Introduction: Arduino Uno Basics

Picture of Arduino Uno Basics

The first step is to get an arduino uno. Arduino is an open source electronic prototyping platform which allows you to do a lot of cool things.

Step 1: Things Used

Picture of Things Used

A small LED
A small speaker
Arduino Uno

Step 2: Setting Up

Picture of Setting Up

You have to download and setup the arduino IDE , there is a tutorial on the website it goes through everything  ,the link to this is :

Step 3: Connecting Up for Blink

Picture of Connecting Up for Blink

After you have set everything up you plug in the a to b cable and you open the Arduino IDE.

Step 4: Blink + Code

Picture of Blink + Code

You will find a blank sketch(programming space) and you can find the code by clicking file > examples > basics > blink .
What this code allows you to do is light up an LED on the Arduino Board or if you want a brighter light you can attach an led to the pin 13 and the ground. The longer one the positive goes in pin 13 the negative goes in ground or GND on the arduino board.

The code is :

Turns on an LED on for one second, then off for one second, repeatedly.

This example code is in the public domain.

void setup() {
// initialize the digital pin as an output.
// Pin 13 has an LED connected on most Arduino boards:
pinMode(13, OUTPUT);

void loop() {
digitalWrite(13, HIGH);                                // set the LED on
delay(1000);                                                // wait for a second ( 1000 milliseconds)
digitalWrite(13, LOW);                              // set the LED off
delay(1000);                                             // wait for a second

Step 5: ToneMelody - Speaker

Picture of ToneMelody - Speaker

for this you set up the speaker by putting the black wire in the GND and the red wire in pin 13.
You can get a speaker from just about any unused electrical item , I got this out of my moms old house phone.
The code for the program is on the website , try and change the code to make a different sound. This program also has a header file you can add a header file by clicking the new tab button which is the only button on the top right hand side of the IDE and looks like this =>.

The code is :


Plays a melody

* 8-ohm speaker on digital pin 8

created 21 Jan 2010
modified 14 Oct 2010
by Tom Igoe

This example code is in the public domain.

#include "pitches.h"

// notes in the melody:
int melody[] = {

// note durations: 4 = quarter note, 8 = eighth note, etc.:
int noteDurations[] = {
4, 8, 8, 4,4,4,4,4 };

void setup() {
// iterate over the notes of the melody:
for (int thisNote = 0; thisNote < 8; thisNote++) {

// to calculate the note duration, take one second
// divided by the note type.
//e.g. quarter note = 1000 / 4, eighth note = 1000/8, etc.
int noteDuration = 1000/noteDurations[thisNote];
tone(8, melody[thisNote],noteDuration);

// to distinguish the notes, set a minimum time between them.
// the note's duration + 30% seems to work well:
int pauseBetweenNotes = noteDuration * 1.30;
// stop the tone playing:

void loop() {
// no need to repeat the melody.
[Get Code]

To make the pitches.h file, click on the "new Tab" button in the upper right hand corner of the window. It looks like this:

The paste in the following code:

* Public Constants

#define NOTE_B0 31
#define NOTE_C1 33
#define NOTE_CS1 35
#define NOTE_D1 37
#define NOTE_DS1 39
#define NOTE_E1 41
#define NOTE_F1 44
#define NOTE_FS1 46
#define NOTE_G1 49
#define NOTE_GS1 52
#define NOTE_A1 55
#define NOTE_AS1 58
#define NOTE_B1 62
#define NOTE_C2 65
#define NOTE_CS2 69
#define NOTE_D2 73
#define NOTE_DS2 78
#define NOTE_E2 82
#define NOTE_F2 87
#define NOTE_FS2 93
#define NOTE_G2 98
#define NOTE_GS2 104
#define NOTE_A2 110
#define NOTE_AS2 117
#define NOTE_B2 123
#define NOTE_C3 131
#define NOTE_CS3 139
#define NOTE_D3 147
#define NOTE_DS3 156
#define NOTE_E3 165
#define NOTE_F3 175
#define NOTE_FS3 185
#define NOTE_G3 196
#define NOTE_GS3 208
#define NOTE_A3 220
#define NOTE_AS3 233
#define NOTE_B3 247
#define NOTE_C4 262
#define NOTE_CS4 277
#define NOTE_D4 294
#define NOTE_DS4 311
#define NOTE_E4 330
#define NOTE_F4 349
#define NOTE_FS4 370
#define NOTE_G4 392
#define NOTE_GS4 415
#define NOTE_A4 440
#define NOTE_AS4 466
#define NOTE_B4 494
#define NOTE_C5 523
#define NOTE_CS5 554
#define NOTE_D5 587
#define NOTE_DS5 622
#define NOTE_E5 659
#define NOTE_F5 698
#define NOTE_FS5 740
#define NOTE_G5 784
#define NOTE_GS5 831
#define NOTE_A5 880
#define NOTE_AS5 932
#define NOTE_B5 988
#define NOTE_C6 1047
#define NOTE_CS6 1109
#define NOTE_D6 1175
#define NOTE_DS6 1245
#define NOTE_E6 1319
#define NOTE_F6 1397
#define NOTE_FS6 1480
#define NOTE_G6 1568
#define NOTE_GS6 1661
#define NOTE_A6 1760
#define NOTE_AS6 1865
#define NOTE_B6 1976
#define NOTE_C7 2093
#define NOTE_CS7 2217
#define NOTE_D7 2349
#define NOTE_DS7 2489
#define NOTE_E7 2637
#define NOTE_F7 2794
#define NOTE_FS7 2960
#define NOTE_G7 3136
#define NOTE_GS7 3322
#define NOTE_A7 3520
#define NOTE_AS7 3729
#define NOTE_B7 3951
#define NOTE_C8 4186
#define NOTE_CS8 4435
#define NOTE_D8 4699
#define NOTE_DS8 4978


NikosM (author)2015-03-30

In which number you put the led?

akshaybhoendie (author)NikosM2015-11-20

In port 13

bfilipčić (author)2015-02-09

Very nice!!

hightekrednek2396 (author)2011-10-29

Nice. But one question why are you using ubuntu on a mac

Why aren't you using ubuntu on a mac?

blinkyblinky (author)2011-10-24

Nice. You should add your computer/USB cable to the Parts List.

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