Step 2: Using standard landscape timbers, measure and cut the four legs. The legs should be somewhere around waist high to make it easier to work the hive.
Step 3: Once the legs are cut to length, mark notches on one end of each leg. These notches will be used to support the hive frame and roof.
Step 5: After measuring for the correct depth, on a radial miter saw, proceed to make a series of thin cuts. It will then be easy to chisel out the notch.
Step 9: Using the seam of the barrel, find top dead center (tdc). The seam runs thru the center of each bung hole and is a mold mark from the manufacturing process of the barrel.
Step 10: Once the top of the barrel is located use masking tape to mark the saw line all the way around the barrel.
Step 13: A jig saw may work for cutting the barrel but the easiest way is to use a reciprocating saw.
Step 15: There is a barrel lip on the front edge that must be removed for the frame to sit properly. Remove the lip down to the yellow mark.
Step 22: The support will later be drilled for vent holes at the top of the hive and will aid in controlling moisture.
Step 23: This cross support will also give a little clearance at the entrance of the hive before the first comb is started.
Step 25: To keep everything square, rip the first edge off. These edges can be used later for spacers.
Step 28: Cove moulding is attached to the top bars. It gives the bees more surface area to attach the comb to in addition to helping them keep the comb straight.
Step 35: The back wall of the hive is moveable so the hive can expand as the colony grows. A cardboard template is used to trace the outline of the barrel.
Step 37: The hardboard is attached to a couple extra top bars and lays on top of the foundation frame just the same.
Step 45: Drill a 1 inch hole below the bung hole, this serves a few purposes...
Step 46: A standard cork is used to plug the larger hole when it is not needed.
Step 47: Drill two 1" holes in the cross support bar and cover with screen. The bees can then plug the holes with propolis to regulate the air flow themselves.
Step 48: Also drill two holes in the bottom of the hive to help drain any water collected inside due to condensation.
Step 55: These hives will last a lifetime and my kids will be harvesting honey from them once they're adults...
Step 56: Hope you've enjoyed this instructable!!
If you have any suggestions or ideas for future Instructables visit our Facebook page and tell us about them.
We are always listing how to articles, coupons and project updates, follow along and stay informed.
Food Plot Survival