Introduction: 4x4x4 LED Cube

Picture of 4x4x4 LED Cube

I'm going to show you how to make a 4x4x4 led cube controlled by an arduino duemilanove.

PARTS:
arduino duemilanove
64 LEDS (color doesn't matter)
prototyping board
wire
100 ohm resistors (you need 16 of them)
soldering iron and solder

Step 1: Making a Template

Picture of Making a Template

Get a piece of scrap wood and drill 16 evenly spaced holes into it. The spacing depends on the length of your LED leads. Drill the holes big enough to fit the LED into it. I used a piece of pegboard.

Step 2: Solder All Negatives Together

Picture of Solder All Negatives Together

Bend over the negative lead so it is touching the negative lead of the next LED beside it. Solder all negatives together in one layer but be sure not to bend the positive leads over or get solder on them. Repeat this process 3 more times so you end up with 4 seperate layers.


Step 3: Solder All Positives Together

Picture of Solder All Positives Together

Now that you have 4 seperate layers, take one of them and insert it back into the template. Now with the positive leads sticking straight up, get another layer and place it on top of the one in the template. Connect the two together by soldering the positives together in a column. Do not solder anything to the negatives you have already soldered together. Repeat this process for the remainder of the layers until you have the cube built.

Step 4: Wiring

Picture of Wiring

Now theres a lot of wires to connect so make sure you put every one in the right spot. Insert your newly constructed cube into your protoboard and solder the positive leads from the columns in. Beside each lead that you just soldered in, insert a 100 ohm resistor and solder one end of it to the lead. The other end of the resistor has a wire connected to it that will later connect to your arduino. There will end up being 16 of these. Now you will need to solder a wire to the middle of any negative in the top row of your cube and do this for all four of the layers. There will be 4 of these. 

Step 5: Connections to the Arduino

Picture of Connections to the Arduino

positive leads from columns go to arduino pins 0-15 in order of LED columns
negatige leads from layers go to arduino pins 16-19

the Arduino only has14 I/O pins but the 6 analog pins can also be used as pins 15,16,17,18,19, and 20. Good tip to remember when wiring it all up. So if you use all of the ins there will be 20 which is what we need.

 

Step 6: Programming

Picture of Programming

Here is a code that you can start off using then modify to your own likings.
copy and paste it all onto the arduino window but dont modify it unless you
are experienced at arduino programming!


#include <avr/pgmspace.h> // allows use of PROGMEM to store patterns in flash

#define CUBESIZE 4
#define PLANESIZE CUBESIZE*CUBESIZE
#define PLANETIME 3333 // time each plane is displayed in us -> 100 Hz refresh
#define TIMECONST 20 // multiplies DisplayTime to get ms - why not =100?

// LED Pattern Table in PROGMEM - last column is display time in 100ms units
// TODO this could be a lot more compact but not with binary pattern representation
prog_uchar PROGMEM PatternTable[] = {
// blink on and off

B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0011,B0010,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0010,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0011,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0011,B0111,B0000,B0001,B0011,B0111,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0011,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0111,B0111,B0000,B0011,B0111,B0111,B0000,B0001,B0011,B0111,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0111,B0111,B0111,B0000,B0111,B0111,B0111,B0000,B0011,B0111,B0111,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0111,B0111,B0111,B0000,B0111,B0111,B0111,B0000,B0111,B0111,B0111,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,10,
B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1100,B1110,B1110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B1110,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1100,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1000,B1100,B1110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B1100,B1110,B1110,B0000,B1000,B1100,B1110,B0000,B0000,B1000,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B1000,B1100,B1110,B0000,B0000,B1000,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B1000,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B1000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B1000,B1000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1000,B1000,B1000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1100,B1000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1110,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0010,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0010,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0001,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0001,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0000,B0000,B1000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B1100,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1110,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0001,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0111,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1110,B1000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1100,B1100,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B1110,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1111,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0111,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0011,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,10,
B0001,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0011,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0111,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B0001,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B0011,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B0111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1110,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0111,B0111,B0111,B0111,B1000,B1000,B1000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0011,B0011,B0011,B0011,B0100,B0100,B0100,B0100,B1000,B1000,B1000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0010,B0010,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0100,B0100,B1000,B1000,B1000,B1000,10,
B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0010,B0010,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0100,B0100,10,
B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0010,B0010,B0010,B0010,10,
B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0001,10,
B0010,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0010,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0010,B0001,B0001,B0001,B0010,B0001,B0001,B0001,10,
B0100,B0010,B0001,B0001,B0100,B0010,B0001,B0001,B0100,B0010,B0001,B0001,B0100,B0010,B0001,B0001,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,10,
B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,10,
B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,10,
B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,10,
B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,10,
B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,10,
B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,B0100,B0100,B0010,B0010,10,
B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,B1000,B0100,B0010,B0001,10,
B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,B0000,B1100,B0011,B0000,10,
B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,B0000,B0011,B1100,B0000,10,
B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0000,B0010,B0100,B0000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0010,B0100,B0000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0010,B0100,B0000,B0001,B0010,B0100,B1000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0010,B0100,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0010,B0000,B1000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0010,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0010,B1000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0010,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0010,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0010,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0010,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0010,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B1000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0100,B0010,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0100,B0010,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1001,B0110,B0110,B1001,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0100,B0010,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1101,B0111,B1110,B1011,B1001,B0110,B0110,B1001,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,B0000,B0100,B0010,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1101,B0111,B1110,B1011,B1001,B0110,B0110,B1001,B0000,B0110,B0110,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1101,B0111,B1110,B1011,B1001,B0110,B0110,B1001,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1101,B0111,B1110,B1011,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B1111,B1111,B1111,B1111,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,
B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,B0000,10,


// this is a dummy element for end of table (duration=0) aka !!!DO NOT TOUCH!!!
B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, B0000, 0
};

/*
** Defining pins in array makes it easier to rearrange how cube is wired
** Adjust numbers here until LEDs flash in order - L to R, T to B
** Note that analog inputs 0-5 are also digital outputs 14-19!
** Pin DigitalOut0 (serial RX) and AnalogIn5 are left open for future apps
*/

int LEDPin[] = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15};
int PlanePin[] = {16, 17, 18, 19};

// initialization
void setup()
{
int pin; // loop counter
// set up LED pins as output (active HIGH)
for (pin=0; pin<PLANESIZE; pin++) {
pinMode( LEDPin[pin], OUTPUT );
}
// set up plane pins as outputs (active LOW)
for (pin=0; pin<CUBESIZE; pin++) {
pinMode( PlanePin[pin], OUTPUT );
}
}

// display pattern in table until DisplayTime is zero (then repeat)
void loop()
{
// declare variables
byte PatternBuf[PLANESIZE]; // saves current pattern from PatternTable
int PatternIdx;
byte DisplayTime; // time*100ms to display pattern
unsigned long EndTime;
int plane; // loop counter for cube refresh
int patbufidx; // indexes which byte from pattern buffer
int ledrow; // counts LEDs in refresh loop
int ledcol; // counts LEDs in refresh loop
int ledpin; // counts LEDs in refresh loop

// Initialize PatternIdx to beginning of pattern table
PatternIdx = 0;
// loop over entries in pattern table - while DisplayTime>0
do {
// read pattern from PROGMEM and save in array
memcpy_P( PatternBuf, PatternTable+PatternIdx, PLANESIZE );
PatternIdx += PLANESIZE;
// read DisplayTime from PROGMEM and increment index
DisplayTime = pgm_read_byte_near( PatternTable + PatternIdx++ );
// compute EndTime from current time (ms) and DisplayTime
EndTime = millis() + ((unsigned long) DisplayTime) * TIMECONST;

// loop while DisplayTime>0 and current time < EndTime
while ( millis() < EndTime ) {
patbufidx = 0; // reset index counter to beginning of buffer
// loop over planes
for (plane=0; plane<CUBESIZE; plane++) {
// turn previous plane off
if (plane==0) {
digitalWrite( PlanePin[CUBESIZE-1], HIGH );
} else {
digitalWrite( PlanePin[plane-1], HIGH );
}

// load current plane pattern data into ports
ledpin = 0;
for (ledrow=0; ledrow<CUBESIZE; ledrow++) {
for (ledcol=0; ledcol<CUBESIZE; ledcol++) {
digitalWrite( LEDPin[ledpin++], PatternBuf[patbufidx] & (1 << ledcol) );
}
patbufidx++;
}

// turn current plane on
digitalWrite( PlanePin[plane], LOW );
// delay PLANETIME us
delayMicroseconds( PLANETIME );
} // for plane
} // while <EndTime
} while (DisplayTime > 0); // read patterns until time=0 which signals end
}

Comments

Geekaton (author)2013-03-07

hi
i am 15 and have made my own LED cube, heres a video of how I made it: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gTZJOy70rrc&list=LL7RW6Py5QalcKDnSCnX9_Dw
let me know if its helpful!

vishalapr (author)2011-12-30

Nice ible :) But I have a question...I am using these LEDs...

http://www.ebay.pl/itm/110783289032?ssPageName=STRK:MEWNX:IT&_trksid=p3984.m1497.l2649#ht_1456wt_1139

I have resistors of all the values from 1 ohm to 1 mega ohm....in 10's ....
So which resistors will I need to use for those LEDs? The cube is connected to an arduino nano...

plz help :)

Hey Vishalapar,

Sorry for my late reply. The resistors are just to protect the arduino and the ones you use depend on the ratings of your LEDs. Since you are using an arduino nano and not the duemilanove, you might want to go to arduinos website and check to see what the output voltage is (I think it is 5V), and then select a resistor to achieve the correct voltage and current.

Hope this helps!!!

jensenr30 (author)2011-04-09

awesome inst'able

Mechonizer (author)2011-04-05

Ok... Can you at least say were you copy pasted from?

First those images are from another instructible
https://www.instructables.com/id/LED-Cube-4x4x4/

Then the words In step 5 are directly copied with minor adjustments from
https://www.instructables.com/id/The-4x4x4-LED-cube-Arduino/

Seriously ... :(

Yes I do realize that I copied and pasted some pictures ( off of google ) and when I get more time I will upload my own Picts. And by the way I also realize about step 5 but there aren't a whole lot of ways to say the exact same thing.

At least cite them or say were you got them from in the instructible because there is the cc copyright stuff saying you must aknowlage were you got it from...

Thanks for the info I will do that next time

Faisal99 (author)2011-04-02

hi electronic man
I have some qustions i hope to help me:
I made the all layers and i was build the cube
my qustions after i connect all wires to the board how i conect the board to the computer
second qustion which programe we shoude use to put the code on it.
last qustion if you can send the code via email because i cannt downloded
f-abo-saud@hotmail.
thanks

jensenr30 (author)2011-03-03

Nice!

zazenergy (author)2011-03-01

LED cubes! Fun stuff.

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