What it offers?
- Adjustable reference voltage for AREF with trimmer.
- 8 leds connected PORTA with removable jumpers, so you can use leds also with another ports.
- Spike bars for PORTA, PORTB, PORTC and PORTD.
- Modified spike bar for LCD-screen (4 bit)
- rs232 serial port connector
- Removable rs232 module
- Regulated 5V
What you will need? (parts for main board)
- 1x Atmega16 or Atmega32 processor
- 1x crystal (It is your choice how many Mhz it will be)
- 2x 27 pF capacitors for crystal
- 1x 7805 voltage regulator
- 1x 47uF 16V capacitor
- 3x 100nF capacitor
- 1x DC-jack 2,1mm or 2,5mm (what ever you want use)
- 1x 1K potentiometer
- 8x led (any colour)
- 8x 330 Ohm resistors
- lot of spike bars
Parts for rs232 module
- Max232 IC
- 4x 0,1uF capacitors
- 2x led (green and red)
- 2x 330 Ohm resistors
- Spike bar
Step 1: The Circuit Boards
Step 2: Etching or Milling
Step 3: Soldering
Step 4: Testing
IMPORTANT! SCK, MISO, MOSI and RST signals needs 390 Ohm resistors which are usually soldered on board, but I wanted save some space from the board and that's why the resistors are inside the cable. Without these resistors programming won't work.
We also have to do a cable between rs232 module and the main board.
There is also couple "test wires" on the picture and these are really useful when we are going to test our board.
Step 5: Programming and Simple Test Program
IMPORTANT! We have to disable JTAG from PORTC, if we don't do that, the lcd-module won't work, so it is necessary.
In Linux operating we can do it with avrdude command:
avrdude -p m16 -c stk200 -U lfuse:w:0xe4:m -U hfuse:w:0xd9:m
This command disables JTAG and set 8Mhz internal oscillator up and use. Our board have external crystal, but people use different size of crystals, so this command is safe for all. If you wanna use your external crystal here is sitefor calculating correct fuses.
IMPORTATNT! Be careful with fuse programming. If you set wrong fuse values, your processor will be inoperative. There is a way recover it with external pulse, but let's hope that you don't have to do that =)
Simple testing program:
DDRA = 0xff; // set port as output
DDRB = 0xff;
DDRC = 0xff;
DDRD = 0xff;
PORTA = 0x00; // disable all pull-ups
PORTB = 0x00;
PORTC = 0x00;
PORTD = 0x00;
It is time to power up the board and send this little test program to processor with the winavr or what ever you wanna use.
Now we can test that our ports works correctly. Put one end from the wire to the one of the leds pinhead and touch with the another end every ports spike step by step. The led should shine every time. If it not shine, then there is something wrong with the soldering. Remember test also that every led works.
Step 6: Testing Serial Port
Usage in Linux:
Create file called Makefile and copy below text in the file.
The Makefile code assumes that you are using Atmega16 and your programming cable is stk200
Remember set correct permissions to your serial port /dev/ttyS0
CFLAGS=-g -Os -Wall -mcall-prologues -mmcu=atmega16 -std=gnu99
program : $(TARGET).hex
$(AVRDUDE) -p m16 -P /dev/parport0 -c stk200 -u -U flash:w:test.hex
%.obj : %.o
$(CC) $(CFLAGS) $< -o $@
%.hex : %.obj
$(OBJ2HEX) -R .eeprom -O ihex $< $@
rm -f *.hex *.obj *.o
Download atteched file serial.c and put it in the same folder where Makefile is.
Power up your development board and put cable between rs232 module and main board. The leds on module should light now. Put test wire between PA0 pin and some of leds pin.
Use your terminal and go to the folder where is test.c and the Makefile. Connect ISP-programmer to the board. Now it is time to send our code in the processor and it happens with terminal command: make
Download software called GTKterm(Serial Port Terminal).
Fedora: yum install gtkterm
Ubuntu: sudo apt-get install gtkterm
Start GTKterm and format it use 9600Kbs speed, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no parity, overflow none.
If everything works, it should write "works!" on the GTKterm screen when you press the "z" button and when you press "x" button the led on board should turn on and when you press "c" its should turn off.
Step 7: LCD-module Test
LCD-module pin connections:
1 = VSS(Ground)
2 = VDD(5V)
3 = VO(Ground)
4 = RS
5 = R/W
6 = E
11 = PC4
12 = PC5
13 = PC6
14 = PC7
My lcd-module contains 2 connectors(see the picture), because the text goes up side down if you put the module as it should be. I mirrored and glued new connector to other side. Now it works both ways.
Step 8: Some Videos