Hello friends here you are all going to know what an ARDUINO is and what is it meant for.........
Step 1: What Is Arduino?
What is Arduino the main basic question for any beginner before starting to work on it.So let us discuss what an Arduino is......
Arduino is an open-source prototyping platform based on easy-to-use hardware and software. Arduino boards are able to read inputs - light on a sensor, a finger on a button, or a Twitter message - and turn it into an output - activating a motor, turning on an LED, publishing something online. You can tell your board what to do by sending a set of instructions to the microcontroller on the board. To do so you use the Arduino programming language (based on Wiring), and the Arduino Software (IDE), based on Processing.
Step 2: INVENTION OF ARDUINO
Where did this thing started?
To work on something the basic question whose answer is to be known a person who is going to work.
The answer is here.......
Arduino was born at the Ivrea Interaction Design Institute as an easy tool for fast prototyping, aimed at students without a background in electronics and programming. As soon as it reached a wider community, the Arduino board started changing to adapt to new needs and challenges, differentiating its offer from simple 8-bit boards to products for IoT applications, wearable, 3D printing, and embedded environments. All Arduino boards are completely open-source, empowering users to build them independently and eventually adapt them to their particular needs. The software, too, is open-source, and it is growing through the contributions of users worldwide.
Step 3: WHY ARDUINO?
The next primary prerequisite to work on a thing is that we should know the basic usage and why we are going to work on that thing.So coming to the question WHY ARDUINO the answer is very simple
There are many other microcontrollers and microcontroller platforms available for physical computing. Parallax Basic Stamp, Netmedia's BX-24, Phidgets, MIT's Handyboard, and many others offer similar functionality. All of these tools take the messy details of microcontroller programming and wrap it up in an easy-to-use package. Arduino also simplifies the process of working with microcontrollers, but it offers some advantage for teachers, students, and interested amateurs over other systems:
Arduino boards are relatively inexpensive compared to other microcontroller platforms. The least expensive version of the Arduino module can be assembled by hand, and even the pre-assembled Arduino modules cost less than $50
The Arduino Software (IDE) runs on Windows, Macintosh OSX, and Linux operating systems. Most microcontroller systems are limited to Windows.
Simple, clear programming environment:-
The Arduino Software (IDE) is easy-to-use for beginners, yet flexible enough for advanced users to take advantage of as well. For teachers, it's conveniently based on the Processing programming environment, so students learning to program in that environment will be familiar with how the Arduino IDE works.
Open source and extensible software:-
The Arduino software is published as open source tools, available for extension by experienced programmers. The language can be expanded through C++ libraries, and people wanting to understand the technical details can make the leap from Arduino to the AVR C programming language on which it's based. Similarly, you can add AVR-C code directly into your Arduino programs if you want to.
Open source and extensible hardware:- The plans of the Arduino boards are published under a Creative Commons license, so experienced circuit designers can make their own version of the module, extending it and improving it. Even relatively inexperienced users can build the breadboard version of the module in order to understand how it works and save money.
Step 4: TYPES OF ARDUINO....
Next we need to know what are the types of available domains in the work we are going to do is the thing on which we have to have a clear idea about so that we are able to work on our intrested and suitable domain.
So while going into types of Arduino we can divide arduino into the following types:-
Mainly they are divided into four types called:-
1.ARDUINO PRO MINI
1.ARDUINO STARTER KIT
2.ARDUINO BASIC KIT
1.ARDUINO PROTO SHIELD
3)INTERNET OF THINGS:-
1.ARDUINO WIFI SHIELD 101
2.ARDUINO YÚN SHIELD
2.LILYPAD ARDUINO USB
3.LILYPAD ARDUINO MAIN BOARD
4.LILYPAD ARDUINO SIMPLE
5.LILYPAD ARDUINO SIMPLE SNAP
And many more are yet to come...............
Now all the prerequisites are known pretty well to work on an ARDUINO.... Keep going
Imagination is the only limit of creative mind......