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Air cannons are an iconic DIY project. You can find a lot of great examples online. There are cannons that are powered by combustion and cannons that are powered by compressed air. They can be used to fire anything from golf balls, to water bottles, to candy.

But in this project, we are doing something a little different. We are going to make a baking soda and vinegar cannon. This is very similar to the baking soda and vinegar volcanoes that we made as kids. I have just scaled up the reaction so that it can be used to send a potato flying through the air.

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Step 1: Safety Warning

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This should really go without saying, but POTATO CANNONS ARE NOT SAFE! If you do not handle them properly, they can seriously injure or kill you. They can also cause great damage to property. Mixing chemicals in a closed container can create high pressures that can cause the container to explode. Build this project at your own risk. Please be safe. Have responsible adults nearby at all times. Don't do anything stupid.

Also, it may not be legal to fire a potato cannon in your area. Be aware of your local laws.

Step 2: Materials

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Here are the materials and tools that you will need for this project.


4 inch diameter PVC pipe

2 inch diameter PVC pipe

Two 2 inch to 4 inch PVC pipe adapter

Two 2 inch PVC pipe ball valve (solvent weld)

Pressure gauge

Plumber's tape

PVC primer

PVC cement


Baking soda






Measuring cups

Long pole

Looks like crazy fun! How far do the potatoes fly?

The range depends on the size of the reaction chamber, the pressure in the reaction chamber and the length of the barrel. The performance is identical to a regular compressed air cannon of the same dimensions. With my design, I was getting about 200 feet at 40 psi.

I just made one (haven't fired it yet) with a 24" long (4" diameter) reaction chamber. The video talks about 1 cup of vinegar and 1/4 cup of baking soda generating only 20 psi. What did you do to get it up to 40 psi?

DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)  lime3D14 days ago

It takes some trial and error to figure out what amounts of baking soda and vinegar will produce what pressure. I found that 40 PSI works pretty well but I wouldn't recommend going any higher than this.

ExplosionsInc made it!1 month ago

We built one last month with a couple of modifications. We made the reaction chamber a bit bigger and we painted it black so it was, like, tactical. It's a stealth potato cannon. It worked really well and was a total blast to play with! We have a video of the built at https://youtu.be/SAvGJtlC43s.


Ha! I love it. You guys are awesome!

KennyP32 months ago
Can u guys make a veido of u guys making it step by step I'm doing it for a civil war project and it needs to fire so I don't want to screw it up
DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)  KennyP32 months ago
If you follow the instructions carefully, you should be okay.
RoboNerd319035 months ago


gemoney1 year ago
Can I make a metal rifle version of this with a wood stock
-CCCP- gemoney1 year ago

The vinegar would corrode the metal. So, no.

-CCCP- gemoney1 year ago

The vinegar would corrode the metal. So, no.

-CCCP- gemoney1 year ago

The vinegar would corrode the metal. So, no.

DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)  gemoney1 year ago
You need a very large reaction chamber to build up enough pressure. So it probably wouldn't fit in the dimensions of a typical rifle.
gemoney1 year ago
but im going to fire corks out of the rifle version so will it work because its not as dense as potatoes
DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)  gemoney1 year ago
I don't know. The ammo needs to make a good seal with the barrel without getting stuck. Potatoes work well because they easily deform to fit the barrel.
The shirt really communicates the spirit of the project.
Costarus1 year ago

Funny Bazooka... Need one crane that would separate container. In one capacity - Baking Soda, in other capacity - Vinegar. You can charge in advance. To open the crane - mixing. Longevity charged.

4equal1 year ago

how much did this project cost? + looks awesome fun

DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)  4equal1 year ago
At my hardware store the materials cost about $50

wow. I got mine done for less than $10. but I do live in India at the current moment

made a cannon once hair spray got boring. used a little nitro methane. from rc truck. it was mean

muddog151 year ago
I shot mine at 60 psi. My potato kinda got lost. Lol.
I have lost a number of potatoes. If you want to keep track of them, you can spray paint the end of the potato.
Well. I got mine impounded by mom. I broke a window...
Well. I got mine impounded by mom. I broke a window...

Do you think it is possible with dry ice and bouncy balls?

Possible? Yes. But you need to be extremely careful with dry ice. It is really easy to use to much and over pressurize the tank.

Super Awesome!