Introduction: Aquaponic System (WITH TURTLES!!!)

With those unfamiliar with aquaponics it is the same concept as hydroponics except the nutrients is supplied by fish or other aquatic animals. A more in depth description of aquaponics is that the waste fish excrete ammonia (NH3) is converted by one type of bacteria to nitrite (NO2) then another group of bacteria converts the nitrite to nitrate (NO3) these nitrates is what is used in fertilizer and what we are using to grow our plants. IMPORTANT: this bacteria cycle (called Nitrification) is critical to this system and is often disregarded, without these bacteria the plants can't use the fish waste to grow. now to the construction.

Step 1: The Fish or Other Aquatic Creatures

you have to choose the fish you want to grow. if you wish to eat the fish tilapia and catfish do really well just visit the local pet store for tips on fish and what they require

what i used: i used goldfish because there easy, inexpensive and look quite nice (they grow pretty big) and some turtles that were getting to big for their tank

Step 2: The Grow Bed

the grow bed is where all the magic happens.you want a well draining container filled with a very porous (lots of tiny air holes, think of a sponge) material to put in the container for the plants to grow in. we want it porous for two reasons one so it can absorb water for the plants to use and the second so the bacteria has a nice cozy home to produce the nitrates we need. expanded clay does well perlite is also very good, in a pinch you could use dirt or orchid moss but it might not grow as well

what i used: I used a old recycled material planter we had around and took the legs off and filled it with expanded clay pellets

Step 3: The Plants

Last but definitely not least the plants. kale, lettuce, mint, basil pretty much any leafy vegetable or herb does great in aquaponics fruiting plants like tomatoes and beans or roots like carrots and potatoes are tricky and require some practice (the roots will be smaller but produce much more then soil grown root vegetables)

What i used: clippings from a already grown tomato plant just stuck in to the clay

Step 4: Optional Biofilter

the bio filter is a controversial part of the aquaponics system, in short it is the ideal growing area for the nitrifying bacteria. but they get quite expensive

what i used: i have had great success using gravel in the pond/tank and a porous growing medium

Step 5: TLC (Tender Love and Care)

caring for the setup is easy just monitor the fish and plant growth. watering is almost nonexistent setup a pond pump in the tank/pond and pump water into the grow bed for 15 minutes every hour (a garden timer is a great investment) doing this conserves water and there is no runoff as the water just drips back into the pond and is reused

Step 6: In Conclusion

setups like these are fun to build and cool to see work and grow. I would highly recommend building one before buying to see if you want a system, plus it is a heck of a lot of fun :)

Comments

author
Nzook (author)2016-07-24

I don't think you want to put your turtles into the system if you are growing your plants for food. Turtles carry salmonella so they are not advised for aquaponics. Stick with fish ornamental or edible.

author
CorkyQ1 (author)Nzook2017-01-09

many people have safely used turtles in their aquaponic systems. More info here:

http://www.backyardaquaponics.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=9266

author
Bantiarna (author)2016-07-22

One question: does the bacteria occur naturally or do I have to introduce it to the system?

author
Ninerd (author)Bantiarna2016-07-26

If you use a litrle bit of pond water or kust get lucky you could have it. Yoi could qlso introduce it into the system. Keep an eye out for a brown slippery film on rocks. Cheers

author
Ninerd (author)Ninerd2016-08-22

Typing on a phone on the bus is hard

author
Ninerd (author)Bantiarna2016-08-22

It is a grest way to stary of with sone pond water

author
evandromiami (author)2016-08-21

I see that you have tomatoes on the way. I have been trying to grow tomatoes hydroponically but never tomatoes. The flowers just die and fall off. My plants are about 6 ft tall now. The tip of the leaves are getting burned too. Did you encounter such problems growing tomatoes?

author
Ninerd (author)evandromiami2016-08-22

If you dont mind what are the symptoms of the plants and what is the climate like

author
seamster (author)2016-07-22

Looks like a good system! :)

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