Instructables

2-channel Remote Control without IC[Good for helicopters!]

Picture of 2-channel Remote Control without IC[Good for helicopters!]
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This Instructable will show you how to make a 2-channel remote control which you can use for your remote control helicopters!
For a multi channel remote control, you can use a CD4017 both in the transmitter and the receiver circuits.
You will need:
2 555 timer ICs
2 10uf Capacitors
2 10k resistors
3 1k resistors
2 10nf capacitors
5 BC547 transistors
2 1N4148 diodes
some wires
A breadboard(it is good to first prototype it)
 
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Step 1: Clock circuit

Picture of Clock circuit
This part uses:
555 timer IC
10uf Capacitor
10nf capacitor
10k resistor
1k resistor

The frequency of the circuit will be 11.99 Hz. If you want to increase the frequency, reduce the resistance and capacitance and you will be done

This circuit's diagram is not by me. It is from :
http://freespace.virgin.net/matt.waite/resource/handy/pinouts/555/
It will also have a calculator to calculate the frequency of the circuit.

Also you will need to build one more for the receiver.

Step 2: NOT gate

Picture of NOT gate
Here i am going to show how to build the NOT gate.
This is the one which will be connected to the clock.

Step 3: The remaining circuit (transmitter)

Picture of The remaining circuit (transmitter)
the clock there is the output pin(3) of the clock circuit
input1 and input2 are the inputs you want to give signal inputs to.
and the right end is the output wire. That's the wire where we are going to transmit the signal. connect it to any oscillator or an ir led.

Step 4: The receiver

Picture of the receiver
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Do as shown in this schematic. Now you can try connecting an SCR from the clock to the first transistor for synchronization. That works-- of course!

I hope y'all will be happy with your new circuit!

Don't worry, it surely works!

I will post the proof video soon[i find it hard to upload my video because it is big]

Thank you for reading this instructable!

when i insert not gate,in either transmitter or reciever: circuit does not works. can you please tell me what to do.

(i am grounding all pins to same termial, is it something to do with it?)

maybe the current in your NOT gate might be very low... if you think your not gate is working, then try increasing the bus current... are you a starter in electronics? if so, i could help you with better diagrams...

Hey, really cool build.
I wonder, for the not gate, If i used a cmos inverter to save power, would that work the same way?
Thanks

I am not really sure about how the CMOS inverter works, from the word 'inverter' I guess that it inverts the signal...(the signal shouldn't go all the way negative... if that happens, your circuit will get destroyed, be careful) try it wit simpler circuits... i could happen

fahadshihab (author)  evildoctorbluetooth8 months ago
anything will do... provided that the stuff inverts the signal...

is there only one transistor in transmitter part.i am asking because i am unable to understand input 2 symbol. is it a transistor or a push button.i'm new to circuits, so kindly help me.

fahadshihab (author)  mabdullah257 days ago

actually this one is for those who are beginners to electronics, but sorry, i became too technical...

Input 2 can be any signal, from your audio, or anything else...

the diagrams below will help you a lot...

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etopsirhc8 months ago
while it appears posible to make a 2.4ghz one ( based off the calculator mentioned, and 2ohm resistance at r1/r2 and a .1nf cap ) would it actually work using this method or would it require some diffrent parts? cause the seconds it takes for a full signal is roughly 4.16*10^-10 or 0.000,000,000,416 .
fahadshihab (author)  etopsirhc7 months ago

Well, it requires a better transistor, probably a Gunn diode also... for the high frequency. Theoretically it will work, but the values predicted by theories is not always same as reality.

Could you explain how do you synchronize clocks in transmitter and receiver?
fahadshihab (author)  mpaškevičius8 months ago
When a signal comes from the antenna, the signal will go to an SCR. then the SCR will turn on with this signal. As it turns on, it turns on the 555 timer and thus, the synchronising circuit works this way.
fahadshihab (author)  mpaškevičius8 months ago
You will need a SCR(silicon control rectifier) part no. 2N5060 to make the sync circuit.
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fahadshihab (author)  fahadshihab8 months ago
the receiver with SCR schematic is shown in the last page!
fahadshihab (author)  fahadshihab8 months ago
the receiver with SCR schematic is shown in the last page!
I'm also wondering; you need a "SCR" (System Clock Reference).
When you're on your workbench: it is a wire. When you have to do it remotely, it needs some more complicated device... Then this tutorial looks like explaining some McGyver trick you can do... provided you have a nuclear rocket in your workshop. It will surely work !
Very cool, I love projects that get down the the roots of a technology. It's cool that you can buy a board with an 1GHz micro-controller on it, and plug in modules for GPS, Wifi, touchscreens and whatever else you like, but it's a lot of fun and very educational to look at the basics sometimes.