Introduction: Arduino and 7 Segment LED Display Decoder

Picture of Arduino and 7 Segment LED Display Decoder

In this instructable i will explain how to connect 7 segment display, decoder and arduino. It´s pretty easy. At first we have to learn something about decoder. I´m using BCD to 7 segment decoder. My is D147D, this is old chip, but the newer are similar. Documentation about one of them you can find here . Description of D147D you can see on picture two. There are four pins for sending BCD code to the decoder (ABCD). Table of BCD code you can see on third picture. But there is small problem. I thing, that pins are inside of chip connected to VCC source. If you want set logic zero on input, you must connect this input to the ground.

The second think, which you need is display. You need display with common anode (+). There are a lot of displays, you can choose. Pinout of display which i used is on picture four(column A). How to connect decoder with display you can see in next step.

Step 1: Connect It Together

Picture of Connect It Together

On first picture you can see schematic. I think, that next pictures shows everything what you will need. On last picture is set prepared for testing. (picture was made in Fritzing)

Step 2: Add Arduino

Picture of Add Arduino

Now connect four arduino pins on ABCD inputs of decoder. As I sad before logic 0 is on input, whem it isn,t connected to the ground. On arduino it means, that it is set logic 1(HIGH) on output of arduino. If you want set logic 1 on input of decoder, you need set 0(LOW) on arduino output. (picture was made in Fritzing)
Code can looks like this:

int inputs[4] = {17,14,15,16}; // A,B,C,D inputs
byte BCD[16][4] ={{0,0,0,0},
{1,0,0,0},
{0,1,0,0},
{1,1,0,0},
{0,0,1,0},
{1,0,1,0},
{0,1,1,0},
{1,1,1,0},
{0,0,0,1},
{1,0,0,1},
{0,1,0,1},
{1,1,0,1},
{0,0,1,1},
{1,0,1,1},
{0,1,1,1},
{1,1,1,1}}; //BCD code
int number = 5; //which number in BCD code do you want to send

void setup() {
for(int a = 0; a < 4; a++){
pinMode(inputs[a], OUTPUT);} //set outputs
}

void loop() {

for(int c = 0; c < 4; c++){
digitalWrite(inputs[c], BCD[number][c]);
}


}

Comments

MacUKs (author)2017-09-22

Hi. I dont know about 7 segment displays, but the code you use to create a bcd output is long. I created a bcde (4 bit output) to drive a 1 to 16 decoder in 10 lines.

for (int x=1; x<16; ++x) {

int a=bitRead(x,0); // Reads the 1st bit of x, (ie 0 or 1)

digitalWrite(pin, a); // Sets the 1st pin output to the logic (ie 0 or 1) of 1st bit

int b=bitRead(x,1); // Reads 2nd bit of x, (0 or 1)

digitalWrite(pin,b); // Sets 2nd pin output to the logic of 2nd bit

int c=bitRead(x,2); // Reads 3rd bit of x

digitalWrite(pin,c); // Sets pin 3rd pin to logic of bit 3

intd=bitRead(x,3); // Reads 4th bit of x

digitalWrite(pin,d); // Sets 4th pin to logic of 4th bit

}

im sure theres a even shorter way, someone will come up with.

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