Instructables

Arduino-Using shift registers with ultrasonic sensors

Picture of Arduino-Using shift registers with ultrasonic sensors

The HC-SR04 Ultrasonic range sensing module is great for sensing distances that can be used as an input for your Arduino projects, but using multiple (more than two) can quickly cost you a lot of pins.

This basic Instructable gives you the code and basic instructions to use the 74HC595 8 bit series to parallel shift register so you can connect up to 8 HC-SR04 modules (16 IO pins) while using only 4 Arduino IO pins

 
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Step 1: Arduino Code

Picture of Arduino Code
scanPing.jpg
TransistorC.jpg

^^Basic layout of shift register IC and picture with only one HC-SR04 sensor^^

The attached File contains the needed Arduino code and pin layout (scanping)

Also attached is basic code for using the HC-SR04 Ultrasonic range sensing module (ping)

REVISION

Please follow new schematic above^^^ all echo pins must go into transistor circuit

Reinbert1 month ago

Have you ever tried that with more than 1 sensor? Can't confirm that through your photos.

I tried hooking up 2 sensors to the same echo line to save an input pin but would trigger them one after the other through separate trigger pins. What I found out is that the echo line would never go to high because the unused sensor is keeping the line low.

What probably would work is triggering all sensors at the same time and evaluate each echo separately. But I don't fancy programming that in an Arduino environment.

MrSirLRD (author)  Reinbert1 month ago

I originally only tested it with 1, but later used two and had the same problem but found a way to (kinda) fix it and completely forgot to update this instructable with it!

I found if you used an NPN transistor at each of the echo pins (B and C pins connected to the echo pin and the E to IO pin3) the echo pin will only connect to IO pin 3 when it goes high and pin 3 will go high as well.

This seemed to fix it for me but because IO pin 3 is floating at all other times there might be problems.