My housemate, Zarinah, who happens to be a neuroscientist, consulted me about how to make tools that no one would know the use of. My first thought was to hack together different things to create weird/random tools. Upon further investigation, it turned out she wanted two sets of MRI compatible tools (meaning they could not have any metal in them). The first set were replicas of existing, everyday tools that most people use. The second set were replicas of existing tools that were unfamiliar to most people. So my dream of hacking wild and crazy tools was broken.

So why do we need MRI compatible tools? There is a disability called apraxia in which people cannot execute motor skills . Their brains cannot communicate with their limbs. Apraxia is often caused by stroke but it can also be genetically passed down. These patients know what the tools are and how they are used, and can describe how to use them, but when they are handed the tool, they end up using it incorrectly. For example when handed a toothbrush, they brush their hair, or when handed a hammer, they put it in their mouth.

I suggested to her that we 3D print the tools. This would be perfect because it is possible to create exact replicas of things and 3D print them, and since they are plastic they are completely MRI compatible.

Step 1:

I started with the familiar tools first. Some videos of how they were modeled can be found here, here and here. I had to be careful about material thicknesses since the original tools were made out of metal and so they were much stronger at thinner thicknesses. With the pliers, I was able to model them so that they printed in one piece but still functioned mechanically.

Step 2:

For the unfamiliar tools, I sat down with Zarinah to search the world wide web for unfamiliar tools. This was actually quite challenging. The tools had to be a certain size, since they had to fit in the printer, and they also had to have simple functions since the patient would be using them inside the MRI scanner.

What does each tool do? (from left to right, top to bottom)
Garlic press
Boot hook (for removing boots)
Reamer (for making holes wider)
Paint Scraper (for scraping paint off walls)
Pot Lid Holder (for lifting and holding old-fashioned pot lids)
Chip-Chop (for breaking up ice in cocktails)
Leather Prick (for making indents in leather)
Cigar box Opener
Acrylic Cutter (for cutting sheets of plastic)

Step 3: MRI Studies!

Now that all the tools are printed, Zarinah will be testing non-apraxia people to see how their brains work when they are using tools. If non-apraxia effected parts of their brain are being using during tool use, those parts of the brain could be stimulated and possibly help apraxia patients relearn how to use tools.

<p>I see kewpiedoll99's point about there not being much intruction. However, as a 3d artist, who is married to a pediatric therapist that works with kids with apraxia and other disabilities, I think this is really cool. I already know how to model and print in 3d and I liked this kind of a high level overview. I am always trying to convince my wife to start a business together making therapy materials for kids using 3d printing. It's cool to see another 3d artist using their skills to cross into other fields in a practical way, and not just making pretty pictures. Thanks for sharing.</p>
<p>This is excellent. I have just sent your url to the Society of Radiographers so they can share it with my MRI collegues.</p>
Ok, this is brilliant. I wish more scientists would look outside of their immediate peer groups to find solutions to problems.
<p>Regarding MRI and 3D Printing. Since most MRIs can be fully LOAD on DVD and <br>all you have to do is ask the MRI Company for a DVD of all the MRI Scanning <br>would you be able to use that to start as the basic Input, I know you may need <br>or may not need, to run it through a computerized AUTO-CAD or drafting or <br>modeling design program, which are getting easier and cheaper? Now <br>it would seem to me that there is a Business opportunity here. If you have <br>detailed MRI, or for that matter PET Scans, or CT Scans, or even say multi angle <br>x-rays such as dental or other, that then a 3D Printer would make a much more <br>detailed way to say a doctor, surgeon, dentist (and they do have CNC Dental <br>machines to make Ceramic teeth, crowns, etc., this would most likely allow <br>anyone from doctors, dentists, surgeons to have a much more detailed perspective, <br>including the patient, or a teacher and student, on actual live cases say <br>determine fit, or visualize damage, or understand, design like I have fused vertebrae&rsquo;s <br>and was one of the first to do all the titanium plates, screws, bone graphs, procedures, <br>etc. I was terrified when they in general, very general, explain (not in <br>great detail) though I can read a MRI as well as the surgeon, and that was <br>his comment as I was looking at it and started pointing and saying this is damaged <br>and why, he was not known for being out-going or having good <br>&quot;bed-side manner&quot; but he started discussing then in detail as said <br>you can read the film as well as I can. But it would have sure been easier <br>to have a 3D model of my vertebras and spinal cord and canal and disk, then the <br>various steps to show what was going to be done to me. Before the surgeon <br>a friend that worked in the operating room knew I was terrified as my options <br>were die or be a quadriplegic the two most likely out comes, though they were <br>trying to prevent those. Had the head of Nero-surgery, was not even in <br>the same state where my surgery or same company of hospitals, call me and <br>explain a lot more than my doctor did.</p><p>But with the advancements you could literally enlarge if you needed a more <br>detail physical look, or actual size to pre pare or prepare parts for things <br>things before the surgery, or for that matter try other technics or procedure <br>to see which provided the best results such s relieving pressure on the spinal <br>cord or optimizing vertebrae repair or size for preparing the bone-graphs. <br>Thus fairly inexpensive determine the best method and prepare a lot of the <br>pieces before you are actually in the middle of the surgery. I know it <br>would have made me feel a lot better to ay the doctor basically assembly the problem <br>in pieces showing me in detail then also the work to be done as you do not get <br>pictures prework so making it a lot more quicker in surgery and more understandable <br>to the layman. Architects for decades had used hand made models; many are <br>now using 3D Printers for modeling to present to clients to banks for <br>financing.</p><p>Such as they make metal 3D printers, I know expensive still as they micro <br>dust metal and lasers to literally melt/weld the thin layers together what <br>about advances in say advanced ceramics like Zircon. Aluminum Silicates, Boron <br>Nitrates, and other ceramic materials, etc., based parts as if can also in an <br>inert atmosphere add say carbon fiber thus creating a ceramic composite, hard <br>and strong so crack resistant and wear resistant, same would work with metal composites, actual <br>create some extremely interesting parts such as say the turbines in a <br>turbocharges well ceramics can withstand a lot higher temperature than metals, <br>or for that mater inserts such as engine sleeves or ceramic coating combustion chambers <br>and valves and exhaust ports thus able to utilize higher temperatures thus <br>release more power as well as well say pollution for a simple example in a <br>diesel engine exhaust you have the particulate particle device that literally <br>burns up the former black soothe that used to be one of a diesel engines major <br>issues, same for a unburned or partially burned hydrocarbon higher temperature <br>helps totally consume thus less pollution and higher power realization, and <br>also ceramics make excellent heat shields and the wear as harder than many/most <br>metals thus able to make lighter thus better performance and lower <br>weight. It would seem that 3D Ceramic Printers should be available but I <br>have yet to find one even on a prototype phase though they have commercial <br>metal 3D Printers.</p><p>Basically I am talking about mass produced customization also.</p><p>So I see several different types of potential based businesses.</p><p>All Ideas, mentioned, and/or procedures are Copyrighted and in patented, or <br>patent pending phase.Others may not <br>utilize these ideas unless willing to collaborate on joint development must be agreed <br>to in writing by myself, my company(ies), or licensed users, within the scope <br>of their license.Owner Michael D. <br>Gillespie, etal.</p>
<p>When I read that Zarinah was into brains and mri, I came to a really silly conclusion before reading 3 sentences....</p><p>Printed tools to poke and prod a brain while in the mri machine!! ARGH WTF DOES THE SPIKY ONE DO! </p>
<p>this is an interesting article, and i applaud your actions. but this not a particularly good or useful *Instructable*. no information is provided here (as opposed to in links out to other i'bles, etc.) on how to do any of the steps you described. i don't think Instructables.com is the right platform for this piece.</p>
<p>I agree that this may not be the perfect instructable since not everyone has access to 3D printers and MRI scanners.</p><p>However, I did make videos on how to 3D model some of the tools and those instructables are linked.</p>
I'm sorry to be critical, but what I object to is the fact that you have absolutely no *instructions* in this instructable. I did not review those other instructables; they may be fine. But this instructable doesn't provide any instruction.<br> <br> I don't think there's anything wrong with i'bles that deal with 3D printers or MRI scanners; that's not my point at all. There are lots of i'bles that deal with all manner of tools that lots of people don't have. If that were a criterion there would be hardly any content on the site.
<p>What would really be needed, though, are unfamiliar tasks <em>for performing familiar tasks</em>, since the familiarity of the task itself might actually be the main difference, not the tool. The only such tools I can think of are the tooth scraper and sanding sponge, but there are probably others.</p>
<p>So what were the 'unfamiliar' tools you ended up making?</p>
When I first saw this I thought you were making surgical tools to operate on the patients themselves lol. This would be great for the clinical engineers/biomeds that have to work on the machine itself.
<p>Thanks for all the comments guys! Will edit the instructable to add what each unfamiliar tool is :)</p>
R u using a eos Teflon 12 and a 3d systems stereo lithographery system. It's very cool indeed
<p>Thanks! I used a Connex Objet 500. It uses polyjet printing, basically plastic resins which are cured by UV.</p>
This is awesome! I've always wanted to be a Guinea pig for the MRI &amp; FMRI so I could see how my brain works &amp; help others in the process. I used to give blood &amp; can't anymore, so I keep trying to find ways I can help out on studies, but I never qualify for them. :-( Giving blood made me feel like I was at least doing something to help others. Just like to feel that way again.
What an awesome concept! And a clever solution that will hopefully help researchers discover ways of helping people with apraxia
<p>The first one looks like a garlic press, the type you press over the clove :)</p>
<p>I'm curious what these uncommon tools are used for. Care to enlighten me?</p>
Great set of unusual tools! The only one I recognise is the reamer. :)

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More by ewatanabe:3D Printing MRI Compatible Tools for Apraxia Study Silicone-like material prototyped on a 3D printer 3D Printed Mechanical Sculpture 
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