Introduction: AUTOMATIC BATHROOM LIGHT TIMER OFF CIRCUIT

Picture of AUTOMATIC BATHROOM LIGHT TIMER OFF CIRCUIT

I have made a simple project called automatic bathroom light timer off circuit its a very simple and easily made project.

Step 1: INTRODUCTION

Here is the simple and low cost automatic bathroom light circuit.The light automatically turns on when the bathroom door is opened and remains lit in occupied state when door is opened again the lamp turns off after a short delay .This automatic circuit saves energy and greatly asist your visitors especially at night.

Step 2: Schematic of the Automatic Bathroom Light Control Circuit

Picture of Schematic of the Automatic Bathroom Light Control Circuit

Here is the circuit diagram of the bathroom timer.The entire circuit is built around popular decade counter CD4017 (IC) and can be powered by any 5V DC/500mA mobile phone travel charger or adapter.

Step 3: WORKING OF THE CIRCUIT

Picture of WORKING OF THE CIRCUIT

The heart of this circuit is CD4017 CMOS counter with decoded output.On each pulse received on its clock input ,this IC drives high the next output.Output 0(pin 3)

of IC1 drives 1W light source (LED 2) through a driver transistor (T1)

Initially when the circuit is powered IC1 is resetted by the RC network and as a result LED1 lights up .When the door is opened for the first time, switch S1 is opened and as a result IC1 is clocked by the clock pulse generator.Now LED 1 goes off and LED2 lights up .IC1 stays in this condition to provide interior lighting even if the door is closed .However when the bathroom door is opened again IC1 is clocked again, and this resets the chip again by the signal from Output 2(pin4) of IC1 through D1 (1N4148)

Step 4: COMPONENT SELECTION

Regarding components selection it is not much critical.But try to use a good quality switch as S1 .the 3.6V/1W White LED current is limited by resistor R3

THE COMPONENTS USED ARE:

IC1: cd4017

T1:2N222

D1:1N4148

LED1:5mm Green

LED2 : 3.6V/1W White

R1: 10K

R2: 100K

R3:2.2 OHM

C3:100 nF

C1,C2 :10 micro farad

S1 : N/O Push Switch

J1: DC Socket - PCB

Step 5: WORKING CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

Picture of WORKING CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

Here is the final practical diagram of our circuit connected on breadboard.

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