Instructables
Picture of Arduino Watch with Nokia 3110 screen
My goal for this project is to make a watch with selectable dials, stopwatch and millidays.

This idea started with an Aprils fools prank about metric-time. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K35xG1buyFA)
First I wanted to make a metric clock but soon this idea evolved from a metric watch into an open course watch.

I knew that it would be hard (or impossible) to make the watch small enough to really wear, but I wanted to try it anyway.
This would be mostly a programming project, but that is nice for long, cold and dark winter nights. 

So my watch needs to be:
  • small enough to wear
  • easy to reprogram
  • capable of showing metric time
  • have selectable dails
  • have an easy understandable menu structure
  • controllable with just 2 buttons (digital watches with 4 buttons confuse me)
  • cheap (I'm still Dutch you know)

 
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Step 1: You will need

Picture of You will need
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_DSC4949.jpg
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For the Watch
  • Arduino Nano
  • Nokia 3110 screen (Adafruit or something)
  • 2 pushbuttons
  • 2 10K resistors
  • some wires
  • (optional a thermometer-ic)
  • 2 button-cell batteries
  • 2 small magnets
  • a small breadboard for prototyping if you want


Tools and stuff
  • soldering iron
  • solder
  • desoldering pump (or wick)
  • pliers
  • usb-cable
  • computer with Arduino software


Wristband
  • silicon kit (black)
  • buckle (from old watch)
     
  • plank
  • aluminum 15 mm x 15 mm L-profile
  • aluminum strips and scraps
  • screws
  • polyester filler
  • polyester topcoat
  • wax
  • superglue


tools and stuff
  • screwdriver
  • hacksaw
  • old credit card 
  • spatula
  • dremel
  • grinding stones for the dremel
  • sanding paper
  • some clean cloth
  • rubber gloves
  • ruler
  • sharpy

Step 2: Breadboarding the watch

To check if everything works like I want it to work, I first wire the components up on a breadboard.
I am going to use the library from Adafruit (thank you Lady Ada) to get the screen up and running, so I wire it up like it's written in the test-sketch (program):

// pin 7 - Serial clock out (SCLK)
// pin 6 - Serial data out (DIN)
// pin 5 - Data/Command select (D/C)
// pin 4 - LCD chip select (CS)
// pin 3 - LCD reset (RST)


There is also a wire going from pin 9 to the backlight and a wire to ground. Because the display is actually 3.3V instead of the 5V coming from the Arduino, I wired the VCC to the 3.3V power of the Arduino. The power on the data pins is still 5V though, what can kill your screen, but mine is still working. (no guarantees though)

ATTENTION!!! >>> not all Nokia screen break out boards are wired the same way. Read what is written on the board and wire accordingly.  

I also wired up two push buttons to pin 10 and 11, with a 10K pull down resistor to ground. (see the picture if you need more info)

In the picture it looks like the 3.3V wire is going nowhere, but that is just because I couldn't find the right part in Fritzing (the program that made this picture for me)

Step 3: Programming the sketch

Picture of Programming the sketch
For the screen I used the Adafruit library so it might be wise to start of with the Adafruit test sketch to check if everything is working. This sketch can also teach you a lot about how to program the screen so you can tweak the watch according to your own wishes.

Here you can find the Adafruit sketch together with the Nokia 5110 library and the GFX library. You will also find instructions about how to install the libraries on this page.

When everything is working you can run my watch-sketch.


[There are still some minor glitches in the code but mostly it works great. For the rest please tweak it how you like it.]

Step 4:

#include <Adafruit_GFX.h>
#include <Adafruit_PCD8544.h>
#include <Time.h>                          //adding the time-library

int knoptijd = 250;                        //setting all the variables (sorry for the Dutch names)
int uur = 12;
int minuut = 0;
int seconde = 0;
int dag = 1;
int maand = 1;
int jaar = 2013;
int knoplicht = 11;
int knopmenu = 10;
int lichtwaarde = 0;
int menuwaarde = 0;
float milliuur = 0;
float milliminuut = 0;
float milliseconde = 0;
float millidays = 4000;
int tijd = 0;
int milli = 0;
float millitijd = 0;
int oudeseconde = 0;
int ledpin = 9;
int licht = LOW;
int lichtsterkte = 30;
int schermcontrast = 60;
int temperatuur = 0;
int tempsensor = 0;
int plaatkeuze = 1;
int tempteller = 999;
int temppin = 2;
//int minoud = 59;
int kleur = BLACK;
int kleurwis = WHITE;
int breed = 42;
long tussentijd = 0;
long teller = 0;
long tellerStart = 0;
long tussenstand = 0;
int breedMinWijzer[30] ={0,2,3,5,7,9,10,11,13,14,15,16,17,17,17,18,17,17,17,16,15,14,13,11,10,9,7,5,3,2};
int hoogMinWijzer[60] ={6,6,7,7,8,9,10,11,13,14,15,17,18,20,22,24,26,28,30,31,33,34,35,37,38,39,40,41,41,42,42,42,41,41,40,39,38,37,35,34,33,31,30,28,26,24,22,20,18,17,15,14,13,11,10,9,8,7,7,6};
int breedUurWijzer[36] ={0,6,10,12,10,6,1,7,11,12,10,5,2,8,11,12,9,4,3,9,11,11,9,3,4,9,12,11,8,2,5,10,12,11,7,1};
int hoogUurWijzer[72] ={12,14,18,24,30,34,12,15,19,25,31,35,12,15,20,26,31,35,12,16,21,27,32,36,13,17,22,28,33,36,13,17,23,29,33,36,36,36,33,29,23,17,13,36,33,28,22,17,13,36,32,27,21,16,12,35,31,26,20,15,12,35,31,25,19,15,12,34,30,24,18,14};

// pin 7 - Serial clock out (SCLK)
// pin 6 - Serial data out (DIN)
// pin 5 - Data/Command select (D/C)
// pin 4 - LCD chip select (CS)
// pin 3 - LCD reset (RST)
Adafruit_PCD8544 display = Adafruit_PCD8544(7, 6, 5, 4, 3);

#define NUMFLAKES 10
#define XPOS 0
#define YPOS 1
#define DELTAY 2

void setup()   {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(ledpin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(knoplicht, INPUT);
  pinMode(knopmenu, INPUT);
  pinMode(temppin, OUTPUT);
 
     setTime(uur,minuut,seconde,dag,maand,jaar); //setting the starttime for the clock when it starts up

  display.begin();

  display.setContrast(schermcontrast);
  display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer

}


void loop() {
 
  temper();
   menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
   if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu();                    //if the [menu]button is pusched 
  setmillidays();
  if (plaatkeuze == 1) digitalClockDisplay();
  if (plaatkeuze == 2) wijzerpl();
  if (plaatkeuze == 3) stopwatch();
  if (plaatkeuze == 4) binair();
  if (plaatkeuze == 5) classic();
  if (plaatkeuze == 6) big();
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) lichtaan();
  delay(1);

}


void lichtaan(){
  if (licht == HIGH){
    licht = LOW;
    analogWrite(ledpin, 0);
  }
  else{
    licht = HIGH;
     analogWrite(ledpin, lichtsterkte);
  }
 
  delay(knoptijd);
}

void setmillidays(){
  milliuur = hour() * 41.6667;
  milliminuut = minute() * 0.6944;
  if (oudeseconde == second()){
      milli = millis() - tijd;
  millitijd = milli * 0.0000116;

}
  else{
  millitijd = 0;
  milli = millis() - tijd;
    tijd = millis();
}
 
   oudeseconde = second();
  milliseconde = oudeseconde * 0.0116;
 

millidays = milliuur + milliminuut + milliseconde + millitijd;

}


void setklok(){                              //setting the clock
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
     display.println("v tijd");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the hours
     display.println("");
     display.print("  uur: ");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(uur);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
     delay(knoptijd);
     lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
     while (lichtwaarde == LOW){
       delay(knoptijd);
       menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
       if (menuwaarde == HIGH){
         uur++;
         if (uur > 24) uur = 1;
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
      display.println("v tijd");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the hours
     display.println("");
     display.print("  uur: ");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(uur);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
       }
       lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
     }
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
      display.println("v tijd");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the minutes
     display.println("");
     display.print("  min.: ");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(minuut);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
     delay(knoptijd);
     lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
     while (lichtwaarde == LOW){
       delay(knoptijd);
       menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
       if (menuwaarde == HIGH){
         minuut++;
         if (minuut > 59) minuut = 0;
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
      display.println("v tijd");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the minutes
     display.println("");
     display.print("  min.: ");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(minuut);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
       }
       lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);  
     }
    
                                               //setting the month
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
      display.println("v datum");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the month
     display.println("");
     display.print("  maand:");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(maand);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
     delay(knoptijd);
     lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
     while (lichtwaarde == LOW){
       delay(knoptijd);
       menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
       if (menuwaarde == HIGH){
         maand++;
         if (maand > 12) maand = 1;
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
      display.println("v datum");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the month
     display.println("");
     display.print("  maand:");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(maand);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
       }
       lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);  
     }
    
                                               //setting the day
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
       display.println("v datum");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the day
     display.println("");
     display.print("  dag: ");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(dag);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
     delay(knoptijd);
     lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
     while (lichtwaarde == LOW){
       delay(knoptijd);
       menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
       if (menuwaarde == HIGH){
         dag++;
         if (maand == 1 || maand == 3 || maand == 5 || maand == 7 || maand == 8 || maand == 10 || maand == 12){
           if (dag > 31) dag = 1;
         }
         if (maand == 4 || maand == 6 || maand == 9 || maand == 11){
           if (dag > 30) dag = 1;
         }
         if (maand == 2){
           if (dag > 28) dag = 1;
         }
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
       display.println("v datum");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the day
     display.println("");
     display.print("  dag: ");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.println(dag);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
     delay(knoptijd);
       }
       lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);  
     }
      // year    
     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
       display.println("v datum");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the year
     display.println("");
     display.print("  jaar");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.print(jaar);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
     delay(knoptijd);
     lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
     while (lichtwaarde == LOW){
       delay(knoptijd);
       menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
       if (menuwaarde == HIGH){
         jaar++;

           if (jaar > 2100) jaar = 2013;

     display.clearDisplay();   // clears the screen and buffer
       display.println("v datum");
     display.println("  instellen");                        //setting the year
     display.println("");
     display.print("  jaar");
     display.setTextSize(2);
     display.print(jaar);
     display.setTextSize(1);
     display.print("+ ");
     display.display();
     delay(knoptijd);
       }
       lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);  
     }
      
   setTime(uur,minuut,seconde,dag,maand,jaar);
   delay(knoptijd);
   display.clearDisplay();
   loop();
}


void printDigits(int digits){
  // utility function for digital clock display: prints preceding colon and leading 0

  if(digits < 10)
    display.print('0');
  display.print(digits);
}

void lichtinstellen(){
display.clearDisplay();
display.println("> Sterkte:");
display.println("");
display.setTextSize(2);
display.print(" ");
display.println(lichtsterkte/10);
display.setTextSize(1);
display.println("");
display.print("+ 1----->25");
display.display();
delay(knoptijd);
lichtwaarde = LOW;

  while(lichtwaarde == LOW){
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.println("> Sterkte:");
    display.println("");
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.print(" ");
    display.println(lichtsterkte/10);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.println("");
    display.print("+ 1----->25");
    display.display();
    analogWrite(ledpin, lichtsterkte);
        delay(knoptijd);
       menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
       lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
       if (menuwaarde == HIGH){
         lichtsterkte = lichtsterkte + 10;
         if (lichtsterkte == 260) lichtsterkte = 10;
         analogWrite(ledpin, lichtsterkte);

       }
      
  }
  loop();
}

void contrast(){
display.clearDisplay();
display.println("> Contrast:");
display.println("");
display.setTextSize(2);
display.print(" ");
display.println(schermcontrast);
display.setTextSize(1);
display.println("");
display.print("+ 45%->95%");
display.display();
delay(knoptijd);
lichtwaarde = LOW;

  while(lichtwaarde == LOW){
    display.clearDisplay();
    display.println("> Contrast:");
    display.println("");
    display.setTextSize(2);
    display.print(" ");
    display.println(schermcontrast);
    display.setTextSize(1);
    display.println("");
    display.print("+ 45%->95%");
    display.display();
   
        delay(knoptijd);
       menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
       lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
       if (menuwaarde == HIGH){
         schermcontrast = schermcontrast + 1;
         if (schermcontrast == 95) schermcontrast = 45;
         display.setContrast(schermcontrast);

       }
      
  }
  loop();
}

void temper(){
tempteller++;
if (tempteller == 1000){
  digitalWrite(temppin, HIGH);
  delay(200);
    tempsensor = analogRead(1)* 0.4882812;
  temperatuur = tempsensor - 273.15 - 31.4;  //33 is de correctie doe nodig was voor mijn sensor
  digitalWrite(temppin, LOW);
  tempteller = 0;
  if (temperatuur > 99 || temperatuur < -99) temperatuur = 99;
}
}

void menu(){
  display.setTextSize(1);
  menuwaarde = LOW;
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("klok inst.");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  wijzerplaat");
  display.println("  licht");
  display.println("  contrast");
  display.println("");
  display.print("v terug");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) setklok();
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu2();
}
void menu2(){
  menuwaarde = LOW;
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("wijzerplaat");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  licht");
  display.println("  contrast");
  display.println("");
  display.println("  terug");
  display.print("v klok inst.");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) wijzerplaat();
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu3();
}
void menu3(){
  menuwaarde = LOW;
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("licht");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  contrast");
  display.println("");
  display.println("  terug");
  display.println("  klok inst.");
  display.print("v wijzerplaat");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) lichtinstellen();
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu4();
}
void menu4(){
  menuwaarde = LOW;
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("contrast");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("");
  display.println("  terug");
  display.println("  klok inst.");
  display.println("  wijzerplaat");
  display.print("v licht");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) contrast();
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu5();
}
void menu5(){
  menuwaarde = LOW;
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  terug");
  display.println("  klok inst.");
  display.println("  wijzerplaat");
  display.println("  licht");
  display.print("v contrast");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
//    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) nogOnbekend();
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu6();
}
void menu6(){
  menuwaarde = LOW;
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("terug");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  klok inst.");
  display.println("  wijzerplaat");
  display.println("  licht");
  display.println("  contrast");
  display.print("v");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH){delay(knoptijd); display.clearDisplay(); loop();}
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu();
}


void wijzerplaat(){
lichtwaarde = LOW;
menuwaarde = LOW;
display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("millidays");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  wijzers");
  display.println("  stopwatch");
  display.println("  binair");
  display.println("  classic");
  display.print("v big");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
   
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("millidays");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  wijzers");
  display.println("  stopwatch");
  display.println("  binair");
  display.println("  classic");
  display.print("v big");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
      plaatkeuze = 1;
      loop();
    }
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) wijzerplaat2();
}

void wijzerplaat2(){
menuwaarde = LOW;
delay(knoptijd);
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("wijzers");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  stopwatch");
  display.println("  binair");
  display.println("  classic");
  display.println("  big");
  display.print("v millidays");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
      plaatkeuze = 2;
//     minoud = 61;
         display.clearDisplay();
      loop();
    }
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) wijzerplaat3();
}

void wijzerplaat3(){
menuwaarde = LOW;
delay(knoptijd);
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("stopwatch");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  binair");
  display.println("  classic");
  display.println("  big");
  display.println("  millidays");
  display.print("v wijzers");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
      plaatkeuze = 3;
      loop();
    }
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) wijzerplaat4();
}

void wijzerplaat4(){
menuwaarde = LOW;
delay(knoptijd);
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("binair");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  classic");
  display.println("  big");
  display.println("  millidays");
  display.println("  wijzers");
  display.print("v stopwatch");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
      plaatkeuze = 4;
      loop();
    }
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) wijzerplaat5();
}

void wijzerplaat5(){
menuwaarde = LOW;
delay(knoptijd);
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("classic");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  big");
  display.println("  millidays");
  display.println("  wijzers");
  display.println("  stopwatch");
  display.print("v binair");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
      plaatkeuze = 5;
//     minoud = 61;
         display.clearDisplay();
      loop();
    }
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) wijzerplaat6();
}

void wijzerplaat6(){
menuwaarde = LOW;
delay(knoptijd);
  while (lichtwaarde == LOW && menuwaarde == LOW){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.print("< ");
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK);
  display.println("big");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("  millidays");
  display.println("  wijzers");
  display.println("  stopwatch");
  display.println("  binair");
  display.print("v classic");
  display.display();
    delay(knoptijd);
  
  lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
  menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
  }
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
      plaatkeuze = 6;
      loop();
    }
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) wijzerplaat();
}

void binair(){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK); // 'inverted' text 
  display.print(" 1 2 4 8 ");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    display.print(" ");
  display.println(second());
 
  int b1 = 0;
  int b2 = 0;
  int b3 = 0;
  int b4 = 0;
 
       int x = hour();
       if (x > 12) x = x - 12;
    if(x-8 >= 0){b4=1; x = x -8;}
    if(x-4 >= 0){b3=1; x = x -4;} 
    if(x-2 >= 0){b2=1; x = x -2;} 
    if(x == 1){b1=1;}     
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b1);
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b2);
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b3);
    display.print(" ");
    display.println(b4);

  display.setTextColor(WHITE, BLACK); // 'inverted' text 
  display.println("         1 3 ");
  display.println(" 1 2 4 8 6 2 ");
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  b1 = 0;
  b2 = 0;
  b3 = 0;
  b4 = 0;
  int b5 = 0;
  int b6 = 0;

     x = minute();
    if(x-32 >= 0){b6=1; x = x - 32;}   
    if(x-16 >= 0){b5=1; x = x - 16;}
    if(x-8 >= 0){b4=1; x = x -8;}
    if(x-4 >= 0){b3=1; x = x -4;} 
    if(x-2 >= 0){b2=1; x = x -2;} 
    if(x == 1){b1=1;}     
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b1);
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b2);
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b3);
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b4);
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b5);
    display.print(" ");
    display.print(b6);

  display.display();
}

void stopwatch(){

  delay(knoptijd);
  long tellermini = 0;
  long tellersec = 0;
  long tellermin = 0;
  long tellernu = 0;
  while (tellerStart == 0){
    lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
    menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
    if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu();
    if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
        tellerStart = 1;
        teller = millis();
      }
     display.clearDisplay();
  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("< start");
  display.setTextSize(2);
  display.print("00:00");
  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.println("00");
  display.println();
  display.println("  lap:");
  display.print("  "); 
  display.println("--:--");
  display.print("< menu");
  display.display();   
  }
   
    while (tellerStart == 1){
      if (millis() - teller > 250){
      lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
      menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
      if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
        tellerStart = 2;
      }
      }
      tellernu = millis() - teller;
      for (int i = 0; i < 100; i++){
        if (tellernu > i * 60000) tellermin = i;}
        tellernu = tellernu - (tellermin * 60000);
        for (int j = 0; j < 60; j++){
          if (tellernu > j * 1000) tellersec = j;}
          tellernu = tellernu - (tellersec * 1000);
          for (int k = 0; k < 100; k++){
            if (tellernu > k * 100) tellermini = k;}
           
        display.clearDisplay();
  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("< stop");
  display.setTextSize(2);
printDigits(tellermin);
  display.print(":");
  printDigits(tellersec);
  display.setTextSize(1);
display.print(tellermini);
  display.println();
  display.println();
  display.println("  lap:");
  display.print("  "); 
  display.println("--:--");
  display.print("< laptijd");
  display.display();
    }
 
      while (tellerStart == 2){
        delay(knoptijd);
      lichtwaarde = digitalRead(knoplicht);
      menuwaarde = digitalRead(knopmenu);
      if (lichtwaarde == HIGH) {
        tellerStart = 0;
      }
      if (menuwaarde == HIGH) menu();
        display.clearDisplay();
  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println("< reset");
  display.setTextSize(2);
printDigits(tellermin);
  display.print(":");
  printDigits(tellersec);
  display.setTextSize(1);
display.print(tellermini);
  display.println();
  display.println();
  display.println("  lap:");
  display.print("  "); 
  display.println("--:--");
  display.print("< menu");
  display.display();
    }
 
}

void digitalClockDisplay(){          //printing time and date

  display.clearDisplay();

  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.setCursor(0,0);
  display.print("Millidays");
  if (temperatuur >= 0) display.print(" ");
  if (temperatuur < 10 && temperatuur > 0) display.print(" ");
  display.print(temperatuur);
  display.write(247);
  display.print("C");

  display.setTextSize(2);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println(millidays);

  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
    display.print(day());
  display.print("/");
  display.print(month());
  display.print("/");
  display.println(year());

    display.setTextSize(2);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.print(hour());
    display.print(":");
    printDigits(minute());
       display.setTextSize(1);
  display.print(":");
    printDigits(second());
  display.println();
  display.display();
}

void wijzerpl(){
  kleur = BLACK;
  kleurwis = WHITE;
  breed = 42;
  display.drawCircle(breed, 24, 23, kleur);

  display.drawLine(breed, 2, breed, 3, kleur);
  display.drawLine(breed-22, 24, breed-21, 24, kleur);
  display.drawLine(breed, 46, breed, 45, kleur);
  display.drawLine(breed+22, 24, breed+21, 24, kleur);
  display.display();
  wijzer();
}

void classic(){
  kleur = BLACK;
  kleurwis = WHITE;
  breed = 42;
  display.setCursor(0,0);
   display.println("      XII");
   display.println();
   display.print(" IX        III");
   display.println();
   display.println();
   display.print("      VI");
   display.display();
   wijzer();
  }
 
void wijzer(){
      if (millis() - tussentijd > 5000){ // wait inbetween refreshing
      tussentijd = millis();
     
  // deleting the old hands
    display.fillCircle(breed, 24, 19, kleurwis);

    // placing the minute hand
    for (int i = 0; i < 30; i++){
      if (minute() == i) display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed+breedMinWijzer[i], hoogMinWijzer[i], kleur);
      if (minute() == i+30) display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed-breedMinWijzer[i], hoogMinWijzer[i+30], kleur);
    }

// placing the hour hand
for (int i = 0; i < 6; i++){
   if (hour() == i || hour() == i+12){
     if (minute() < 10){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed+breedUurWijzer[i], hoogUurWijzer[i], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 20){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed+breedUurWijzer[i+6], hoogUurWijzer[i+6], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 30){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed+breedUurWijzer[i+12], hoogUurWijzer[i+12], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 40){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed+breedUurWijzer[i+18], hoogUurWijzer[i+18], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 50){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed+breedUurWijzer[i+24], hoogUurWijzer[i+24], kleur);}
else{ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed+breedUurWijzer[i+30], hoogUurWijzer[i+30], kleur);}

  }}}}}
   if (hour() == i+6 || hour() == i+18){
     if (minute() < 10){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed-breedUurWijzer[i], hoogUurWijzer[i+36], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 20){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed-breedUurWijzer[i+6], hoogUurWijzer[i+42], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 30){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed-breedUurWijzer[i+12], hoogUurWijzer[i+48], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 40){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed-breedUurWijzer[i+18], hoogUurWijzer[i+54], kleur);}
else{if (minute() < 50){ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed-breedUurWijzer[i+24], hoogUurWijzer[i+60], kleur);}
else{ display.drawLine(breed, 24, breed-breedUurWijzer[i+30], hoogUurWijzer[i+66], kleur);}

  }}}}}
}
    }
        display.display();
}

void big(){
  display.clearDisplay();
  display.setTextSize(1);
  display.setTextColor(BLACK);
  display.println();
  display.setTextSize(3);
  display.print(hour());
  display.setTextSize(2);
    display.print(":");
  display.setTextSize(3);
  printDigits(minute());
  display.display();
 
}

Step 5: Menu structure

When you turn on the watch, you will start on the "millidays" clock face. (I'm sorry all text is in Dutch)

Millidays clock face
  • Top button tuns on/off the backlight
  • Bottom button let you go to the "menu"
Menu
  • Top button selects the selection (inverse color)
  • Bottom button scrolls down trough the choices
    You can only scroll down. When you are at the last selection, you will start with the first again.
The menu has the following choices:
  • klok inst. (set clock)
  • wijzerplaat (clock face)
  • licht (backlight)
  • contrast (contrast)
  •  
  • terug (return)
Klok inst. (set clock)
  • Top button scrolls to the next
  • Bottom button increases value

Top button scrolls from
  • uur (hour)
  • min. (minute)
  • maand (month)
  • dag (day)
  • jaar (year)
  • back to clock face

Wijzerplaat (clock face)

Here you can choose the different clock faces (and you might add some)
See the pictures for the explanation off the different faces.
  • Top button turns on/off the back light
  • Bottom button let you go to the "menu"

Licht (light)

With this function you can select the brightness of the backlight from 0 (off) till 25
  • Top button selects the brigtness shown on the screen
  • Bottom button turns up the brightness from 3 to 25 to 1 and then up till 25 again

Contrast

With this function you can select the contrast of the screen from 45% till 95%. (caution on my screen the text is hard to see from 45% - 50%.)
  • Top button selects the contrast shown on the screen
  • Bottom button turns up the contrast from 60% to 95% to 45% to 95% by 1% increments

Terug (return)

By selecting this, you will go back to the last selected clock face.

Step 6: Shrinking the project

Picture of Shrinking the project
_DSC4951.jpg
_DSC4952.jpg
_DSC4953.jpg
_DSC4957.jpg
To make this watch wearable we need to shrink it down a little.

First step in the shrinking process is to get rid of the headers. Of course we need to lose the breadboard and some of the wire.
It is a bit of a pain to desolder and remove the headers. For me it helped to first snip them into single headers with a wire clipper.
Next I soldered in the flexible wires. I only had black and red wire so I had to take care not to mix them up. I used some shrinking tube to insulate the headers on the display.
Finally add the resistors and the buttons. (I also added a thermometer-IC. That was not a big success for me. If you don't you need to remove some code)

Step 8: A watch strap

Picture of A watch strap
To make it really wearable I will need to design and make an enclosure for the watch and a watch strap. The first idea was to 3d-print an enclosure and just buy normal watch-straps. There are two reasons why that didn't happen. First I don't own a 3D-printer and second, I need a place to put the batteries in the straps.

So I came up with the idea to make the enclosure and strap out of one piece of silicone.

To make this silicone strap I will need to make:
  • mold
  • dummy-watch
  • dummy batteries
  • buckle from old watch

Step 9: The mold

To make the mold

The mold is the form where the silicone will be put into and then removed from when it is dried.
For the basic form I used a scrap piece of wood and some 15 x 15 mm L-shapes aluminum. I also used some other scrap pieces of aluminum.

Making the global form
  • First I have drawn the global form I wanted on the piece of wood.
  • By screwing pieces of 15x15 aluminum on the wood I made the basic shape.
  • I used some scrap pieces to close the holes in the mold.
  • Some pieces aluminum that are cut in the right size are used to make the strap part less deep than the housing part.
Refining the form
I used a two component polyester putty to refine the shape
  • First cover the whole of the inside of the mold with the 2-component putty.
  • Next smooth it out with a piece of an old credit card.
  • wait until it is dry (that will not be long)
  • Finally sand it al smooth with sandpaper and a Dremel.
  • Repeat this steps as often as you like.

Finishing the mold
To close al the pores and to get it really smooth I used polyester top-coat. When you work with this stuff; BE SAFE. If you don't know how to work safe with polyester than don't work with it until you do know!
  • make the top coat by mixing the harder and the pigment into the polyester.
  • coat the inside of the mold with a brush.
  • wait for it to dry.


Step 10: The dummy watch

To make the dummy

We need to make a dummy in the shape of the electronics to put in the mold when we put in the silicone.
I made this dummy from pieces of aluminum plate.
  • Cut the aluminum in the exact sizes of the different parts of the electronics like the screen, the pcb of the screen, the electronics on the Arduino, the pcb of the Arduino and the buttons.
  • Glue the sheets on top of each other in a way that they will get the shape of the electronics. (I used superglue)
  • Make the shape a little bit more organic with polyester putty.
  • Let it dry.
  • Sand it smooth.

The dummy battery
  • To make the dummy for the batteries, I just glued two old empty batteries on top of each other.
  • Filled the gap inbetween the two batteries with putty.
  • Let it dry.
  • Sand it all smooth.

Step 11: Casting the strap

Prepare the mold

Before we can squeeze the silicone in the mold, we first have to prepare the mold with wax, so that we can also extract the form out of the mold when it is finished.
  • Check if the dummies fit inside the mold.
  • Make a wire from the battery to the watch.
  • Hold the wire in place with tape/magnets.
  • remove the dummies from the mold.
  • Simply rub the wax into the whole inside of the mold.
  • Rub hard with a soft cloth. (The hard rubbing will heat up the wax and make sure that it comes everywhere)
  • Rub wax on the watch dummy and the battery dummy.

Fill the mold with silicone

I used a black (dark grey) silicone kit that is normally used to seal stone kitchen counters. Now the fun starts!
This is harder than I thought. It is really easy to get air trapped inside.
  • Start with silicone in the bottom of the housing part of the mold.
  • Put silicone inside the gaps in the dummy.
  • Half fill the part of the strap where the battery will go.
  • Put the dummy watch, wire and dummy battery in the mold.
  • Push the battery dummy half in the silicone.
  • Push the watch dummy all the way to the bottom. (get as little as possible of the silicone underneath the watch dummy)
  • Fill the rest of the mold with silicone (try to get no air trapped in the mold)
  • Remove the excess silicone with a wet credit card.
  • Make sure all the parts are underneath the silicone.
  • Wait for the silicone to dry (it will take at least 10 days to dry)

Step 12: Demolding

Taking the watch strap out off the mold
  • Wait for two weeks (I know that this is almost impossible)
  • Peel the strap out of the mold. (It can help to work the flexible silicone to get it lose)
  • Cut away the excess silicone on the front of the dummy watch screen.
  • Remove the dummy watch out off the strap (remove the tape that is holding the wire, from the mold)
  • Remove the tape from the wire.
  • Cut a slit over the battery on (what will be) the back of the watch. (so you can remove the battery dummy)
  • Remove the battery dummy. (be careful to leave the wires and the bottom magnet behind)


Step 13: Insert the electronics

Picture of Insert the electronics
_DSC5059.JPG
To make the electronics removable, I added a connector to the two wires that are already in the strap. One wire will connect to the (still unconnected) Vcc wire on the Arduino. The other wire will connect to the free GND connector on the PCB of the screen (any other GROUND connection would also do)
  • Connect the wires.
  • Wiggle the electronics in the housing.
  • Measure (or trace) what wire goes to GND and what goes to Vcc.
  • Put two batteries in the space where the dummy battery used to be. (make sure that the wires are connected correctly to the batteries. I used 3 very flat magnets to connect the wires to the batteries)

Step 14: The buckle

Adding the buckle
  • Remove the buckle from an old watch
  • Cut an gap to make space for the lip
  • Drill a hole to put the pin trough
  • Montage the buckle
  • Measure how big the strap needs to be
  • Punch a hole (or more) in the strap

Step 15: Finished

Finished watch

No not really.
There are still some things I want to change in the software:
  • The stopwatch doesn't work 100% yet.
  • The time setting can be better.
  • The thermometer doesn't work.
  • New faces could be added.
  • A tekst-clock should be added.

The hardware needs lots of improvement:
  • The electronics should be even smaller.
  • The strap opens up when you put it around your wrist.
  • There are to many air bubbles in the strap.
  • The strap is torn open in some areas.

So this is a nice start, who will take it to the next level?
Raphango26 days ago

Whoa! Great! I am eager to see your next version!

shizumadrive6 months ago

Someone who has a laser cutter could probably make a real nice case for the watch like the pi-bow acrylic cases.

http://www.adafruit.com/blog/2013/04/12/new-produc...

or maybe a Venture Brothers watch case

https://tinkercad.com/things/0k5ZNdYNW48-venture-bros-communicator-watch

kenyer (author)  shizumadrive6 months ago
I've just got myself a 3d-printer so I might come up with something nice :) Thanx for the ideas.
Cool. Cant wait to see the next version.
Eagle199393 made it!6 months ago

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LYd_xpe8wao

GUP8KDADnEg.jpg
kenyer (author)  Eagle1993936 months ago

Wow COOL! You've got the temp. sensor working correctly! Really cool

I made some changes with your cod.

kenyer (author)  Eagle1993936 months ago

can you post the changes you've made?

https://github.com/DimanRoad/1111/blob/master/5110...

There are some unnecessary lines of code. but how you can see it works. I use LM35 sensor, connect it to pin A0 on Arduino.

BadPuns7 months ago
This is awesome. I didn't know someone had already come up with a concept of metric time. I was tossing that idea around years ago. You could make this into a pocketwatch and then you wouldn't have to worry about making is as small, or worry about the wrist band.
kenyer (author)  BadPuns7 months ago
That is really a good idea! Thanx
rmd65028 months ago
This is epic! I have a similar project at github.com/rmd6502/arduino_watch - feel free to use anything from there if you find it useful. I think with a custom PCB and some really steady hands you can get this much smaller :-)
kenyer (author)  rmd65028 months ago
You made me really curious, but your link doesn't work. (steady hands might be the problem :) )
rmd6502 kenyer8 months ago
https://github.com/rmd6502/Arduino-Watch dash instead of underscore :-)
kenyer (author)  rmd65028 months ago
nice, thats a real smart-watch concept. Did you bring it further than the picture?
The nerdling8 months ago
have you thought of making kits of this?
kenyer (author)  The nerdling8 months ago
No I didn't. All parts are easily obtainable so I don't think there would be much demand. For me this project was more a proof of concept.
ok
MartijnD1 year ago
Nice project! Some ideas for your next watch: Use li-po batteries like ipod shuffle, good imitations replacement are cheap, add wireless charging and communication or via gold contacts, see garmin etrex gps units for example, embed fabric before casting like carbon fibre, cast in "natural" shape(not flat)
kenyer (author)  MartijnD8 months ago
great ideas for 2.0. The casting in shape will be hard though, because of gravity and the manufacturing of the mold.
hchan1011 months ago
Which Thermometer IC do you use ?
kondzio291 year ago
And one more question: is it possible to make your project using nokia 3310 display extracted from an old phone ?
kenyer (author)  kondzio291 year ago
Hi Kondzio,
I haven't tried it yet, but I think it should work with just a screen taken from an old Nokia. This is also just a screen soldered on a PCB.
kondzio291 year ago
isn't it nokia 3310 display?
you should make an arduino clone using the bare minimum of parts needed for atmel chip to work. think about it! when you finish the project and everything will be ok, you don't have to reprogram the arduino every time. i think you should make your own arduino clone using the dimensions of nokia display board. using that amount of wires can be a real problem. and another idea is to use 3.3V for arduino instead of 5V. you will only need 2 batteries and a small low drop-out regulator to power everything. also, you can try something like automatic light up the screen when you turn the wrist to watch what's the clock. this small improvement it's used by casio watches. cheers!
kenyer (author)  Timofte Andrei1 year ago
Cool ideas! I already made an Arduino-clone, but I won't be able to make it smaller than this one. I am waiting for my 3d-printer now to make a new housing for it. I like the idea of integrating a light-sensitive resistor and a tilt-sensor.
I should have used a 3.3V Arduino, but I didn't have one and this also works :)
Thank you for your ideas!
hertzgamma1 year ago
Great work!
arnefl1 year ago
Cool project. You could use voltage dividers like here http://www.instructables.com/file/F4VCSBHGJQEJQFX
kenyer (author)  arnefl1 year ago
I know. They also exist in an IC format. The problem was that I din't have the parts (or the patience to wait for is) and I didn't have the room to put it.
The drawing is a really good explanation of the voltage divider.
Cello621 year ago
Great project!