Introduction: 555 Alarm / Timer Circuit [VERY EASYYY!!!]
hi all, this is my first instructable, i hope you enjoy, and if you have any questions dont hesitate to ask me either by sending me an E-mail (Ahmedyasserahmed@gmail.com) or simply comment and i will do my best to answer all of your questions.
in this instructable i will explain how to build a simple 555 circuit that will blink a led and sound a buzzer, this has many application for example you can connect an LDR between the power source and the circuit and then put it in your closet where it is dark and when someone opens the closet the alarm will sound, or connect it to a transistor LDR circuit (which i will explain how to build in another instructable) and put it next to your door so if any one passes by the LDR his shadow will cause the alarm to sound.
Materials that are required:-
1- 10 kohms resistor
2-4.7 Kohms resistor
3- 470 ohms resistor
4- 555 IC circuit
5 Jumper wires
7-capacitor (47 uf)
9-Battery and holder (rpeferably 9v but anything between 5-12 will work)
Step 1: Connecting the Brain
IC555 is the brain of your circuit it controls everything,we start by attaching it in the middle of the bread board
Step 2: Connecting the Capacitor
now we need to connect our capacitor between pins one and two (make sure the negative side points towards pin 1) here i used a 47 uf capacitor you can change it but according to the capacitance the frequency of the led flashing (and the buzzer) will vary.
Step 3: Connecting Pins 2 and 6
Now we need to connect pins two and six using a jumper wire
in a breadboard there is a gap between the 2 sides in the power supply row be sure to connect them (look at the photo)
Step 4: Pins 4 and 8
now we connect pins 4 and 8
Step 5: Resistors Time!
now we get the 10k resistor and connect it between pins 6 and 7
Step 6: Next Resistor
now we connect the 4.7k resistor between pins 7 and 8
Step 7: One Last Resistor
now we get the 470 ohms resistor ( you can also change this one but this will also affect the frequency (on the circuit board i used a 100 ohms resistor)).and we connect it one leg in ground (negative row) and the other in an empty slot
Step 8: Connecting the Led
we connect the short leg of the led (negative leg) to the resistor and the other leg to an empty slot ( used yellow but you can change it red is good)
Step 9: Connecting the Led to the Brain
now using jumper wires connect pin 3 of the IC to the positive leg of the led.
Step 10: Connecting the Buzzer
we connect the buzzer parallel to the led make sure of correct polarity.
Step 11: Feeding the Brain
We connect pin 1 to ground and pin 8 to positive.
by now yoyr breadboard is ready. lets connect the power
Step 12: Finishing Up
we connect positive to the poristive row and negative to the negative row.
And there you go attach your battery.
Step 13: Working and Troubleshooting.
if you want it to be light sensitive connect an LDR between the battery and the circuit.