30 Minute USB Microscope

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Introduction: 30 Minute USB Microscope

i got a new digital camera today and i felt like posting something..

heres a medium-resolution usb microsope i made for under $100 in parts (if you bought them new), had most of this around already and made a new tool :)

parts:
1 radioshack pocket scope
1 white led
1 logitech notebook pro quickcam (zeiss lens)
30 awg wire
heatshrink or black tape
hotglue gun (or whatever appropriate glue your prefer)

(cheap plug) http://www.makenyc.org/

Step 1: Modify the Microscope

this is pretty easy, the microscope comes with an incandecent bulb which is normally powered by 2 1.5v AAA batteries, just rip these all out and replace the light with a single white LED and extend its leads up through the case using the 30awg wire..

use your heatshink/tape here to insulate the leads.

test your light with a battery and make note of which lead is the anode/cathode.

on the camera board there is a small (freaking bright) orange led, *carefully* remove it, and wire the leads from our white LED in its place, with this camera the LED is under software control, usb provides all the power. make sure these leads have plenty of slack.

be generous with the hot glue to help act as strain relief on the wires; also be careful positioning the white led so that it points generally where the camera lens points

Step 2: Remove Plastic Packaging From the Camera

you might be able to do this without taking it apart, but.. mine was already apart and things went well..

but from what i remember there is a metal shield with the logitech logo on it, if you pry that up and away from the glue, theres a single screw holding the entire case together..

Step 3: Assembly!

ok, if you have the led wired in well put the microscope back together (you didnt lose those screws did you?)

next remove the little rubber bit from the microscope eyepiece, notice that that inside edge of the eye piece has a graduated cone shape, this will help the camera fit square on, it might even help to do this with the camera connected so you get the camera mounted to the microscope nice and square.

a nice ring of hot glue around the remaining microscope will help mount the lens of the camera to the microscope eyepiece without getting any glue anywhere near the lenses.

Step 4: Make a Base

so, now this thing is really really lite, so i glued a couple neodymium magnets to the bottom and created a wood base with a chunk of scrap metal on it.

the idea here is that the magnet will easily slide but otherwise wont move; which is an otherwise frustrating problem with tiny tiny things..

Step 5: Take Some Pics!

so, now take some pics.. i took a few pics of things you might have arounds so you can get a sense of how much things get magnified..

one really neat thing i had around was a piece of core memory from an old CDC-6600 machine (classic machine nuts can begin going crazy now)

so below you can see a broad picture of the board, and the other picture which is a close up of the torriod and wire mesh that make up the memory cells


since the camera is a 2 megapixel camera its got pretty good resolution, the software logitech makes for it seems like it was made for the job. and the zeis lens has an electromechanical focus that seems to adjust to the bizarre focal length we have here.

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44 Comments

AMAZING core memory ! never have seen one in real world !!!

It's only on books and I am 57 years old!!!

Be prepared for my microscope posting development....

coming soon...

nice job. where did you get core memory? it's awesome...

got it from the secret place where old super computers go to die.. warning: this will make you sad http://www.stonedcoder.org/~phar/cdc6600/

dont forget to thank this waste of skin spammer by calling them at 281-466-4326.. and 281-353-4804!

I have a 12MP camera with a built in battery that died, it also doubled as a web cam, would make a great USB Microsope.. :) Just have to figure out how to get it to work without a battery or with a new power source.

You should be able to usethe optical sensor but if i were you id try building a power supply. Just the right bridge rectifier could do it (dangerously). A wallmart (scavenged plugin power supply) and a rectifier should do it. I never throw away a power supply anymore.

Don't try that! The built in battery is max 5V but a plugin power supply can give out from 5-24V AC/DC, and the bridge rectifier is not enough you also need a big cap, to stabilize the voltage, after that you should put a voltage regulator like 78m05 for 5 volts etc.

... internal battery? is it just a lithium poly that wont charge? if so its easy enough to replace the battery yourself, you'll need to check the battery package to verify its a 3.7v "single cell"

digikey/mouser will have a LiPo battery that will fit where the old one did, just be sure that the "mAh" (amp hours) rating matches up so that you get the same battery life.. getting greedy and getting more mAh's may work, or you may get a battery too thick to fit back into the case.

and if you just wanted to hardwire it for webcam use, i would recommend a 3.3v ) regulator fead from the USB +VBUS signal, i should be fine up to ~150mA
 
.. i know its a rant, but im bored!
 

not being picky just clarifying for other readers... Walmart = Wall Wart = big old hunk of ac/dc converter that sticks out of the wall plug like a "wart"