This instructable shows a demonstration of a single-phase asynchronous motor (induction motor).
I made some pieces with a metal lathe, but you can customize the implementation using a simple drill and recycled materials (metal, plastic, wood, cardboard).
Step 1: Materials and tools
2 or 3 x relays (I use only the 12V coils)
1 x capacitor 4.7µF
1 x used bicycle dynamo (I need only the magnet)
1 x transformer 110 or 230V / 12V
Some pieces of metal (aluminum tube, brass rod)
A few pieces of plastic
A few pieces of epoxy copper plates for printed circuit boards (PCB)
Drill (preferably drill press)
Possibly a little lathe
Saw, file, soldering iron, glue