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Step 1: The Box
- On the cut edges of the side and bottoms boards, drill 3 holes along each side (6 total per board). Make the hole about 1/2” from the cut edge. For the top, drill 4 holes, 2 on each side on the factory (uncut) edge.
- On a flat surface, place the front and back boards with the 24” edge down, so that the boards are upside down. There should be a 8 1/2” - 8 3/4” space between the boards. Lay the bottom board in place on top of the front and back boards, and screw in place, carefully keeping the face boards square. Test the width of your bait hive by placing your top bars in between the face boards. They should fit easily, but not have any spaces between the top bars. Now, screw in each side board, carefully keeping the width of your box consistent.
- Drill out an entrance hole on the bottom of one of the sides. Round the edges of the hole a bit to give a nice, funnel - like opening.
- Paint around the opening of the hive with just a bit of white paint. Once this paint is dry, add some lines and decorations around the opening with your yellow highlighter. Bees can see fluorescent colors very well, and having a contrasting color around the entrance will make it easier for the swarm scouts to find the front door.
- Put your top bars in your hive. Attach the pieces of sheet metal on each side to prevent the top bars from moving or shifting.
Step 2: Bee Lure
- When the water is simmering, place 1/4 cup of olive oil and 1" cube of beeswax in the glass jar. Stir constantly.
- Once the wax is melted, turn off the heat. Place about 15-20 drops of lemongrass oil in the wax/olive oil mixture, and stir well.
- Once it's cool, rub a bit of the bee lure on each top bar in your bait hive, and a bit around the entrance. You don’t need much, just a dab.
- Place the hive between 8 and 15 feet high. Putting the hive in a tree or on a roof works well.
- The hive should not be in full, direct sunlight, but a bit of broken shade works well.
- Face the entrance of the hive towards the sun, being South in the Northern Hemisphere, and North in the Southern Hemisphere.
- If you have a bit of old brood comb, it is good to place this in your bait hive as well.
Once you set your hive, leave it alone for 2-3 weeks. When you go check on your hive, just look at it from a distance, try not to handle it very much. You can add more bee lure every once in a while, like every month or so.