Introduction: 10W R.M.S. Audio Amplifier

Picture of 10W R.M.S. Audio Amplifier

INTRODUCTION
                             The aim of the project was to make an audio amplifier that can deliver up to 10W R.M.S. power output. input can be given via computer/mp3 player or a mic (mic circuit explanation at the end). there are many different types of amplifiers tda2003 is probably a class b amplifier because its power consumption is quiet low then normal amplifiers and also that its noise is very low.
the purpose for which i chose this ic is that it has very less external components, very low distortion,very low input power and a corresponding high output power.

ABOUT THE IC
                          TDA2003 is a 10W car radio audio amplifier The device provides a high output current capability (up to 3.5A) very low harmonic and cross-over distortion. Completely safe operation is guaranteed due to protection against DC and AC short circuit between all pins and ground,thermal over-range,load dump voltage surge up to 40V

Step 1: Things Required

Picture of Things Required

lists of components required to build the circuit

Resistors:

  • R1:220 Ω
  • R2: 2.2Ω
  • R3: 1Ω 1 watt
  • Rx: 39Ω                                  See the datasheet paw to alter the value of Rx
  • RV1: 10kΩ

Capacitors

  • C1: 2.2µF 25V electrolytic
  • C2:470µF 35V electrolytic
  • C3:0.1µF polyester or ceramic
  • C4:1000µF/35 V electrolytic
  • C5: 100nF polyester or ceramic
  • C6: 100µF 35v electrolytic
  • Cx 39nF                                       See the datasheet paw to alter the value of Cx

Semiconductors

  • IC1: TDA2003
Miscellaneous
         :  connectors (cream shell connectors )
3-  2 pin connectors

Step 2: Helpful Material

Here is some helping material :
1- the data sheet of tda2003
2- the schematics of amplifier
3- and the PCB layout of amplifier

these circuits are modified ones the one i fabricated was a bit different .the difference was in placing the components not any thing else. if someone wants . datasheet open with any .PDF reader while the schematics and layout can be opened by Proteus (software) 7.0 or above.

Step 3: Circuit Diagrams

Picture of Circuit Diagrams

CIRCUIT EXPLANATION
                                          
lets get started with the circuit the input form a computer or any other audio device will be given at the connector named as "input". u can even directly solder them if u want but connectors are easy to handle as they can be disconnected and reconnected without soldering and De-soldering except for the first time.

then the signal passes to the potentiometer named as RV1 it is just to control the input voltage and can be used as a volume control. c1 is a coupling capacitor and is used to block the dc portion present in the input signal.

c2 is present to reduce the distortion in the output as it is acting like a bypass capacitor (but u can see that there is 1ohm resistor except the ground so it is not actually the bypass cap.

c3 is there to reduce the ripple in the power supply and no other purpose similarly c6.

c4 is an output coupling capacitor . (i don't know the reason why it is there because it is reducing the BASS of the circuit never tried to reduce it if someone tries do tell me what happened).

we all know that there is a magnet and a coil in a speaker therefore they are inductive and inductors do not allow ac to pass through them that effectively so it is there to reduce the inductive effect of the speaker.

cx is present to reduce the higher frequency at the output terminal and also provide a feedback path to the amplifier.

OUTPUT POWER AND LOAD
                                    Connect a power supply 8-18V i recommend that u connect 16 V at least to get nice sound even when the volume is at its max u can purchase a power supply from the market OR u can use this link to make one for yourself
https://www.instructables.com/id/Power-supply-5vconst-0-12v-variable/
just replace the R2 and R22 resistors to 3k each to get +-16V (it was supplying +-12V)

at the output u can connect 2ohm/4ohm/8ohm Load to get 10W/8W/6W power respectively

Step 4: Demonstration Video & Modifications

Picture of Demonstration Video & Modifications
here is a demonstration video :
don"t rely on this because the normal microphone of the mobile can not receive the bass so it seems that it has no bass but actually its base is awesome and also the video has distortion but actually the distortion is very low (zero below 50% volume) and negligible at 80% because the power supply is 12V if it was 16 or 18V then the distortion would be even less at high volumes .



another video


in case if someone wants to modify the circuit i.e.
increase/decrease bandwidth
increase BASS/treble
reduce noise
increase/decrease gain
the diagram shows how will the change in components affect these values

if u have any problem u can comment or mail me at dinitrogenoxide@ymail.com
and rate it if u like it :)

Step 5: Mic Attachment (Optional)

Picture of Mic Attachment (Optional)

Here is a modification if u want to amplify your sound that u speak connect a microphone
u will need
a microphone
a battery
a capacitor 1uF (try to use a non polarized capacitor)
a resistor 2.1k

and a connector to connect it to the input or u may simply solder it to the input of the amplifier
NOTE make sure that u connect the ground of the amplifier to the ground of the mic (to ensure common ground) otherwise it may not work properly

Comments

PansiluJ (author)2017-08-05

Hello.this is not related to this instructable.
I made a psu with lm317 using the common sschematic.i used your coarse fine adj method as well.resistor values are 1k and 10k pot with 1k pot for fine adj.
However the voltage cannot be adjusted using both pots.its always 10.6v with 12v vin.
I replaced 220R resistor to 10k and 1k pot and that reduced the voltage.then used 5k pot instead of 10k and 1k pots.its worked but max voltage was 8.5v.so i removed 1k resistor(R2) and placed 470R resistor now againg its not adjustable.
What should i do now.i cant imagine the problem.
Any suggestions?
And im not using fine tuning now.only 5k pot as R1 and 470R resistor as R2.

usbg3rd (author)PansiluJ2017-08-06

Kindly see this image, it is from the datasheet of LM317. It has a formula that can be used to calculate the ouput voltage for a given input voltage. Remember if your input is 12V you can never get 12V at the output (due to power losses) therefore in any PSU the input is higher than the required adjustable output.
I haven't seen your schematics so I cant tell what is R1 and R2 but see this circuit for reference.

PansiluJ (author)usbg3rd2017-08-08

Yes i know but i think the ic is now i bougt new ill make it again in a breadboard.
Thanks for quick reply. ?

ShikharM7 (author)2017-06-24

Sir Plz specify the "V" values of C3 ; C5 ; Cx

usbg3rd (author)ShikharM72017-06-29

I cant find the exact values at the moment but the voltage should never exceed the supplied voltage, the peak value of supplied voltage is 36V so use 50V for each of the capacitors.

ShikharM7 (author)2017-05-01

Sir,

I want to make it dual channel Amp what can I do .... I am thinking to make two different circuits for the same ...is it right or what should I do , I am little concerned about power supply how could i power them i have a variable Ac Dc converter

usbg3rd (author)ShikharM72017-05-03

Yes, dual channel Amp can be made by making 2 different circuits of TDA2003. This will result in a 20Watt amp. so to power this amplifier your Current rating of the supply should be double as compared to 1 circuit.
Ideally
- for a 12V converter your current rating should be 1 Amp for 1 Circuit
i.e. converter max output current should be 2 Amp for a dual channel amplifier.
Moreover the datasheet specifies a peak current of 3.5A can be drawn from the battery

Peak

- for a 12V converter peak current rating should be 3.5 Amp for 1 curcuit

i.e. converter max output current should be 7 Amp for a dual channel amplifier.

Conclusion

To sum it up generally the amplifier works on a range in the middle of ideal and Peak values. So roughly around 12V-3Amp converter would be decent. however the more the Amps the better the beats will be as the beats tend to draw more current.

CristianM122 (author)2017-04-30

I made the amplifier 2 times, but none of them works. I powered them with 9V first of all, the speaker starts to make a popping noise, then nothing. No voltage to the speaker. What may be the problem?

usbg3rd (author)CristianM1222017-05-01

okay, I am not exactly sure what went wrong but lets figure it out.
1 - when u make a circuit did you solder the IC ? never do that If u did It might damage the IC.
2 - check all other components are soldered properly.
3 - before soldering did you perform the continuity test of the PCB?
4 - are you using a good quality power supply? i.e. is it capable of delivering about 2 Amp max current at 9V?
5 - If all the above is okay then i guess we have to debug the whole circuit individually component-wise.
Check and reply about the above mentioned things and we will continue it further :)

CristianM122 (author)usbg3rd2017-05-02

I think the only problem is soldering the IC, because I couldn't find any sockets for an IC with 5 pins. I thought this may be the problem

usbg3rd (author)CristianM1222017-05-03

Sometimes you have to work around stuff.. If you look closely I myself cut a regular IC socket for lets say 6-8 pin IC in the middle and used that as a socket for 5 pin...

Travour776 (author)2017-02-04

Found errors

usbg3rd (author)Travour7762017-02-04

Feel free to correct them :)

KasunJ (author)2016-12-31

thanks for the very quick reply.

i dont have any 12v battery so i cant test it but i can either do it with 9v battery.

otherwise i like to build a amplifier using a premade module that i can buy from ebay to my pc.bcos these amps wont a another powersupply. so i can make a usb powered amp using premade amp.

usbg3rd (author)KasunJ2017-01-01

You can test it with a 9v battery too. or simply test with any car battery that is normally 12V. With 9V battery if you increase the volume the distortion will occur..
You can get pre-build amps but they are not fun as I like to build my own stuff. USB power amps will never give you more than 5W output ideally.. it will be always less than 5W.

Travour776 (author)usbg3rd2017-01-01

I wont more than 5w for my pc. 3w is enough so i can use that. Otherwose its stereo and simple and easy. Although there are some 10w amps too. Like PAM8410. How ever thanks for your helps.
Because of my school i have not much time on my hobby electronics. But i will make the pcb for this amp soon.
But i cant desolder my ic its stuck i think i removed every other things but ic is not removble my thumb was wounded when i was desoldering that. Lol

usbg3rd (author)Travour7762017-01-02

Do make sure that you dont draw more power than 5W form a USB port otherwise the USB controller will be damaged. Maybe that is the problem. You never solder IC directly on the board, always use an IC bed. Like you can see in the image I didnt have an IC bed so I used normal connectors. because when you are directly soldering IC in the board you might damage the IC with the heat from the soldering Iron. Another plus point is in case If your IC gets damage you can just pull the old one out and insert a new one without soldering or anything.

KasunJ (author)usbg3rd2017-01-06

but i was soldered ic with heatsink is connected.otherwise i will buy more tda 2003 so can throw my old one.however i will use usb adapter to first test then ill use with my pc and how i measure power i dont have a multimeter.P=VI gives the power but its not practical as well.this is my usb amp you can give me a word about that, http://www.ebay.com/itm/PAM8403-5V-2-Channel-USB-Power-Audio-Amplifier-Module-Board-3Wx2-Volume-Control-/262130705142?hash=item3d083522f6:g:FAkAAOSwo0JWPHrG

usbg3rd (author)KasunJ2017-01-07

Any USB powered amplifier can never have more power than 5W. Therfore they claim it to be 3W x2 but it will not be. secondly if you try to draw more power the controller shuts the supply to the usb Port or it can damage the port itself. Its your decision that do you want to buy a 5W amp or make a 10W one. One more thing you can buy ready made usb-powered speakers (In case you just want something to play on).

KasunJ (author)2016-12-31

thats the problem bro my name. alright can u say me your name in facebook if exsist?because you are a good person that know about electronic technology.im glad to meet you.

usbg3rd (author)KasunJ2017-01-01

I stopped using facebook a long time ago. You can ask me anything here, Message me in my inbox I will try to reply if i could help :)

Travour776 (author)2016-12-31

hello

yeah yeah you are right. But the ic is heat up just like 50C degrees. I don't have any more ICS so I can't replace I saw that u used the schematics on data sheet. So I will make my pcb again using datasheets pcb.

Any ways how to stop the noise in this amp? I thought its my PSU maybe it will stop if I use a filter cap like 2200micro farad cap? Also I madea simple amp with a lm386. I was tested and it worked nicely just negligible noise and distortion in the higher volumes. But after 2hours it was crashed I mean that amp was too noisy and sound was Barely distorted even at volume 1. I can't fix the bug I used the same PSU that before distort and after distort that is the PSU that I also used in your amp. I think the problem might be in the lm386 ic.

Ilike to know your what are thinking about that.

Thanks by the way for your help in this case I'll tell you if my amp is worked. I think that will work.

usbg3rd (author)Travour7762016-12-31

50 degrees is not that bad. Normally when the IC malfunctions the temperature is so hot that it burns your fingers when you touch it. I didn't quite understand what you told about lm386. correct me If I am wrong. lm386 is a very small amplifier basically your cellphone has more volume than lm386 amplifier, so I am not a big fan. Do you have a battery? 12V DC battery try that. Any power supply that you use has a noise that is added to the amplifier (50Hz noise). If there is no noise with 12V battery than that is the issue. Otherwise the capacitor pins check their soldering.

Travour776 (author)2016-12-28

I saying that when im connect speaker directly to the input, its power(loudness) is more than output of amp!
So its just a useless one. Althougt i thoght once that amp wants more power but im using 2A power supply so i think its immpossibe.
And you are correct there some dry solder joints but i thought they connected nicely. I havent bread board so i cant test it so i have to remove all components and make it again. Somehow my circuit has a problem. Bcs 2. 2u cap's pcb trace was vanished. So now im jointing input with 1st pin using a wire. Its a bypass now(the2. 2u cap).
And also its just works when 1st pin and 2nd pin of ic is shorting! And sound isnt amlified.
Also reply to this.

usbg3rd (author)Travour7762016-12-30

Hello again, Have you felt the IC does it heat up when u are using it, check carefully. and If possible try replacing the IC if the circuit still does the same than it is probably the circuit that is faulty. The amp definitely amplifies you can check it from the video link I gave above and worked for a lot of people.

It is the same circuit that is given in the data sheet so that pretty much means it should work for you too..

Travour776 (author)2016-12-28

Sorry about account. Im the guy that named pansilu and kasun. Sorry about that.

KasunJ (author)2016-12-25

This amp isnt works as an amplifier.sound is not amplified well.it is not works some times and also there is so unwanted sound either i cant increase volume.please help me to fix this problem.and can you say your name in facebook? then i can add u as friend thus i can solve my problems in this amp.please help me in this problem please.
schematics i used that are posted by you and i was modified them to add pc board terminals and for real TDA2003 ic.i made the board according to your layout files.

and i can see that your pcb is not like the pcb that u posted.anyways please help me quickly in this problem.

usbg3rd (author)KasunJ2016-12-26

Correct me If I am wrong, Are you trying to say that sometimes it works and sometimes it doesn't ? If that is the case it means that your soldering is not proper and some of the joints are lose. make sure everything is properly intact.
Secondly it happened to me once that while soldering I kind of damaged the IC (Due to the heat from the soldering iron) when I replaced the IC it worked perfectly, as you can see afterwards in the final circuit I used an IC bed for inserting the IC just because I don't damage it again. plus IC bed is very convenient as if my IC gets damaged due to any other reason i can just replace it without soldering. I am currently unable to open my layout files, but the one I used is the same, I Just rearranged some of the components in the layout the connections however are the same.
Thirdly I didn't have the required resistance in the market so I used a parallel combination to achieve the results. make sure your RX, CX, R1 and R2 values are close to the one suggested. you can tune these values if there is any distortion in you amplifier (as IC's are not perfect in most countries).

KasunJ (author)2016-12-25

PansiluJ its me

PansiluJ (author)2016-12-12

This is one of the best amplifiers that i ever saw.thanks for posting this :).

but i have a question can i connect a tone control circuit to this.if can,then how i connect that? i mean where i connect that? to theinput of this amplifier(before amplify the input signal) or to the output(after amplify the signal)?

i will use a 741 based tone control circuit.(In a another instructable)

usbg3rd (author)PansiluJ2016-12-16

Thank you :)
Yes, you can connect a tone control with it.. In-fact with any amplifier.
Tone Controllers (aka pre-Amps) are always applied at the input, as it is easier to handle signals with low amplitudes. The pre-Amplifiers voltage/Current ratings are very low, even If you find a Tone Controller for more power it will cost you way too much. Plus Tone controllers normally use filters due to which the signal strength decreases drastically so its used before the main amplifier. So to sum it up, you can use a tone control at the input of any amplifier.
I have another Instructable that uses a tone control you can either use the pre-Amp I used in the link or any other. On How to connect the two see the link below

https://www.instructables.com/id/32W-Stereo-Audio-Amplifier/

MegaRCGuy made it! (author)2016-03-08

Hello, I made this with my own pcb design according to your schematics,
with EAGLE. I soldered everything right and supplied 12V from an ATX
PSU. Nothing happened even though I input sound from a mp3 player. But
when I turned the variable res, the 'Rx' resistor (39Ohm) began to smoke
and burned out. The IC was heated a little bit (I think it was usual).
Then I replaced the Rx with a 33Ohm as I didn't have more 39Ohm. But it
stayed perfectly without heating or smoking. Still it doesn't work. But
when I touch the input wires, it outputs a big 'DRRRRRRRRR' sound. What
should I do? I used a mp3player, mobile phone, laptop to input and test
it. same result...

HaythamL (author)MegaRCGuy2016-07-04

i saw your comment i may be late but here is the thing: your amplifier is bad i made one like this from another web site and it worked fine i put a 12 v, 2 amp adaptator there is a distortion because i used 2 amps power supplies but never the less it worked

usbg3rd (author)HaythamL2016-07-04

The issue is with supplies... try using a battery and there WONT b any distortion.. power supplies convert AC to DC and yet there is a little AC component left no mattter how many capacitors you use ... that is why there is distortion.. in high quality supplies it will be less but will be still there .. as you can hear it in the video link too.. but after that i used a lead acid battery and it worked like a charm.

HaythamL (author)usbg3rd2016-07-07

thats not it the iC can draw up to 3.5A right ? and you said use 12v 1 A
your adapter will get hot and the IC will not work att full power

usbg3rd (author)HaythamL2016-07-08

"can draw up to 3.5" is only in an extreme case. The IDEAL supply ratings should be voltage = 8 - 18V and the current = 3.5A.

BUT always remember the IC will Never give you more than 12W output so whats the point of using a 3.5A supply? plus the whole point of this instructable is to make an amplifier, power supply is upto you people.
I personally didnt wanted to buy a new power supply so used the one that i made already.

HaythamL (author)usbg3rd2016-07-09

but what if they made it with 1A and the sound was bad they will not know why and they will blame you and the tda2003 to prevent that you should say prefer 2A-3.5A power suplies

just saying for your own good

usbg3rd (author)MegaRCGuy2016-03-08

Hi, I had this issue once. kindly check your volume control POT , C1 and ground . if any of these is faulty you wont be able to hear anything. as far as the the resistor issue is concerend its value is 39Ohm not 390Ohm so use 39 ohm resistor or anything close to 39.. What I suspect from the "DRRR" sound the issue is with your ground terminal it does not connect the IC's ground to Mp3 players ground ..

HaythamL (author)usbg3rd2016-07-04

is this IC i dont think a simple pot will do the trick i tryed in on my own before coming here and it didnt work you need some thing like this

MegaRCGuy (author)usbg3rd2016-03-09

thanks for your quick reply...
I found that I had soldered c1 reversed polarity. I corrected it. But the issue is same. Also I could realize that the 220ohm res was getting too hot. The pot works fine... How could I check the ground as you told above? Is my pcb the error? Or maybe the IC had blown out?
When I first turn the circuit on and touch the input wire with my hand, I hear the drrrrrrr sound. But after a few time, It also didn't work.... The issue is same...

usbg3rd (author)MegaRCGuy2016-03-10

No problem, see this image the GND terminals marked as "red Circles" make sure they are connected to the -ive terminal of the battery/supply (in short do a continuity test for all the GND but make sure u do it on the marked ones because they are must) even if this doesn't work try shorting the pins marked 2 and 3 of the potentiometer. marked in "blue circle". Its pretty normal for these IC's to blow up so make sure u don't solder it to the board instead use a connector like I did so that whenever it blows up just replace a new one. plus some people do mess up while they are soldering the IC to the board. one more thing use a heat sink with the IC too. its better.

MegaRCGuy (author)usbg3rd2016-03-21

Thanks for ur reply, but I could not get it to work. Can you pls send me the ready to etch pcb file (as an image in order to use toner transfer method), because I do not have proteus to open that file u have provided above. Maybe my pcb design is wrong... I'll give ur pcb design a try... Thanks

usbg3rd made it! (author)MegaRCGuy2016-03-22

First here is the link to proteus:

http://www.labcenter.com/download/prodemo_download...
its very easy as compared to any other simulator/PCB designer. It has a trial period so you dont have to buy it for some time and there are cracks available (which i dont support).
Second here are the files as per your request

M.S.V (author)2015-12-20

hi , if i connect a mic as a input to this amplifier and connecting a speaker to this amplifier as an output , can i hear my voice from that speaker ...!?

usbg3rd (author)M.S.V2015-12-20

yea, you will. It will be just like a loudspeaker :)

Abbas arshad (author)2015-12-16

can i use the mic circuit with tda2050 amp ...

usbg3rd (author)Abbas arshad2015-12-18

Hi Abbas yes you can use it with any amplifier its totally generic.

kavish laxkar (author)2015-10-06

can i add bluetooth to it.?

usbg3rd (author)kavish laxkar2015-10-07

Hi Kavish laxkar, yes you can add a bluetooth to it.

kavish laxkar (author)usbg3rd2015-10-12

how and wat colud be the circuit.?

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