Before explaining "how to make?"
I'll tell you answers for "Why to make?"
- Has your child ever opened the front door and walked outside without your knowledge?
- Do you know if someone trying to open your door from outside?
So its better to have a door alarm for safety purposes.
There is ON/OFF provision to avoid frustration
My Alarm is different from the cheep magnetic one.
I am latching the relay to sustain the buzzer till the switch is manually turned OFF.
So definitely you will be notified if some one tries to open the door that's why this one is Reliable.
I developed this circuit from patrick's (engineering shock) idea by implementing latching concepts which i learned from mechatronics. Check his trip wire circuit you will understand.
Step 1: Requirments
- 2N2222 - NPN Transistor (any npn will work fine) - 1
- 1k ohms resistor - 1
- 100 ohms resistor - 1
- DPDT relay - 1 (if you follow circuit - A)
- DPST realy - 2 (if you follow circuit - B)
- LED diffused red - 1
- 12 v piezo buzzer
- 9 v battery with snap
- duct tape *optional (step -4)
- magnetic reed switch with small piece of magnet *optional (step -4)
- Tools to work
If you got DPDT relay stick with CIRCUIT - A
If not... stick to CIRCUIT - B
Step 2: Use Circuit Wizard to Make Pcb (optional)
- select --> PCB layout at the bottom of UI
- then select --> Artwork
- print the doc with a laser printer
- then transfer toner to copper clad board
- use ferric chloride to etch
- make holes
Search for a tutorial to make PCB
I've just used a permanent marker to draw the Artwork in copper clad board.
Don't forget to clean the clad board with IPA (isopropyl alcohol ) before starting.
Properly dispose of used ferric chloride solution.. sorry it will become cupric chloride (copper 2 chloride) after etching copper anyhow dispose of it.
Download the attachment and open with Circuit Wizard to simulate (circuit - B)
Step 3: If You're Not Interested in PCB Then Skip the Previous Step
Just connect components as shown in the diagram.
Step 4: Preparing the Trigger Part
You got two options here.
If your lock is similar to mine,then you're lucky.
Follow my steps
Just measure and cut duct tape suitable for your lock.
Use a two piece of wire as shown
It will close the circuit when the door closed. this mechanism replaces the push to break switch in circuit
Other option : you need a magnetic reed switch and a piece of natural magnet