Introduction: Airplane Glider V1.0
"I apologize if you find spelling errors or nonsensical text, my language is Spanish and has not been easy to translate, I will improve my English to continue composing instructables"
Step 1: Flight of the Airplane.
Step 2: Thread Tools
Thread Tools Tweezers 1 Pencil 1 Glue 1 Squad 1 Tape 1 Scalpel 1 Pins 1 Masking tape 1
Step 3: Accessories
Cabin1 Lead 1 Flat 1 Cover 1 Sander 1 Stickers 1 Rubbers 1
Step 4: Laser Engravers
Varillas Balso 1,5x3x300 mm8
Varillas Balso 3x3x300 mm6
Varillas de Balso 6x6x300 mm4
Bloque Balso 6x12x65 mm2
Bloque Balso 15x20x35 mm1
Alerón 3-1 x12x300 mm3
Listón Cedro Ø4,5x100 mm1
Step 5: Assemble Wings:Thread Tools
A1: Prepare all the tools required for construction.
A2: Check the parts and identify them, both the cut pieces and the slats and blocks.
Step 6: Assemble Wings:
A3: Locate the plane on the arming surface and place tape on the edges and be fixed on the surface.
A4: Mida 23,2 cm sobre un listón de 1,5x3x300 mm y márquelo.
Step 7: Assemble Wings:
A5: Using the scalpel, cut two pieces with the marked measurement, to form the beams of the right wing.
A6: Locate on the plane and in the top view of the right wing, one of the beams, from the center of the wing, to the piece A4, secure with pins if possible.
Step 8: Assemble Wings:
Step 9: Assemble Wings:
A9: Locate and glue on the beam, the ribs, taking into account their position according to the plane. Try to keep them perpendicular to the plane.
A10: Anchor the ribs to the work surface, using pins and pliers.
Step 10: Assemble Wings:
Step 11: Assemble Wings:
A13: Glue the A2 Rib onto the beam, use a pair of planking parts to achieve the height. Let it dry very well.
A14: Glue the top boxes of the ribs in the plane with glue.
Step 12: Assemble Wings:
Step 13: Assemble Wings:
A17: Glue the pieces A15.
A18: Glue the three A15 pieces together and keep them together while they dry, keeping in mind that they are aligned.
Step 14: Assemble Wings:
A19: Glue the upper and lower edges of the right side of the heart (A15)
A20: Locate and stick your heart between the beams in the center of the wing.
Step 15: Assemble Wings:
Step 16: Assemble Wings:
Step 17: Assemble Wings:
Step 18: Assemble Wings:
Step 19: Assemble Wings:
Step 20: Assemble Wings:
A31: On a Balso strip of 6x6x300 mm and an aileron mark 23.2 cm.
A32: Cut the two marked pieces.
Step 21: Assemble Wings:
A33: Glue the front of each rib (Attack edge).
A34: Locate and glue the cut 6x6 mm strip from the center of the wing and secure with pins.
Step 22: Assemble Wings:
A35: Locate and glue the spoiler before cut into the trailing edge of the wing, and secure with pins.
A36: You can start with the process of building the other half of the wing while the parts are being glued.
Step 23: Assemble Wings:
Step 24: Assemble Wings:
A39: Glue the central rib A1 (a) and A1 (b), using a block of wood to keep it perpendicular to the plane while drying the glue.
A40: Locate and glue two A13 pieces, in front and behind the beams, at the height of the A4 rib. You must align them against the arming surface.
Example of part A1 (a) and A1 (b):
Step 25: Assemble Wings:
A41: Secure parts A13 with the aid of a clothes hook, while drying the glue. With this we form the polyhedron.
A42: Undo the wing of the arming surface, and lift it from the polyhedron, until the angle of this one joins the surface. Use blocks to hold it in position and re-attach it.
Example parts A13:
Step 26: Assemble Wings:
A43: Locate a 1.5x3x300 mm Balso strip between the A4 and A11 ribs, mark the length of the beam and cut two equal pieces.
A44: Locate and secure one of the cut pieces with pins.
Step 27: Assemble Wings:
Step 28: Assemble Wings:
A47: Locate a 6x6 mm strip on the leading edge of the wing, and mark the length between the A4 and A7 ribs.
A48: Cut the length marked and with the help of the sander try to copy the required angles.
Step 29: Assemble Wings:
A49: Once the piece is achieved, glue it and attach it to the ribs to continue with the leading edge. Do the same with the next leg.
A50: Locate a spoiler at the trailing edge between the A4 and A11 ribs, and mark the length, cut it and glue it to the ribs and the leading trailing edge.
Step 30: Assemble Wings:
A51: Cut the last section of the leading edge, achieve the corresponding angles with the sander and glue it. Sand the rib A11 a bit so that the piece resists to stick it.
A52: Locate the 6x10x65 mm block next to the rib A11 and mark the arc showing the plane.
Step 31: Assemble Wings:
A53: With the aid of the scalpel cut the piece approaching the best possible to the marked arch.
A54: Finish carving with the sander.
Step 32: Assemble Wings:
A55: Glue the previously carved piece to the rib A11, to form the tip of the wing. Ancle
A56: Glue the polyhedron reinforcements (A13) to the beams of the new wing section and secure them while drying with a hook.
Step 33: Assemble Wings:
Step 34: Assemble Wings:
A59: Allow all parts to dry thoroughly, leaving the wing section anchored to the arming surface.
A60: Use the same method to construct the second leg of the other half of the wing.
Step 35: Assemble Wings:
A61: Once the two halves of the wing have dried, unseal them and join them in the center, moving the beams of the left section over the channels of the heart attached to the right section.
A62: Look at the missing angles and spaces to achieve bond, and sand if necessary, until the two sections close completely.
Step 36: Assemble Wings:
A63: Glue the heart channels, both upper and lower.
A64: Re-assemble the wing already assembled, leaving one section anchored on the surface and the other with the required angle.
Step 37: Assemble Wings:
A65: Glue the lower planking of the left section under the ribs of the center of the wing. (A20 and A22) and glue the other rib from the center of wing A1.
A66: Locate and glue parts A16, A17, A18 and A19 that form the upper planking. Use some slats or blocks to hold the pieces while the glue dries.
Example of parts A16, A17, A18 and A19:
Step 38: Assemble Wings:
A67: Once the wings have dried, unseal them and begin to finish the center of the wing with the aid of the sander, until obtaining a more uniform surface.
A68: Continue with the wing tips, sanding the surface of the block until you get the curve of the final rib A11.
Step 39: Assemble Wings:
A69: Carve the Edge of Attack, trying to continue the curve of the ribs.
A70: Carve the leading edge of the wing tips, trying to decrease the curve of the final ribs.
Step 40: Assemble Wings: Wings Finished.
Step 41: Construction of Fuselage:
Step 42: Construction of Fuselage:
F3: Unscrew the two pieces F11 (reinforcements from the fuselage) from the template, and glue one of the faces with glue. Keep in mind that these pieces are opposite and go inside the fuselage.
F4: Attach reinforcement F11 to the assembly of the F8 + F9 pieces, and hold them together with hooks while the glue dries. To form the walls of the fuselage.
Example of part F8 and F11
Step 43: Construction of Fuselage:
F5: Assemble the parts forming the fuselage floor F10 + F11
F6: Locate the assembly F10 + F11 on the top view of the fuselage and glue one of the previously assembled walls to maintain a 90 ° angle between them.
Step 44: Construction of Fuselage:
Step 45: Construction of Fuselage:
Step 46: Construction of Fuselage:
Step 47: Construction of Fuselage:
F13: Locate part F1 and close the tip of the fuselage with the aid of a rubber. Use some pieces of wood between the rubber and the pieces so as not to mistreat them
F14: Once the tip of the fuselage dries, sand the diagonal surface to match it
Step 48: Construction of Fuselage:
Step 49: Construction of Fuselage:
F17: Secure the parts, once dry, rectify the tip of the fuselage with the sander.
F18: Locate the tip of the fuselage on the Balso block of 15x20x35 mm and trace the diagonal line of the tip of the fuselage on the block.
Step 50: Construction of Fuselage:
F19: With the scalpel cut the block gradually approaching the marked line.
F20: With the sander finish carving the block until the marked line is reached
Step 51: Construction of Fuselage:
F21: Mark on one side of the block the shape of the nose of the fuselage
F22: Carve the profile of the nose previously marked.
Step 52: Construction of Fuselage:
F23: Using a motortool we open a hole in the front part of the fuselage, opening the space where the DC motor is located.
F24: Use silicone to attach the engine to the front fuselage.
Step 53: Construction of Stabilizers:
Step 54: Construction of Stabilizers:
E3: Cut a 3x3 mm strip of the length indicated in the plane, between the two pieces E5, attach it to the piece E1 and attach it with pins
E4: Locate and fasten the E5 parts to the 3x3 mm strip.
Step 55: Construction of Stabilizers:
E5: Cut the two 3x3 mm strips from the front of the stabilizer and approach the connection angles with the aid of the sander.
E6: Attach the two slats to the pieces E2 and E5, pin them to the arming surface.
Step 56: Construction of Stabilizers:
E7: Locate and glue the two E3 pieces.
E8: Locate and glue the two E4 pieces.
Step 57: Construction of Stabilizers:
E9: Locate 3x3 mm strips on the stabilizer drawing and mark the length and angles that form at the joints.
E10: Cut the marked strips and sand the required angles, once they are done glue the pieces together and pin them.
Step 58: Construction of Stabilizers:
E11: Continue the process until the complete piece is obtained and allow the glue to dry very well with the piece anchored to the work surface.
E12: Sand the stabilizer on all edges and edges for a more aerodynamic finish.
Step 59: Construction of Stabilizers:
T1: Measure and cut the 3 3x3 mm slats that form the rudder members. And enclose them on the plane.
T2: Using 3x3 mm slats, continue cutting and sanding the angles formed at the rear of the rudder, stick them together.
Step 60: Construction of Stabilizers:
T3: Continue the process until the rudder is completely formed, allow the glue to dry very well with the piece anchored to the surface
T4: Once the rudder is dry, unscrew it from the assembly surface.
Step 61: Construction of Stabilizers:
Sand the edges and edges of the piece to give a Finish more aerodynamic.
Step 62: Assembly and Lined:
FR1: Place the wings on the fuselage and verify that they enter the space between the cabin and the frame F4.
FR2: Sand the leading edge of the wings if necessary until they fit tightly into the fuselage.
Step 63: Assembly and Lined:
FR3: Locate the stabilizer and rudder on the fuselage to check that they fit properly.
FR4: To start the lining of the wings cut 4 pieces of paper of 12x24 cm.
Step 64: Assembly and Lined:
FR5: Glue a section of wing from the center to the polyhedron and the part of the Intrados.
FR6: Spread the glue to a uniform layer on the wood.
Step 65: Assembly and Lined:
FR7: Locate and glue the paper trying to stretch as best you can to avoid wrinkles.
FR8: Cut excess paper parallel to leading edge and trailing edge, leaving more or less 5mm of flange.
Step 66: Assembly and Lined:
FR9: Glue the flap by folding the paper over the other side of the wing (Extrados).
FR10: Repeat the same procedure to attach the other section of the intrados and the other two sections that line the extrados.
Step 67: Assembly and Lined:
FR11: Cut another 4 pieces of paper shorter and line the two ends of the wing on both sides.
FR12: Allow the glue to dry thoroughly.
Step 68: Assembly and Lined:
FR13: Glue the paper on both sides leaving tabs approx. 5 mm. to fold.
FR14: Perform the same procedure to line the rudder.
Step 69: Video Circuit Design
Step 70: Circuit
C1: Material's list.
- IR Receiver
C2: Schematic of the implemented circuit.
Step 71: Circuit
C3: Printed circuit.
C4: Printed board with perforations of each electrical component.
Step 72: Circuit
C5: End Circuit.
C6: Insert the circuit in the fuselage, making a hole in the bottom. In order that the IR receiver is outside the fuselage.
Step 73: Circuit
C7: We add in switch to have control of the On / Off of the airplane.
C8: Receiver at bottom of fuselage.
Step 74: Circuit
C9: We added a Source Entry.
C10: Final view.
Step 75: Airplane Assemble.
Step 76: Decor
P1: Use tape to limit areas to be painted.
P2: I chose red paint
Step 77: Decor
P3: Wing preview.
P4: Preview of stabilizers.
Step 78: Decor
P6: Airplane END.
Step 79: Airplane END
Step 80: Airplane END
Step 81: Airplane END
Step 82: Airplane END.
Step 83: Airplane END
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