Direct Instruction is a systematic, skills-oriented teaching methodology. Direct instruction is often characterized by carefully scripted lesson plans which break skills down into small units, with each individual unit as part of a logical sequence of lessons, and taught explicitly to students. Other characteristics include, ability grouping, emphasis on pacing and efficiency of instruction, frequent assessment, and embedded professional development/coaching. The direct instruction methodology was developed by Siegfried Englemann and Wesley C. Becker of the University of Oregon. Their research was funded by the largest federally funded research program in education called Project Follow Through. The results gleaned from PFT and the vast majority of subsequent research gave strong empirical support of the effectiveness of DI in classrooms and with a wide range of students.
Step 1: Orientation (Anticipatory Set)
Englemann describes using basic instruction to teach lessons by keeping materials simple and direct.