So you want to make a cane with a twist to elevate your pimp game or elevate your grandma and keep her vertical, good for you, let's do this!
Step 1: Choose Your Stock
Cut your stock to 37''
This is a beast of walnut 2'' thick 9 ½'' wide but you can take 2x 1'' thick boards and glue them together
Step 2: Cut It to Size
Go to the bandsaw and rip it to 1 ¾'' wide
Go to the jointer and square up 1 face and 1 side and mark them
Plane the board to 1 ¼'' thick (put your face mark on the table)
Go back to the bandsaw and rip it to 1 ¼'' wide (put your side mark on the fence)
So now you should have a board that's 1 ¼'' squared by 37'' long
Step 3: Find the Center
Step 4: Mount It on the Lathe
Be safe and wear protective goggles because wood chips will start flying soon
You will need a thickness guage set to 1'', it will become your best friend
You will also need a 7/8'' roughing gouge and a 1/4'' strait guage
Do yourself a favor and get a jig to support the center of the cane on the lathe because at 37'' it will start to wiggle like a spaghetti. If you don't have one and still want to do this then you're a rebel and I like the cut of your jib, let's be friend and have a drink.
Start the lathe and act like you want to pet a tiger: be gentle, go slow, no sudden movement. Keep your gouge sharp, do one pass to make it round and sharpen it again before your 2nd pass. Check your thickness guage often, it's your best friend remember?
Step 5: Tracing
Step 6: Divisions
Those were protoptypes I made, the one on the far right was divided every 3 inches and I tought it looked to barbershop like, next to it I divided it every 1'' and alltough it look better I think (don't judge me!) they're a little too close together for my taste.
I finally decided to go with 1 ¾'' divisions which you can see on the far left
Step 7: Mark the Twist
When satisfied with the look, trace the twist with a pensil using the thickness of the tape to guide you.
Step 8: Cut the Ends
Step 9: Plunge Router
Step 10: Make a Jig
Center the jig and make one pass, GO SLOW and be precise because if you deviate from the line it will affect the thickness of the ridges. When you're a little over the halfway mark, stop and start from the other end, you should join the groove you just made. If it's not perfect, just say it's an artistic desicion and that's exactly how you wanted it to look. Who are they to judge your flair and taste?
Step 11: Sanding
Step 12: Make the Other Grooves
Step 13: Sanding (again)
When all the grooves are sanded perfectly, sand some more: 120 then 150 then180 and finally 220 grit
You're done for now, let's move on to the handle.
Step 14: Drawing the Design
Step 15: Make a Tracing Jig
Step 16: Preparing the Stock
I used Walnut and Tiger Maple that I found in the shop trash, can you believe that?
Step 17: Cut the Shape
Step 18: Sanding (again...)
Step 19: Router
Turn off your dust collector, it eate 2 previous handles!
Use a 1/4'' round bit and make at least 3 passes inside and outside and turn it over before each new pass.
Now everything should be round except where the jig was.
Back to sanding!
Step 20: Sanding (yet Again)
Sand the handle perfectly (you should've expected that...) 120, 150, 180, 220 grit.
Step 21: Drill the Hole
Then with a 5/8'' fostner bit, drill about 1/8'' deep
I used a piece of wood to elevate the handle so it's parrallel
Step 22: The Ring
one end will go inside the handle and the other outside the cane.
polish it until you can see yourself in it. if you look good, stop!
Step 23: Fitting the Ring
Step 24: Assembly
Put epoxy outside the 1/2'' copper and inside the handle
fill the handle with epoxy and insert the cane
Make sure the epoxy fills the joint completely (use a seringe if you have to)
Step 25: Finishing
Step 26: Voilà!
Be proud of youself, that's about 15 hours of work putting the cane at about 400$