The Open Reflex, a research about desktop 3D printing, open design and hacking.
100% Open-Source ! Fell free to copy, understand, improve then share again !

RIGHT NOW ON KISSKISSBANKBANK (french Kickstarter-like) !

Help me to make an improved V2 !

Pledge here : OpenReflexV2 !

The OpenReflex is an Open-Source analog camera with a mirror Viewfinder and an awesome finger activated mechanic shutter (running ~ 1/60°s). What's more, it's compatible with any photographic lens with custom mount ring.
All the pieces easily printable on an recent RepRap-like ABS 3D-printer without using support material ! Everything should print in less than 15h and anyone should be able to assemble it within 1h.
All parts are separate ( Film receiver, Shutter and Viewfinder ) to simplify builds and modifications.
The source files are available under the CreativeCommon By-Sa license, fell free to modify them if you want a new feature, and don't forget to share your improvements on the web ;)

The Thingiverse copy is online, if you wanna share your remixed version.

The WIP is available on my blog : http://leomarius.com/blog [fr]

This project is the continuation of my 3D-Printed Pinhole Box I made 2 years ago with an first gen Makerbot.

I'd like to buy one ? You can't for the moment, but if there is enough interested peoples to buy it I'll maybe launch a little batch on a crowd-funding platform (probably around 50€ the camera). Please send me a private message if you'd like to get one and I'll keep you in touch. [will be an updated version even better!]

For the 3D-Printing Contest : This camera is the result of my graduation project, i made it using my school's 3D printer. Now that I'm graduated I can't use it anymore. So I'd really like to get my own 3D printer in order to be able to improve this project and start new ones! [Ps : I got an adress in Belgium]

For the Epilog Contest : For this project I was lucky enough to have 3D Printer at my disposal. I enjoyed tinkering with it, always trying to improve the quality of what I was printing. If I had a laser cutter I'd do the same thing, trying to get the most I can from my tools and making a lot of amazing projects with them! What's more, as i'm part of a hacker student association called Le_Garage, i'd share the laser cutter with my friends so it can be used up to its full potential.

For all the enthusiast readers : As you may notice, English isn't my native language and I still have a few difficulties to write. I have made a wiki [HERE] with a copy of all those texts, if you wish, feel free to make some corrections and I'll copy it here. We can all improve if we collaborate ! ^^

Further Improvement : I'm working on an illustrated step by step guide for this project, will be ready in the next few weeks.
I'll add here soon the "Arduino test bench shutter" that allow to measure your shutter speed ; the "PhotoBomb special Back" that add some specials guests on your films and also the "AP-Lens special mount" for a full DIY camera.

Note : Still missing the dxf and openscad files, I'll upload the in the week-end and I'll add much better pictures of the project Monday.

© Pictures 1 and 2 by S.Binoux for the ESADSE.

Step 1: OpenReflex (OR-01)

The Camera  is build in three distinct parts with their own precise function :

The Film receiver : Will carry the film (35mm) and allow to unwind it.
The Shutter : A fast shutter that will expose your film at around 1/60°s.
The Viewfinder : Allow you to mount your lens and make a preview of your framings and focus.

Everything you'll need to make the camera is listed beneath :

You'll need the following tools. I made sure i only used things anyone can find in the nearest fablab.

A recent RepRap-like 3D-Printer, prefer one that can print ABS [I used a MakerBot Replicator2X],
A CNC cutting tool (Vinyl cutter or Laser cutter) [I used a Silouhette Cameo plotter and an Epilog Lasercutter],
A glass-cutter,
A screwdriver,
An allen key,
Some glasspaper.

And you'll need to buy the following stuff :

~250g black ABS                               7€
3 M3 bearing                                      3€
Some M3 screw and bolts
1 Black PET 0.3mm sheet [plastic spacer]
1 Clear translucent plastic sheet
1 Little piece of mirror 1.5mm thick
16 3mm cubic magnete                     3€~
1 Finger Skate truck                          5€
1 Black Sugru sachet                        3€~

You should be able to get all of this for less than 25€.

OpenReflex (click to view in 3D)


<p>The wiki document you have provided shows 404.</p><p>So, does this camera run on old fashioned camera film roll or what? Kinda looks like that judging from the exterior design. I guess vintage cameras will be the next trend, am I right?</p>
<p>Picture quality depend of the lens and it's critical to adapt the flange focal distance if you are using an other brand lens (I build mine for Nikon).</p><p>If this seeting isnt right you will not be able to make the focus on your picture. And it's usefull to have a sensor too. ;)</p><p>Here for exemple a video of a workshop where they build some OpenReflex, at the end you can see some pictures : </p><p><iframe allowfullscreen="" frameborder="0" height="281" src="//www.youtube.com/embed/ltquRyotzMM" width="500"></iframe><br>Ps : I'm working on a V2, got a dead line for end of June, maybe you could wait a bit if you want to build your own. ;) It should be more efficient, cheaper and easier to use.</p>
Thanks! Perfect! I'll wait... as I still don't have my 3d printer ?
Hi! I'm interested in this and i would like to know if someone has done this camera, if so, i would like to know what is the quality of the image if it depends on the lenses or what.<br><br>Thanks. Diego
<p>Nikon SLRs have had essentially the same mount for ~50 years. Any older <br> Nikon lens with a manual focus and aperture ring should work. Newer <br>lenses often have no manual control over aperture size, which is a <br>problem for a full manual camera such as this one. <br>There are adapters for Canon EF to Nikon F mount, and they vary from a <br>metal plate (cheap) to adapters with onboard electronics. Googling the <br>type of conversion you're looking for should pop up the proper results. <br> Bear in mind that this camera does not support the electronics, so you <br>only need the most basic of adapters. <br>(I realize it's been 8 months since your post, but hopefully this <br>information is still helpful)</p>
<p>Shutter.svg can't be found. Can you upload that file again?</p>
<p>3D printing a camera, a bit like a robot building a car.</p>
<p>ironic isn't it!</p>
I'll make it as soon as I make my first 3D printer, it's very cool. Just wondering, why do you have black and white pictures ?
<p>I used black and white film ;)<br>Do not worry, It work the same with color film.</p>
<p>Awesome idea. Got to try this</p>
This is so cool!
<p>Agreed, it's awesome!</p>
Hey, just wanted to ask again. Can you share the shutter .svg file? And, what is this piece? It isnt explained in any description. Is it made out of PET as well? <br>I would appreciate any help. I am almost done building one. <br> <br>Link to piece: <br>http://www.instructables.com/files/deriv/FSU/FFYL/HKVKWZXV/FSUFFYLHKVKWZXV.LARGE.jpg
Just wanted to check on the the shutter .svg file. Can you upload it please?
Hi,<br>I have this in mind. Try to upload it soon.<br>Actually I never edit a final version of it, always use routh finished with a cut...<br>Made of PET too, it's the fast mobile part which gonna make the exposure.
Hi, sorry, I was very busy and forgot your message. <br>For the black PET sheet, i get it from this kind of furniture : http://www.rentreepleinciel.fr/img/p/2650574.jpg <br>And for the missing file I just upload it [back-shutter.svg]. (I cut mine with only scissors and no shape, I never try this file)
Thanks, however, I did not want the &quot;back-shutter.svg&quot;. I wanted the Shutter.svg--the piece that attaches to the shutter wheel. <br> <br>Thanks again for your help.
Cool camera!!! Awesome project!!!
The 3D printer also untold success or failure, but it is the future trend of development, have great potential for development. Making something, it is far better than the traditional manufacturing process. But there needs to be further development of new features, the types of making things more diversity, further improve the price.Interested in 3D print can log onto the http://goo.gl/2wt6LU or http://shop.lxmaker.com/ view details.
3D printer just to market is relatively expensive, after all, is a technology that has just started, manufacturing cost is relatively high, after a period of time,technology is more and more popular, the price drop. Consumers consider theother countries of the brand, the price is relatively low, such as LXMaker.Interested in 3D print can log onto the http://goo.gl/6l6j29 or http://goo.gl/2wt6LU view details.
Great project! I am unable to find a Black PET 0.3mm sheet [plastic spacer]. Can someone recommend a place where I can order one? Also, I do not see the Shutter.svg file, could you possibly post it? I'm assuming the cutting of this was done by a laser cutter, right? Also, what is piece in The Back section right above the screws made out of and how is it made? <br>http://www.instructables.com/files/deriv/FSU/FFYL/HKVKWZXV/FSUFFYLHKVKWZXV.THUMB.jpg <br> Thanks!!!
I like it... but since I use a digital camera I would be more interested in printed adapter rings to make it possible to use various brands of lenses on my camera or even homemade lenses
This is so great, do you think this could be modified to carry 120 film? i may poke at your model files :D <br />
Yes, and 120 back shouldnt be hard to do, but the shutter apperture is too small fot having a good use of it. <br>I'll probably work on an updated version for an crowdfunding campain (mid september) with an biggest shutter (probably around 40x40mm, I have to chose betwin camera size and shutter).
Great idea, great Project. Voted, and gone to the Blog: <br>http://faz-voce-mesmo.blogspot.pt/2013/07/drone-voce-mesmo-e-variantes-num.html
DUDE!.... Way to Go.. Fantastic Project. <br> <br>You Da Man... Can't wait to see more... Bravo.
Leo we're all in awe of this, such a fantastic project! You've totally inspired us to print and make one ourselves. We have so many questions. Can you drop us a line david@sugru.com let's talk! :)
&quot;I envy you..&quot; <br>says my D3100
wow, awesome, already have a whole bunch of ideas, for example medium format ;) <br>and quick question, does camera exposes only 35mm frame, or also perforated part of film?
Medium format could be an nice fork, but need a much larger shutter. (maybe another design?) <br>For the moment it expose the 35mm frame and a bit of the perforated parts. But you can easy expose all the film if you change the back and the shutter frame. (really easy) <br>Just have to care about the shutter perforations that could be a light problem....
cool <br> <br>
L&eacute;o! Your work is totally inspiring! It is a joy to see how you combined good old analogue photo technology with modern 3D printing. <br> <br>Thanks for sharing this with the world on a open source license! It will for sure infect others and inspire them to work as you do. <br> <br>:)
cool i like p :)
Really amazing. Wish you had entered this in to a comp I would have voted for you
Thanks redfoxtrystman for your enthusiasm ! <br>I did, I'm waiting for the entry confirmation. You'll be able to vote soon I hope. ;)
you can vote now, I did :) <br>
you can vote now, I did :) <br>
Thats a very interesting shutter design, quite clever. Couple questions; <br> <br>Do you ever get light leaks through the shutter film piece? If you leave the lens cap off? <br> <br>Do you have a hard time rapidly pressing that shutter rod down while also holding the camera steady? I imagine this could be an issue right? <br> <br>Amazing project. I have been thinking of doing a 3D printed camera but the issues of a fast shutter were keeping me at square zero on a design.
Hi, the shutter piece is 0.3mm PET black sheet, and is perfectly light proof, haven't get issue from this. The problem i have for the moment is the shutter is to short and when i load it to fast, it just go to far (with wheel inertia) and expose a part of my film... Just have to make a shutter a bit longer to solve this. <br> <br>For the trembling issues, for sure, when you can fix the camera somewhere it's always better. But I also try to take some pictures standing with camera on my hands and it's not thats trembling... While you're using short focal lens (no more than 70mm) it should not be problematic. The camera is trembling a lot when the shutter rod reaches the end of travel but the picture is already in the box at this moment. ;) <br> <br>If i get the occasion to work more on this the next main upgrade should be a spring to replace the finger push, should be much more regular and less trembling ! <br> <br>Agree, the fast shutter in printed plastic was an problematic issue ! ^^ If you want to do your own camera and use this shutter I please you ! :)
What is this &quot;film&quot; thing of which you speak?
Thanks all for your enthusiasms ! That always pleases. :)
While some people say &quot;Smooth and Glassy is THE way to do it.&quot;, <br> <br>I say, I like TEXTURE and GRIP. <br> <br>I like painting timber with shellac, using a brush and NOT sanding down the raised grain - because I like the grip more, than I like the glassy finish. <br> <br>Same goes for this camera. <br>
You've inspired me, but i think i'm gonna do something where i use the guts of a camera and modify it to add things. Mainly preloaded film packs.
Amazing, can you make a Leica M-mount version?
A Leica M-mount should not be difficult to do but the problem is those lens have a very short <a href="http://camera-wiki.org/wiki/Lens_mounts" rel="nofollow">Flange focal distance</a>.&nbsp; (the optimal distance between the lens flange and the film)<br> So if I do an M-Mount version I'll have to remove the mirror and the viewer to be close enough to the film... Ps : the M-mount is one of the reasons I separate the viewer of the Shutter.
Simply awesome.
Your English is fine!!
great stuff Leo! two thumbs up. I'm looking forward to trying your camera now the exams are over.

About This Instructable


395 favorites


Bio: Freshly graduated designer. Interested in hacking, 3D printing, interactive design and games ! Interested ? I'm looking for job. ;)
More by LeoMarius: Advanced cookies cutter generator 3D Printed Camera : OpenReflex
Add instructable to: