This is an instructable on how to create a simple circuit utilizing a MQ-3 alcohol sensor in order to measure BAC level. We will be using arduino code and an arduino shield lcd to display the calculated BAC level.
Step 1: Parts + Tools Needed
1 x Arduino Uno board
1 x Arduino LCD shield
1 x MQ-3 alcohol sensor
1 x 9V battery
1 x 9V battery connector
1 x 4.7K ohm resistor
Solder and soldering iron
a computer to code with arduino
Wires and a wire cutter
Step 2: Building the Circuit
The MQ-3 has 6 pins, and should be connected as such in the picture. The two pins that are not connected to anything have been left out because they serve the same purpose as the A and B pins.
In order to obtain a 5V source ( because the MQ-3 operates on 5V), we used the arduino uno as it has a built in 9V to 5V convertor.
In our case, we used a 4.7 kilohm resistor, but a different resistor may be used, but calibration will be slightly different.
The Vout will be connected to the analog input for the arduino.
Step 3: Code + Calibration
In order to calibrate the sensor, we had to first obtain some analog data with the MQ-3 sensor. Our initial code displayed the signal received from the MQ-3 sensor at differing levels of alcohol. We used both liquor and pre-made vials of dilute alcohol of specific BAC levels.
Using the signal data from different alcohol levels, we found appropriate relationships between the analog signal and calculated BAC levels.
Step 4: Testing
To test the BAC calculator, we used some vials of diluted alcohol and put the sensor directly to the opening of the vial as we thought that would best simulate someone breathing straight into an alcohol sensor.
Results from breathing into the breathalyzer and the vials of diluted alcohol were pretty consistent. There is some error due to the fact that the sensor is also sensitive to heat.
This is a relatively good measure of the general ballpark of what one's BAC level is, but should not be used for determining if you are okay to drive.
We compacted everything into a box with easy to see display and an area to blow into where the alcohol sensor is located.