Step 1: Materials Needed
- Cage which is preferably 4x3x5 ft. (length x width x height) or larger.
- Reptile heat lamps (day light, and a blue night light)
- UV light which provides at least 7 watts per cubic foot of UV radiation
- shelving or branches
- Spray bottle or humidifier
- Nail clippers
- Tub or a bath
- Plants (real or fake) to decorate habitat
- Water bowl
- wash rag
Materials needed for iguana salad:
- Food processor
- 1 quart freezer bags (20 should do)
- B1 vitamin
- food plate or bowl
- The following fruits and vegetables: 1 mango, 1 cantelope, 1 sweet potato, 4 yellow squash, 1.5 cups of green beans, 2 parsnips, 2 carrots, 1 cup dry alfalfa pellets, 1 bunch of collard greens
Step 2: Setting up the habitat
1. Make sure cage holds heat and moisture well (you should maintain a relative humidity above 40% in the cage). If sides or top of cage consist of wire or other open material, covering them with a plastic shower curtain will help. Using Plastic sides (such as plexiglass) for your habitat is recommended in order to keep heat and humidity at correct levels.
NOTE: I HAVE REPLACED THE WALLS OF MY HABITAT WITH CLEAR PLEXIGLASS
2. Pick out a basking area in the cage where you will build a shelf or place a branch
3. repeat step 2 except for a sleep area this time
4 Place day heat lamp above basking area. Turn lamp on and check to see that area is between 90-95 degrees Farenheit
CAUTION: Be sure the iguana will not be able to reach his lamps, they will burn themselves
5. Place blue night heat lamp above the sleep area. Turn on lamp and check to see that the temperature is between 74-78 degrees Farenheit
6. Set up you UV light making sure the basking spot receives direct rays, your iguana will spend most of its time on its basking spot
7. Use newspaper in the bottom of the cage (This is where your iguana will do his business)
8. Use decorations like fake plants and vines around the cage to make your iguana feel more at home (real plants can also be used, but make sure they won't harm your iguana if eaten)
Step 3: Feeding/Diet
1. Your iguana diet should include: 45% greens, 40% other vegetables, 10% fruit, and 5% supplemental protein. You can check this Green Iguana Society website (http://www.greenigsociety.org/foodchart.htm) for a detailed list of acceptable greens, fruits, vegetables, and proteins.
2. Wash greens thoroughly. Wash and peel fruits and vegetables.
2. Vegetables and fruits should be cut up into pieces no wider than the iguanas head
3. Then vegetables, fruits, and proteins should be mixed in with the greens on a plate or bowl.
4. Offer the salad to your iguana. Some iguanas may take a while to get used to their new salad, usually within a week they will be chowing down your salad
Step 4: Basic Iguana Salad Recipe
1. Have the following greens, fruits, vegetables, and protein supplement: 2 parsnips, 2 carrots, 1 sweet potato, 2 cups of green beans, 3-4 small yellow squash, 1 mango, 1 cantelope, 1/2 cup of dry alfalfa pellets, and 1 bunch of collard greens.
2. Wash and peel fruits and vegetables, wash collard greens.
3 Cut up fruits and vegetables into pieces that will fit into the food processor.
4. Run fruits and vegetables through the food processor. Afterward pieces of the fruits and vegetables should be the size of grated cheese.
5. Mix alfalfa pellets in with shredded fruits and vegetables. Make sure to mix salad thoroughly.
6. Put salad mix into freezer bags, around 3/4 cup of salad mix for each freezer bag
7. Set aside one bag of salad mix to be used within the next few days. The rest of the mix can go in the freezer.
8. Cut up 1-2 collard green leaves. Leaves should be cut into 1.5x1.5 inch cubes, discard the stem.
9. Place leaves onto a plate or bowl.
10. Put 1/4 cup of salad mix on top of your leaves. Then mix the salad and leaves together. If the salad has been frozen add a pinch of vitamin B1 powder (mix the powder into the salad)
11. Offer the salad to your iguana
Step 5: Basic Care
1. Use your spray bottle to spray water inside iguanas cage (keep relative humidity above 40%), you may need to use the spray bottle several times each day. Could also use humidifier to keep humidity up.
2. Clip iguanas nails with nail clipper, usually every week.
3. Bathe iguana at least once a week in a large tote or bath tub depending on the size of the iguana (baths should last from 15-30 minutes)
5. Keeping a clean cage is essential. Make sure to wipe down shelves and floor daily
4. Fecal matter should be cleaned up within a few hours time.