Introduction: 50w Supply With Halogen Lamp Transformer

Picture of 50w Supply With Halogen Lamp Transformer

Electronic transformers for halogen lamps are very compact and lightweight. An equivalent power (60W) iron-core version weighs over 1500 grams versus 50 g of the electronic one. Size is much smaller and operation generates less noise and heat. These devices are produced massively which makes them very economical. By adding a few external components we can easily make a powerful DC power supply with any desired voltage and even multiple voltages at once.

Step 1: Electronic Transformer

Picture of Electronic Transformer

Weight is around 50g for a 60W unit. Size is less than 3" x 1.5". You can find the description of a typical circuit in this link: Transformer .

Step 2: Block Diagram of Halogen Lamp Transformer

Picture of Block Diagram of Halogen Lamp Transformer

Step 3: Adding an External Ferrite Core Transformer

Picture of Adding an External Ferrite Core Transformer

By adding an externalferrite core transformer (toroidal or EE) we guarantee total & safe isolation from the AC mains voltage, Primary winding carries only 12 turns. Secondary winding/s require only around 1 turn X volt output. In this way we can choose the output voltage we need by only adding or removing few turns. Step-down, step-up,and multiple outputs for full-wave or split supplies. Use 1mm2 insulated electrical wire. The core material should be ferrite and not iron powder.

Step 4: Output Configuration Examples

Picture of Output Configuration Examples

Step 5: Transformer

Picture of Transformer

Transformer core can be Toroidal or EE type.Material should be ferrite. Output frequency is around 40KHz (varies with load). For a DC supply, add a full-wave rectifier stage / filter / and constant voltage or constant current regulator if needed. Use ultra-fast recovery diodes. 1N4000 series are not suitable for 40KHz switching. Use UF4000 series for 1 Amp or UF5400 series for up to 3 Amps.

Step 6: Dummy Load

Picture of Dummy Load

Electronic transformers need a minimum load to operate correctly, else output will not be stable or even null. If your application load is insufficient, add a dummy load. Use a resistor or a small incandescent lamp.

Step 7: Some Waveforms (AC Output)

Picture of Some Waveforms (AC Output)

Step 8: DC to 20w Halogen Bulb & LED

Picture of DC to 20w Halogen Bulb & LED

Step 9: Caution

Picture of Caution

Extreme caution when connecting to AC mains. Never open the transformer when connected !

Step 10: For More Details,watch the Video. Thank You !

Comments

ki4clz (author)2016-04-24

At what point did we convert AC to DC...

did I miss something...?

Aabhishek Sharma (author)ki4clz2016-07-11

at diode point

simpletronic (author)ki4clz2016-04-24

You missed step 5. Further details on AC-DC conversion are beyond the scope of this article.

cck3 (author)2016-04-20

Can u use a variable resistor.

simpletronic (author)cck32016-04-21

HI!

if you refer to the "dummy load", a variable resistor like a potentiometer cannot dissipate more than 0.25 watts and will surely burn. A wire-wound resistor is the right choice. ---|>|---

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Bio: Music: my profession for over 40 years... Electronics: my beloved hobby always.
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