aquaponic BIO-REACTOR - Balcony Unit
aquaponic BIO-REACTOR is a component of a lager aquaponic Balcony Unit System ( see in pictures above). This instructable is to document the build of the BIO-REACTOR and is referenced in the assembly directions for putting together the Balcony Unit. This provides a comprehensive guide to parts and materials used in the construction of the BIO-REACTOR. You can find individual items of the build at www.rik94566.wordpress.com if you do not want to spend the time to gather all the parts on your own or have extra materials left over from the build.
WHAT DOES IT DO?
DIY BIO-REACTOR - converts toxic fish waste to non-toxic plant fertilizer using moving bed media (big system component not found in any small systems).
WHY IS IT NEEDED:
Three basic rules in aquaponics are as follows:
1:1 RELATIONSHIP -- between fish tank volume and grow bed volume.
NUMBER OF FISH (stocking density) -- The general rule of thumb for a home, media-based aquaponics system is one pound (500g) of fish for every five to ten gallons (20 to 40 liters) of fish tank water.
FEEDING FISH - only feed fish the amount of food they can eat in 5 minutes.
The BIO-REACTOR is needed because most if not all small systems and owners of these systems break all three of these rules. Breaking these rules causes systems to fail or never reach a balance. The BIO-REACTOR builds a buffer into the system so when the above rules are not followed the Balcony Unit can still work without major system issues that new auqapons (people new to aquaponics) are unaware of or know how to correct.
A -- 6-in Dia PVC Coupling Fitting -- 1 quantity
B -- 6-3/4-in Dia PVC Sewer Drain Cap -- 2 quantity
C -- 6-in x 20-ft Solid PVC Sewer Drain Pipe -- 15 cm - 2 quantity
D -- 4-in Dia PVC Adapter Fitting -- 1 quantity
E -- AMERICAN VALVE 1-in PVC Sch 40 Socket In-Line Ball Valve
F -- 1-in Dia 90-Degree PVC Sch 40 Slip Elbow
G -- 4-in Dia PVC Cleanout Plug Fitting
H -- K3 Bio media
I -- Construction Items that are part of the build
1'' UNISEAL Flexible Tank Adapter (bulkhead) -- 2 quantity
Lexel, 5.0-Ounce, Clear
SUGRU Moldable Silicone Rubber Eight 5G Packs 4 Black/4 White
Rubberizeit!™ Dura-Rubber -- 2oz White -- Fish and People SAFE - FOOD SAFE material
PVC Regular Clear Cement
1-3/4-Inch or 44mm Hole Saw
3/8-in Cordless Drill
1-in Forstner Bit
Tape Measure for Sewing Product
12-in Combo Square
5/32-in Twist Drill Bit
Vermont American 21670 Size 1/2 x 13 NC Tap 27/64-inch Drill Bit Combo
#8-32 x 3/4-in Pan-Head Stainless Steel Spanner-Drive Standard (SAE) Machine Screws
3/8-in Cobalt Twist Drill Bit
1-in PVC Cutter
J -- Items to finish off the build
PG7 Waterproof Connector Gland Black for 4-7mm Diameter Cable -- 3 quantity
Raindrip 1/4-in Polypropylene Drip Irrigation Elbows -- 3 quantity
Mister Landscaper 1/4-in Vinyl Drip Irrigation Distribution Tubing -- 2 inches quantity
1-in Dia PVC Sch 40 Cap
1-in Dia 90-Degree PVC Sch 40 Slip Elbow -- 4 quantity
1-in Schedule 40 PVC Pipe - 3 feet
1/4-in Polyethylene Tubing -- 24 inch quantity
1/4-in PVC Clear Vinyl Tubing -- 12 inches quantity
EcoPlus 728405 Round Air Stone, small
Tetra Whisper Air Pump or any one the you have that will drive the air stone listed above.