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Abstract

The Arduino inbuilt 10 bit ADC, can be used for constructing / measuring the 0Volt to 50Volt Digital Volt Meter. Popular MAX7219 display driver, connected with Arduino Uno will be used for displaying the measured voltage. This voltmeter can read only DC voltage.

Parts and components

  • Arduino Uno board
  • Max7219 4 Digit 7Segment Common cathode displays = 1 Nos
  • Or Max7219 assembled board
  • Resistor 27 K = 1 No
  • Resistor 1.2M = 1 No
  • IN5913B 3.3 Volt Zener diode = 1 No

Step 1: Schematic

  • The MAX7219 display driver chip provides a 3-wire serial (SPI) interface to drive 7-segment LED displays (common-cathode type) up to 8 digits.
  • The on-chip includes a BCD decoder, multiplex scan circuitry, segment and digit drivers, and an 8×8 static RAM to store the digit values.
  • The DIN, LOAD and CLOCK pins of MAX7219 is connected with 11,10 and 9 digital IO pins of Arduino.
  • A four digit, common cathode seven segment display is connected to the drive pins of MAX7219.
  • Otherwise, one can use the pre-assembled MAX7219 board with 4 digits, and connect the drive pins accordingly.
  • Voltage divider circuit is used to divide voltage into two parts (measurement and drop).
  • Internal Vref (1100 mV) of Arduino is selected for measurement.
  • The resistor R3 (1200K) and R2 (27K) forms the voltage divider, and connected to analog input pin of Arduino (A0).
  • IN5913B 3.3 Volt Zener diode, at A0 pin, will product the Arduino, from over voltage inputs.
  • Vmeasurment = (R2 / R3+R2 ) * Vin.
  • If Vin is 50V then Vmeasurment = (27/1227) * 50V = 1.1 V = 1100 mV.
  • ADC Resolution = Vref / (1024 -1).
  • ADC Resolution = 1.1 V / 1023 = 1100mV / 1023 = 1.075 mV.
  • DVM Resolution = 50 / 1023 = 48.875 mV.

Step 2: Software

  • The Arduino LedControl library is used for displaying digits on MAX7219.
  • The 1.1V internal reference is chosen for the ADC.
  • The voltage divider will, provide the input voltage between 0 to 1100mV.
  • Hence the software will measure and display the values between 00.00 Volt to 50.00 Volt.
  • 10 bit ADC reading is mapped to 1100 mV, which is the Vref mille volt.

/*
Measurement of 0V - 50V DC input Uses the MAX7219 and a 4x7 Segment display. The Arduino circuit connection for 7219: * MAX7219 DIN pin to digital pin 11 * MAX7219 LOAD pin to digital pin 10 * MAX7219 CLOCK pin to digital pin 9 Name:- M.Pugazhendi Date:- 12thJul2016 Version:- V0.1 e-mail:- muthuswamy.pugazhendi@gmail.com * /

// include the library code: #include <LedControl.h>

int analogPin1 = 0; // LM35 temperature sensor connected to analog pin 2 int val = 0; // variable to store the value read

// inputs: DIN pin, CLK pin, LOAD pin. number of chips LedControl mydisplay = LedControl(11, 9, 10, 1);

void setup() { analogReference(INTERNAL); mydisplay.shutdown(0, false); // turns on display mydisplay.setIntensity(0, 15); // 15 = brightest mydisplay.setDigit(0, 0, 9, false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 1, 8, false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 2, 7, false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 3, 6, false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 4, 5, true); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 5, 4, false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 6, 3, false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 7, 2, false); }

void loop() { // read the Analog input pin val = analogRead(analogPin1); int converted = map(val, 0, 1023, 0,5000); converted = HexToBCD(converted);

//Display the values mydisplay.setDigit(0, 0, ((converted>>12)&0x0F), false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 1, ((converted>>8)&0x0F), true); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 2, ((converted>>4)&0x0F), false); mydisplay.setDigit(0, 3, (converted&0x0F), false); //One second delay between readings delay(1000); }

/**************************************************************************/ /*! * \brief Coverts hex into BCD * * This function will coverts hex into BCD * * \param[in] byte * \param[out] byte * \return Nill *
*/ /**************************************************************************/ unsigned int HexToBCD(unsigned int number) { unsigned char i=0; unsigned int k = 0;

while(number) { k = ( k ) | ((number%10) << i*4); number = number / 10; i++; }

return(k); }

Conclusion

  • The project is successfully simulated by using the Proteus.
  • The measured DC voltage is displayed 4 digit 7 segment display.

Very cool! How accurate is the circuit?
<br>The DVM Resolution is approximately 50mV.<br><br>DVM Resolution = 50 / 1023 = 48.875 mV.
<p>Hi!</p><p>i have successfully simulated by using proteus,Just was a little problem it needs ledcontrol library to be add in arduino compiler.Thanks</p>
<p>I need to make 230v ac main voltage controller. If it over need to show &quot;over voltage&quot; and if it under voltage it need to show &quot;Under voltage&quot; .Those two situation there should be disconnected the appliance. If min voltage between 200 to 240 volts it is normal and connect the appliance. Please give me idea to do this project. </p>
<p>hai</p><p>following suggest a transformer circuit - battery is better - COMPLETLY ISOLATED </p><p>For 230 v - which &quot;&quot;played with&quot;&quot; - and got a few belts from - the use of a MAX 138 / 139 / 140 - which built as well ( sadly the days of &quot;samples&quot; long gone , but one can at least reward by good reference )</p><p>Its 3.5 digits of device - depends how accurate it required as the article has eight digits - and ain't gonna get no-where near microvolts </p><p>As an article which authour enjoyed fair enough </p><p>Old adage </p><p>An engineer does for &pound;1 what any damn fool can do for &pound;5 </p><p>How many DVM with eight digits </p>
<p>Monitoring mains AC voltage is nothing like measure DC voltage like in this project. However, you'll want to look at the measurement that the open energy monitor project has documented (i.e. using a 9V AC transformer to do the measurement at a safer voltage - https://openenergymonitor.org/emon/buildingblocks/measuring-voltage-with-an-acac-power-adapter). You'll then want to have the main power to your appliance connected to the mains via a relay, which you can turn on and off, in order to connect or disconnect your appliance to the mains. This is of course just one of many possible ways - you could wirelessly control one of those wireless switch thingys (X1??) or a foot switch type switch for accessing hard to get power points. </p>
<p>So this could be a great project for an automobile?</p>

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