2016-07-30

If the water is little salty but ironless do it hamper anyhow for oyster cultivation?

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-07-31

Oyster mushrooms can actually grow in salt water. In a trial testing the ability of oyster mushroom mycelia to break down hydrocarbons, Paul Stamets (world-renowned expert in mushrooms and other fungi) noted that oyster mushrooms grew at a rate of 75% in salt water. So, it appears that it shouldn't be too detrimental to use your water with a slightly higher salinity.

author
Suri_sml made it!(author)2016-06-21

Hello Rocketsurgery,

Sorry, I forgot to mention the Humidity in the hall. It's between 82%-92%. Need your expert advise on the required humidity during spawn run.

Thanks

Surinder

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-06-26

The humidity shouldn't be too much of an issue during colonisation as long as the medium is contained within your bags.

author
AbrianoM made it!(author)2016-03-17

hey !! i make mushrooms on sawdust... shouldn't i directly water the mushroom packets..?? how should i water ..?? and could u please send me some more photos of the growing room ..please ...my emai- abrianomunez@gmail.com

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-03-18

If you spray water in the air and perhaps have open water containers to help evaporate humidifying the growing room, your sawdust will naturally retain moisture. If you pour water directly onto the substrate you might generate slimy mushrooms. Simply retain water in an area (using plastic sheeting to enclose a suitable growing space) but make sure you also flush the growing area with fresh air - perhaps just before every time you spray the air with water. All the best.

author
ValerieM38 made it!(author)2016-03-04

Here is a photo of what they look like after 5 days. Any advice?

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author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-03-05

Pictures suggest too much CO2 - do an image search of mushrooms with too much CO2 and compare. Flush with fresh air often and then restore humidity.

author
ValerieM38 made it!(author)2016-03-05

Could we possible open and shut the door several times an hour to move the fresh air in the room or do we need to purchase some kind of air filtering system?

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-03-06

Do you have an automatic humidifier or do you spray the room using a hand sprayer? If by hand, I would flush the room (open the room up briefly) allowing fresh air to replace the stale air before spraying. Experiment a little, your mushrooms need more oxygen and less CO2, so slowly work out what levels are best for your variety of mushroom and the size and location of growing room. You'll solve this, I'm sure.

author
ValerieM38 made it!(author)2016-03-06

We actually do both. We have a mister that keeps the humidity level at 99% in the room and spray about 4 to 5 times a day.

author
ValerieM38 made it!(author)2016-03-05

What do you suggest is the best way to get fresh air into the grow room? Cuurently our grow room is a sterile enclosed room built in our garage. Heavy plastic cover all areas, but light comes thru 1 window that is also covered over with plastic, with additional grow lights hanging from the ceiling. One door entry to the room. During the hot summer months we filter in air thru a large portable air conditioner.

author
ValerieM38 made it!(author)2016-03-04

Hi, I've tried unsuccessfully to fruit the Pearl Oyster mushrooms. They do well in the beginning once transferred to the grow room, which is 64° and 99% humidity. After about 5 days they start to die off. What am I doing wrong? Growing them in a sawdust log, same as our King Oyster that do very well. Thanks!

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-03-05

Hey there, I would suggest that your mushrooms are not getting enough fresh air (too much CO2). I would flush the growing room with fresh air regularly (then restore humidity). Hope this helps, all the best.

author
BrittanyF9 made it!(author)2016-02-21

Looking forward to doing this in a few weeks

just a few questions

-can i use burlap as the material liner in the drums?

-what should the temp be during inoculation, before it start to pin?

-how much (approx.) will a single bag yield over the three harvests?

-during the steaming process, did you mean 60 minutes total or 60 minutes after the steam reaches to top?

Thanks!

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-02-21

Hey Brittany,

Burlap would be great. Inoculate with the temperature around that for colonisation (winter Oyster), 24°C (75°F) (summer Oyster), 24°C to 30°C (75 to 85°F). Yield is difficult to estimate as it depends on the quality of your spawn, your substrate, bag size and growing conditions, however, I would hope to see your substrate mostly covered (sides and top) in mushrooms for each flush. With the steaming process, you can experiment a little with timing to see what you can get away with, however, you will notice the lower bag tend to be more reliable and you want to make sure that your substrate is going to grow anything but your mushrooms (I would steam longer than necessary for your first grow - 1hr from seeing the steam in the higher bags).

Have fun and don't be afraid to experiment - if you remember let me know how you get on. :)

author
Kushalkutwaroo made it!(author)2016-01-18

hI :)

I'm a beginner.

Can you please enlighten me about the plastic bags? Do we take them off? In some pictures I can see the mushroom coming off the bags.

Thank you

author
Kushalkutwaroo made it!(author)2016-01-18

Also can I use sugar cane straw? And from where can I buy good quality spawn?

Thank you very much

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-01-20

Regarding the plastic bags, in Step 8: Encourage Pinning - it says to remove the bags as pinning/fruiting begins. Make sure you maintain the correct room humidity to prevent the early growth to dry out. Yes, sugar cane straw is fine. Regarding where to obtain your spawn, it really depends on where you live. If there are companies in your country, have a look online and have it sent to you. All the best!

author
Kushalkutwaroo made it!(author)2016-01-22

Hi thank you very much, I actually live on an island in the indian ocean, Mauritius. Unfortunately there are no companies selling those and online I can't find oyster spawn for sale, I came across oyster plugs but I am looking for spawn. Can you help me please?

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2016-01-23

Hey again,

There are some interesting articles regarding growing oyster mushrooms in Mauritius. Have a look here and here.

Regarding buying spawn, you should be able to find it online if you search for grain spawn but perhaps you could ask this local company where to buy spawn (or perhaps they would sell you some to get you started?) McNeil Mushroom Ltd: A self starter in the mushroom industry, supplying mainly local 5-star hotels, restaurants and supermarkets. Telephone: 230-7313563 Address: 56 Rue Du Jardin, Curepipe, Mauritius

The issue with Island life is that there are often restrictions to what Live plants, cuttings, slips, mushroom spawn etc you can import as it can sometimes be detrimental to native fauna/flora. It does look like oyster mushrooms are being grown there, however. It might be worth noting that neighbouring Madagascar imports most of it's mushroom spawn from Italy, the Netherlands and the UK, so perhaps that is something to look into.

All the best.

author
Kushalkutwaroo made it!(author)2016-01-26

Thank you very much Sir.
Regards

author
ramoz.abd made it!(author)2015-05-07

hi :)

i'm growing oyster mushroom , following the steps you showed , i'm now in production phase its kind of hot out side 30 c but in oyster room its around 27 c the mushroom is drying out and it stopped growing the little heads are not growing i spray them 3 times a day 1.5 L in each spry .

so i need your help should i spry them more ?

or should i increase the amount of water ?

and what about the light and co2 ?

i would very happy to hear from you

because everything was going great before .

:) :) HELP ME ....

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author
JohnB302 made it!(author)2015-11-18

Oysters need oxygen - and you need to dump CO2, I ventilate from above and periodically draw out from about 15" above floor level with a couple of fans - oysters are happy with low light - they will grow toward it, I use automatic misting for moisture - this need not be expensive!!!! I have a unit in Northern Thailand running 7000 pots we make our own.

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2015-05-10

If you can get a simple hygrometer (you can buy ok ones for around $3 to $15) that will tell you whether you need to increase the humidity. Flushing the growing room with fresh air occasionally (then quickly regenerate humidity levels) will help prevent deformities due to CO2. During the fruit stage make sure you have some levels of light. Looking at your mushrooms, perhaps concentrate on fresh air flushes as you want to avoid the CO2 build up and try to get a gauge to note your humidity levels. I'm sure you'll solve this. :)

author
CoreyR6 made it!(author)2015-10-14

I have access to an aquaponics setup. I was wondering what would happen if after the first flush, I submerged my substrate into nutrient rich water (or perhaps just use some in a spray bottle and wet the mycelium). Would this increase subsequent flushes? Also, should I sterilize the nutrient rich water before adding it to the growing mycelium? Your advice would be most helpful!

author
rocketsurgery made it!(author)2015-10-17

Keeping your medium well watered, through keeping the correct growing room humidity, certainly helps with flushes. If you can replenish your substrate with nutrients, then I would imagine that this would help with yield and perhaps increase number of flushes before the substrate is spent. Obviously, you need to take care not to introduce contamination during this feeding, but I would love to find out how you go if you trial this. All the best.

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