Introduction: Basic LED Dimmer

Picture of Basic LED Dimmer

In this Instructable you will learn how to build a simple LED dimmer using just a potentiometer. The Arduino kit that I'm using was kindly provided by Kuman ( You can find it here.

Step 1: Parts Needed

Picture of Parts Needed

1 x Breadboard

1 x Breadboard Power supply (optional)

1 x LED (The color doesn't matter)

1 x 10k potentiometer

1 x 9V Battery

1 x 9V Battery Clip

4 x Jumper Wires

Step 2: Plug in the Potentiometer and the LED

Picture of Plug in the Potentiometer and the LED

Choose a suitable space on the breadboard for both of the parts. Plug them in and make sure that they are secured to the breadboard

Step 3: Connecting the Potentiometer

Picture of Connecting the Potentiometer

Plug in 3 of your jumper wires to the corresponding rows of the potentiometer on the breadboard. The connections are as follows: 1 side of the potentiometer connects to the 5V (+) rail of the breadboard and the other side - to the GND (-) of the breadboard. The middle pin then connects to the LED's anode (the longer of the two leads)

Step 4: Connecting the LED

Picture of Connecting the LED

You should have the longer lead of the LED connected by now. The shorter one (the cathode) needs to go to the breadboard's negative (GND) row

Step 5: Powering Up!

Picture of Powering Up!

Connect your 9V battery to the breadboard using a breadboard power supply board (optional, converts the 9V to 5V) and press the button. Now you can turn the potentiometer to vary the brightness of the LED by changing the resistance.


DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)2017-09-24

Nice intro to circuits project.

Thanks mate!

About This Instructable




Bio: Student, currently studying programming. Interested in Arduino, Raspberry Pi and Electronics in general.
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