Hi, with this project you will be able to control the on and off of your devices between the time you want. They may be the lights at the night, water the garden, turn on a machine, etc. We will use the arduino, the LCD and the RTC 1307 to show and control the time. You can set the "ON" hour and the "OFF" hour, by 4 push buttons that let you increase or decrease the "SET POINT". Also, you will learn to make a clock with the arduino. I included fritzing schematics and a video, so you can make this project.
First, see the video to know what is all about. Use it like a guide
Step 1: Materials
-RTC 1307 module
-5V relay module
-10K resistors x 4
-Push buttons x 4
Step 2: Mounting the Clock
Follow the Fritzing schematic.
Connect 5v and gnd, from the arduino to their respective rails (Red 5V and Blue GND)
LCD pins to Arduino pins
1 VSS to GND
2 VDD to 5V
3 VO to pot center
4 RS to pin 2
5 RW to GND
6 EN or E to pin 3
7 D0 NC
8 D1 NC
9 D2 NC
10 D3 NC
11 D4 to pin 4
12 D5 to pin 5
13 D6 to pin 6
14 D7 to pin 7
15 A to 5V
16 K to GND by 1K resistor
The extremes of the trimpot to 5V and GND
RTC to Arduino
SDA to pin 4
SCL to pin 5
GND and 5V
Step 3: Setting the Time
Now we have to set the clock. Run the code "Set time RTC". This sketch take the Date and Time according the computer you're using (right when you compile the code) and uses that to program the RTC. If your computer time is not set right you should fix that first. Then you must press the Upload button to compile and then immediately upload.
Warning !: If you compile and then upload later, the clock will be off by that amount of time.
Then open up the Serial monitor window to show that the time has been set
Step 4: The Clock
With the time set, open and upload the sketch "Clock with RTC LCD" . The 10K trimpot is for the lcd contrast.Turn it to adjust the contrast and see the numbers clearly.
If everything works fine, you will have the clock running. See the video.
Step 5: Mounting the Timer
Now we add the push buttons and the relay. Follow the fritzing schematic.
So, you have pins 8, 9, 10 and 11 connected to gnd by 10K resistor(LOW). When you push, it will be connected to 5V (HIGH).
The relay is connected to pin 12. With the relay you can control your devices. Be careful with the maximun load of the relay!
Step 6: The Timer
Open and upload the code "Timer with on off set point" . You will see the current time, the "ON" set point and the "OFF" set point. The default "ON" and "OFF" time is 12.
The timer runs from 0 to 23 hours, and so on. Push the buttons to change the set point up and down. The timer will start immediately if it is between the setting values.If not, will wait to the "ON" hour.
This code have interesting functions that you can use in other projects. I tried to separate every function to make it clear.
- Add buttons to change settings
-Limit of the set point or any values
- Add a clock to your project
All codes are made by me, exept:
Set the time of RTC , Adafruit data logger shield guide
I hope this tutorial is useful for you!