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Adjustable Modular Furniture

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Picture of Adjustable Modular Furniture
This is a piece of furniture that can be bent like a snake and is screwed solid with nuts. You can create lots of different tables and chairs. I will make 8 sections but you can choose to make as many sections as you want. You can always add sections later.
 
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Step 1: Materials to make 8 sections

Picture of Materials to make 8 sections
  • 32 - 1 foot sections of 2x4
  • 9 - 15" sections of threaded rod ( I used 5/16" rod )
  • 18 - grade 8 nuts (size of rod)
  • 100 - 1 1/4" outer size fender washers (size of rod)
  • 300 in2 - 60gt sandpaper
  • Wood Stain
  • Glue

Step 2: Cut the boards into 8 peices

I cut my 8' 2x4s into 11 3/4" pieces with a chop saw. Just try and pick a length that you want that uses your wood efficiently.

Step 3: Cut 3" in on each side

There's probably a better way to do this (like a band saw), but I set up a jig on my chop saw. You SHOULD cut slightly to one side to compensate for the blade thickness, but I will just fill in this gap with washers.

Note that the chop saw will not cut 3" straight all the way down, I had to flip the boards over and even then, there was a "V" shape left inside.

Step 5: Pop em out and sand smooth

They snap out with a hammer easily and left less of a problem than I thought. I just sanded the "V" smooth with a circular sander.

Step 6: Drill Holes

A drill press and quick jig would make simple work of this but I was without one. Marked the spot and just eyeballed what's straight. Make sure to use a bit that is quite larger than the threaded rod, don't use the same thickness, it'll be too tight!

Step 7: Make Sandpaper Washers

Picture of Make Sandpaper Washers
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The friction of wood against wood alone will not support much weight so washers covered with sandpaper are put in between all the cracks; 63 needed, I made 70. View picture comments for instructions.
Jessie Marie12 months ago
This is amazing!
hbueso2 years ago
This is actually an excellent idea. And it also gives you inspiration to create more variations of this, hmmm!!
its not hex its a octogon
Might try this idea with cardboard instead of lumber.
pleszmc2 years ago
if you were making a box or a chair or a table with this, how would i support its self? it looks like it would sag at the bend points (not the corners, the're fine)
fspatz3 years ago
really great idea! i think IKEA (swedish furniture factory) will copy this ;-)
Derin4 years ago
By grade 8,do you mean M8 nuts?
gossumx Derin3 years ago
http://www.boltdepot.com/fastener-information/materials-and-grades/bolt-grade-chart.aspx
ok, now THAT is effing amazing
shabagana4 years ago
This is awesome!! 5 stars
Yeah, and IMO it looks nice enough to sit in the house as well, like he has it in his room. Great idea!
frazeeg4 years ago
A chisel would probably be faster and give you more accurate results. A nice sharp blade would cut through that pine like butter without over-rounding the right angle there.
theRIAA (author)  frazeeg4 years ago
I tried a chisel first, this way was about 10 times faster, and I was in a rush.
dunnos4 years ago
i like it :) but me not have the patience for it
afatflatcat4 years ago
This idea actually has potential. Show it to like Ikea or some lawn furniture place. Youll be rich in like a week.
camp6ell4 years ago
i love the technique for making the sandpaper washers. i can see that being parlayed into other things. thanks.
Pkranger884 years ago
So are you actually using it as modular furniture or as a conversational starter? Also, to avoid the issue with the nuts, you could recess the nuts using a forstner bit. Also, you don't need grade 8 nuts. You bought standard threaded rod, right? I believe that stuff is only grade 3 or grade 5 at best if you got it from a box store like Lowe's or Home Depot. I think the ingenuity is great though. It would be cool if you incorporated a cross member with preset holes in it that would align the furniture for different positions enabling "quick change" style adjustments. Good luck.
is it too much to ask for both? why not sit on it and then talk about it? -the best DIY functions for a purpose, but also is intriguing to talk about, would you agree?
Nope, I was just asking. I was hoping he was actually using it. As for the best DIY... I would say function, reliability and servicability are the 3 most important aspects of any design. Then we can get into "intriguing to talk about." But I'm a design guy. But I can say I agree.
theRIAA (author)  Pkranger884 years ago
I used grade 8 so they wouldn't strip on the outside (if i got lazy and used pliers). I actually would ideally like to have the nuts strip before the rod, but I also liked the zinc color, so I went with grade 8. I will be using it in a apartment in college and will probably change it's shape a couple times so it fits where I want it, or to change it's purpose. I wish I had this thing in my dorm last year :P
baggot theRIAA4 years ago
The weak link is the threaded rod. it will snap before the threads will strip. Unless you cross threaded ;-). Nice chair I would use something along the lines of a quick release setup from a bike wheel to tighten the diff positions. Nice
Correct, the weak link is the threaded rod, which is much more expensive than the nut. Another (stronger) option would be to use solid rod and use a die, preferably a roll form die, rather than a cutting die to create the threads. Then you can buy just about any grade of steel you want. I would probably go with a stainless rod. Cross section area of the rod is the critical part. A 5/16th rod has a minor cross section diameter of about 0.24 in. If you were to use a solid 5/16 rod you get the full .3125. Does is really matter? Yep. The solid rod can withstand 69% more shear force and axial load. Which means that if a 200 lb person would bend the 5/16th threaded rod, it would take a 337 pounder to bend the solid rod. I personally have had many experiences where a threaded rod bent and even broke.
theRIAA (author)  baggot4 years ago
that's a great idea, although 18 bike quick releases is out of my price range...maybe i could make them... but anyways, I've experienced a lot of striped threads on nuts in my life, but have never had a threaded rod snap on me, so i went with this. You don't have to use grade 8.
no..if you had this in you dorm room..i wouldve taken it for myself =P
theRIAA (author)  Pkranger884 years ago
also grade 8 nuts will make it stronger. If i use grade 5 rods and nuts, the nuts will be the weakest link, they will always strip out before the rod. Using grade 8 nuts will give a slight increase in strength but will strip the rod when too tight. I'm tightening these things down a lot.
sallost4 years ago
I love this idea. This summer I'm going to try this for sure! Just 1 question: How long do you thing the sandpaper washers hold until you need to replace then. Thanks
theRIAA (author)  sallost4 years ago
I think they will last very long, If you only adjust the thing into a different shape maybe twice a year, I don't see why it wouldn't last a lifetime. I'm more worried about the washers sanding down the wood so much that the cracks touch and the washers are just inside the wood with no friction.
Perhaps you could use soft washers, and use the nuts to 'squeeze' the construct in place when the desired position is achieved? Should last longer. ;P
theRIAA (author)  arashiodori4 years ago
you mean rubber washers? That might work but idk if it would hold as much weight as these sandpaper washers. Friction is critical if you're going to be sitting on it. are rubber washers expensive? humm idk...
Well, I tried it in the past with my DnT(Aka Workshop period) project, and I cracked the 2 'main' wood (Resembles White Oak visually, forgot the actual species) itself (The wood was slightly thinner than the ones you used) while testing for the structure. Worthless experiment yes, since I had to use a clamp to actually gather enough force to break it, but the wood was free. :P So yes, Rubber washers take quite some punishment.
theRIAA (author)  arashiodori4 years ago
hummmmmmmm
blckpythn4 years ago
the "hex" has 8 sides...
theRIAA (author)  blckpythn4 years ago
I'm still surprised no ones called me out on the toddler-sized mini bar...
theRIAA (author)  blckpythn4 years ago
well maybe it's just an ironic nickname...
Should be an octagon. ;P
Crucio4 years ago
Fantastic result. What color stain is that?
theRIAA (author)  Crucio4 years ago
black walnut danish oil. I wish it was easier to buy pure black wood stain... I was gonna cover it in poly too but i felt lazy nearing the end there.
imrobot4 years ago
will this work with your cardboard lumber? and how do i keep the cardboard from rotting outside?
theRIAA (author)  imrobot4 years ago
It might if you use 100 or so overlapping 2" strips of cardboard (instead of 8 wood sections coming together like I do) do not laminate the cardboard together, it will not be strong enough for this design. This design takes cheap studs to their limits. You could make the cardboard somewhat weatherproof by drenching it in clear polyurethane.
Kristell4 years ago
how much does it cost for all the materials? ..and of course i get to use your new shop smith :D
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