loading
Picture of 1993 EX500 Race Bike - Complete Rebuild
Hey everyone, I picked up an 1993 EX500 in pretty rough shape at the beginning of last summer for a project bike and decided to document my progress. Here's the storyline of the complete overhaul, restoration and modifications.

It's a 1993 ex-race bike. It has an FZR600 front end and a 1986 ZX6 swingarm with an FZR600 18" rear wheel. The previous owner lost the ownership and the bike wasn't running when I got it but it would crank. It was a bit of a mess but I ended up getting the ownership for it and started the rebuild process.

Any feedback is appreciated!


Disclaimer: I should add that I am not a licensed mechanic just a backyard hobbyist. Read what you see here with that in mind. I assume no responsibility for your safety.
 
Remove these adsRemove these ads by Signing Up

Step 1: Step 1: Teardown

Picture of Step 1: Teardown
20110529202.jpg
20110511132.jpg
20110511133.jpg
The first thing I needed to do was tear the bike down to see exactly what I was working with. It was at this point that I realized how much of the bike wasn't stock.

It had:

FZR600 front end
1986 ZX6 swingarm
FZR600 18" rear wheel
Modified Subframe
Modified Electronics
Aftermarket Exhaust


Step 2: Step 2: The Chassis - Rear

After tearing the bike down I noticed how rough of a shape the rolling chassis was in. The swingarm had been fitted improperly and wasn't aligned, the dog bones had been cut and re-welded, and the front triple tree was bent.

After quite some research I found that the swingarm swap was a common one (although the 18" wheel in there wasn't) and found some information on how to do it properly. It turns out all the spacers needed were there but were just fitted in the wrong order.

Once I reinstalled everything in the right order and replaced the rear master cylinder and brake line the rear end was starting to look pretty good.

Step 3: Step 3: The Chassis- Front

On to the front end. Here we had the forks and wheel from an FZR600 and the original EX triple tree with the FZR step welded into it. In addition to this cacophony of parts, I noticed that the forks weren't parallel. Off comes the front end.

The first culprit was the triple tree. I was debating whether or not I should be trusting the welded stem when I realized that the lower triple was actually warped. This made my decision a bit easier and I tossed the whole thing. To replace it I decided to use a stock FZR triple tree and source the correct sized bearings to adapt it to the EX frame.

With all that installed I checked to see that everything was aligned and found that my forks were true and undamaged :)

Step 4: Step 4: The Engine

This was the most comprehensive top-end overhaul I had ever done. After reading a bit about these bikes I found out that they had a tendency to warp heads due to their thin design. What this meant was that if I planned on pulling the head it would have to be lapped. Since I had no idea what condition the engine was in I decided to go ahead with the whole top end rebuild including:

Cylinder lapping & Head lapping

Lapping involves using a lapping compound (abrasive paste) to bring the clearances between parts back to spec. For the cylinder and the head I used a large piece of scrap granite ($5 from a counter top installer) with a piece of plate glass on top (the flattest thing I could find within budget). I applied the compound to the glass plate and used that as my lapping surface. You're supposed to keep even pressure on the part you're working with and move it in a figure 8 pattern.

Valve Lapping
The valves are a bit easier. Just apply some lapping compound to the valve seat and twist the valve back-and-forth to re-cut a nice grove and improve the seal.
After doing this make sure to thoroughly wash all parts to remove all of the abrasive material. I found Varsol worked best.

Head gasket restoration
I had a head gasket that was in decent shape still so I just cleaned it up and reused it. I read a tip to spray paint both sides of the head gasket with some engine enamel to help create a slightly better seal. I'm not sure how accurate that is but I gave it a try.

Piston ring replacement
This is a fairly standard part of any top end rebuild. Replaced the piston rings with standard sized OEM rings.

Cylinder Honing
I took the cylinder to the shop to get it honed.

Valve clearance adjustment
The EX500 uses adjustable rockers rather than the bucket+shim setup I was used to. I'm not a big fan of this because I always feel like I'm off by a bit when making adjustments. Basically the idea here is to loosen the locking nut, adjust the rocker position and re-tighten the nut.

More notes in the pictures :)

Step 5: Step 5: Custom Tail

At this point the bike was running well and I had the integrity of the chassis sorted out. On to the cosmetic.

In my opinion, one of the ugliest things about the older generation of motorcycles is the fat tail fairing. I wanted to do something about this for my project.

First I removed everything in the rear that could get in the way of me cutting and welding (wiring, wheel, brake lines, electronics, etc.) With that stuff out of the way, I started marking off different possibilities for the tail. I quickly realized that simply cutting the existing fairing would not work so I divided the task into 2 parts: Subframe Modification and Fairing Design.

Custom Tail

I had never done any body work before so I was a bit apprehensive about diving into this head first but how else was I gonna learn :P I started with what I knew: Paper Mache! I bought some thin wire mesh that I cut and shaped into the generic shape that I wanted and coated it in a few layers of paper towels. Once I had a shape I liked I covered it in Bondo and started sanding away.
After the bondo phase I was left with a tail fairing that was close to what I wanted and weighed a ton. At this point I covered the whole thing in duct tape, coated that in some deodorant (cheap lubrication tip I picked up online to help separate the mold) and fibreglassed over top. At this point I just pulled out the mold from underneath the fibreglass (crushing it in the process) and was left with pretty much my final part.
This whole process involved a lot of experimenting and a LOT of work. I'm still not sure how to do this kind of thing properly but one suggestion I would make is to get one step perfect before moving on to the next. Little imperfections from the start build up rather than get cancelled out :(


Subframe Modification

This was the less reversible of the two tasks so I left it to the end. I basically just wanted to get rid of the lower subframe rails that sat reallly low (below the top of the rear tire even). I cut off the rear of the subframe, took out a section of the lower rail and rewelded them at a steeper angle to still support the weight of the rider.

Step 6: Step 6: Relocation

As a result of my custom tail I no longer had room for a LOT of stuff that was hidden under those huge panels. Time to relocate.

New Tail, New Tail Light

I had a sleek modern tail light lying around from another bike that I just knew I had to use. I fabbed up a few mounting tabs for it and it ended up working pretty well with the tail too.

Relocating Electronics

The biggest issue was relocating all the electronics that were previously under the seat, between the two subframe rails or tacked haphazardly onto the outside of the bike with no regards for aesthetics. I cut off all the previous mounts for them and started looking for new spots to put them. Most of them ended up going back under the seat but they did require a few extra support beams.

Relocating Everything Else

With the electronics sorted I still had a few more things to move around. Since I used the FZR triple the ignition switch no longer fit properly and the coolant reservoir had no chance of fitting under the tail. I managed to relocate the ignition switch between the rails of the frame but for the coolant reservoir I needed to come up with something new. I ended up using an aluminum water bottle with a couple of fittings. It's not the prettiest solution but it's not terrible either. It'll serve the purpose for now.
Finally I needed to modify the airbox a bit because it no longer fit between the subframe rails. I marked the spot where it interfered and cut the section off of the covers. I made up a few pieces to close off the hole from abs plastic and glued them in place.


Under tail + Dash

I had no intention of keeping the ugly stock dash, birdcage, headlight assembly so I started coming up with a few ideas for a replacement dash using some paper card. I never ended up completing this but here's how my final design looked. I intended to use one of the small, digital Trailtech Vapor gauges (heard nothing but good things about them).
Finally with all the subframe modifications I needed a new undertail to cover everything up from the elements. First experimenting with some paper card, I eventually transferred my design onto some light gauge steel sheet. In the end I was planning on getting one fabbed up using some thicker material or maybe fibreglass but I ended up moving and selling the bike before I was able to finish that.

Step 7: The End

Picture of The End
Well that pretty much summarizes my EX500 build/restoration. At this point I had a running bike on a nicely set up chassis. Considering the amount of modifications, it was a pretty unique bike too. Unfortunately I was moving and had run out of time to work on my project so I ended up selling it. Hopefully it's still out there somewhere in the hands of another gear head :)
MayM13 days ago
What size bearings did you for the fzr forks to seat properly into the ex500 frame?
spizzak (author)  MayM12 days ago

I can't remember the exact size, but I used this to figure it out: http://www.allballsracing.com/index.php/forkconversion

AndrewS432 months ago

thats a beauty

Ryburrr1 year ago

got a qustion for ya, when you relocated the ignition, how did you secure it? And did you need to cut/splice wires at all? Bike looks great, planning on a custom headlight situation, need that ig out of the way...

spizzak (author)  Ryburrr1 year ago

I drilled a hole where the steering column lock used to be an JB welded a nut in there. Then I added a bracket that I could bolt the ignition to.

I didn't need to cut any wires though. You should be able to get the ignition out and disconnect it from the main harness if you take enough of the surrounding parts off.

Awesome job. Great read. Inspired me to write up my fireblade 954 (cheap) streetfighter project. Ty
eauphalant2 years ago
How would you go about finding a cheap enduro? And what kinds of enduros do you think would be the cheapest that someone could also buy parts for it?
eauphalant2 years ago
So should I look a for new, used, or (in need of repair) enduro? My family has done a lot of racing and fixing cars so I could probably take a broken down motorcycle to them but i didn't know what you would possibly do in my situation. (I've been working on cars with my grandpa for a long time if that helps)
spizzak (author) 2 years ago
Hey thanks for reading. Based off that info I would say go with an enduro. They're cheap, light, easy to maneuver, durable, and easy to work on. Plus you can do some on road as well as off road riding. Sounds like it would right up your alley.
eauphalant2 years ago
Hi, I'm trying to going into a stage of looking at motorcycles for my first. I'm 17 years old and I was wondering what you might think i should get for a type of motorcycle. I'm 5'10" or 5'11", 116 pounds, and I would most likely use it for going everywhere that I possibly could go on it and would like to have fun doing more things on it like possibly either stunt or going offroad. I don't have any experience with motorcycles but some offroad experience on dirtbikes. Would you think it would be a bad thing if i were to buy a project bike off of someone as a first? I'm asking you because I can tell you actually know your stuff. By the way, you had a very nice instructables.
coptician2 years ago
Spizzak, you may be a "backyard mechanic", but it's obvious you love being one and have a heart to share that passion. You put as much work into this instructable as you did the bike build! There's lots of useful info there for anyone, regardless of the make/model of thier project. Great job!
russm3132 years ago
Great instructable! It was very detailed and informative. Nice pictures too. I really enjoyed reading through this. Thanks for sharing!
spizzak (author)  russm3132 years ago
Thanks for the reply, I'm glad you enjoyed it!