Introduction: A Tribute...How to Make Cuban Coffee / Cafe-con-leche
How the art of making Cuban coffee is done. A dear friend of mine showed me this way years ago. We lost him in the late 90's to a car accident that was his fault. I love and miss him dearly. Jose and I worked side by side in a auto repair shop in Miami. We had a hot plate between our stalls on his work bench. We would make it together... he would start it and i would finish or I would start and he would finish. Every time I make Cuban coffee I think of him. Salute! Jose... may you rest in peace.
Step 1: How to Make Cafe-con-leche (Cuban Coffee and Steamed Milk)
The basics for Cuban coffee. Cafe Bustelo or Cafe Pilon coffee. Sugar. A stove top espresso maker. A Pyrex or similar 2 cup measuring cup. This type of espresso is world renown espresso coffee. It use to be roasted in Cuba many years ago but now is roasted in Miami. http://www.javacabana.com/ check out the "about us" link for some History about Cuban Coffee Roasting. ;-)
Step 2: The Heart of Cuban Coffee....Sugar
I use 1/3 of a cup of sugar. You can change this to taste. Some restaurants hand you sugar in packets after the coffee is done. That insults someone like me. The sugar is key to making Cuban coffee properly. The sugar must be cooked or "Caramelized" into the coffee. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caramelization
Step 3: Gotta Have Water to Make Coffee.
Fill the tank of the coffee maker to just under the pressure relief valve. Its about 8 ounces or so.
Step 4: Love the Smell of Cuban Coffee.
Load the coffee basket with coffee. Be careful, this coffee is very fine and will get everywhere if you are not careful.
Step 5: Pack Lightly.
Do not pack down the coffee too tight. The water passing through it will do that on its own.
Step 6: Coffee Is Cooking.
Screw the top on and start on the burner. It takes appox 2 mins to start to cook the coffee. Don't leave the lid open unless you are right there to catch it. Don't leave the kitchen or step away too far. It will spray coffee everywhere.
Step 7: Streaming the Milk (Leche).
I like cafe-con-leche. So I typically use a coffee mug and fill it halfway with milk. You can steam the milk if you have a maker that has the tube on the side to steam the milk. They are great but the cheaper ones get clogged easily and require constant cleaning. Threw mine away years ago. SO unless you have $10-30,000 for a real espresso machine they have in the cafe's and restaurants... cheat like I do and use the microwave. I nuke mine about 1:30. The minute and a half is just about the time to start watching the coffee cook.
Step 8: Cheating With the Microwave.
This is me cheating in the microwave to steam the milk. I love this mug. My oldest daughter got it for me on her many trips up from college. I typically set it for 1:30. A friend reminded me to mention that some of you may want to adjust time for altitude. :-)
Step 9: The Coffee Begins to Brew.
If you are right on top of things you can watch the coffee start to cook and this is when you want to take it off the burner for just a few seconds to pour the first little bit into the sugar. (about 1-2 tablespoons)
Step 10: A Little Dab Will Do Ya.
Now you have a little dab (1-2 tablespoons) of coffee in the sugar. Now we will make the paste. Place the coffee back on the burner to finish cooking.
Step 11: Coffee Frosting!
This is the paste. It should be about the consistency of spreadable frosting. (like the kind that comes in a plastic container ready made). THIS is the key component that most people forget or dont know about REAL Cuban coffee. No paste No Espuma. Spuma is Italian or Latin for "foam" or "froth." With out this you have no foam.
By the time you have made the paste the coffee should be done and removed from the burner.
Step 12: ESPUMA!
Now we pour the cooked coffee into the paste and BAM !!! we have ESPUMA !!!
Step 13: Foaming at the Mouth. J/k
I have seen grown men cry over someone throwing away a cup that still had espuma in it. I have seen old Cuban men dig the cup from the trash to lick the espuma from the cup. Out on the west coast in Seattle and other places they use this foam to make decorative coffees by making designs with it.
Step 14: The Head of Foam the Sugar Makes When You Do It Right.
Here is the coffee and the paste (SUGAR) cooking together and bonding or "caramelizing" the result is the foam "espuma". As you see about eight ounces of coffee is made... a "coloda"
Step 15: Coffee and Milk Are Ready to Be Served.
Now the coffee and the milk are ready.
Step 16: Yummy ! Cafe-con-leche.
Now I pour the coffee into the milk and top with a few spoons full of the espuma. This is what its all about. It is a true art form. If your timing is off or the paste is too soupy, etc then its ok but it is awesome when you nail it and it all comes together. ENJOY!
While these basic rules seem to defy normal coffee logic, in the Volturno the unexplainable work. Enter the romance factor. While producing good coffee is based on scientific principals, fully automatic press a button espresso machines can never compute nor replicate the romance (human) factor.
Those old Italian bubbas know best. Please leave button pushing to accountants and Barristas. Stay original… it’s only human.