Introduction: Basic PC Build - Class Project
This is a computer build for my IT class. I know it's not the best specs and there are probably better ways to do things, but this was an assignment. Thanks.
what you'll need:
an anti-static mat
a source of power
a SATA cable
a graphics card
a heat sink
Installation Media (USB)
Keyboard and Mouse
Step 1: Motherboard
Before getting started, make sure that you have the motherboard is on a grounded anti-static mat, and that you have touched a metal surface prior to your motherboard to be sure you discharge yourself. If you remain charged, then you could potentially short out your motherboard and shock yourself as well.
All Discharged? Now attach the grounding strap to your wrist and make sure its connected to a piece of metal. This will divert any static that you may create away from the machine.
Now we can begin. Start out by placing the motherboard carefully onto the anti-static mat.
Step 2: CPU
The Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the Heart of the computer, and it should be handled with extreme care. Make sure that you have thermal paste nearby, which we will be using in a moment. Open the box of your CPU and set the packaged heat-sink aside. For this example, we are using an AMD Black Series Processor, which would vary if you were using Intel CPU and Motherboard.
On the CPU chip, make sure that all of the pins are straight. If by some chance they are not straight, I would recommend returning the component, as it is no good. On the other hand, if it they are straight, then we are good to go!
On the motherboard, there should be a slot with a lot of holes, as shown in figure 2.2
Before placing the Chip, make certain that the metal arm is lifted (shown in image 2.1) . The purpose of this arm is hold the CPU in place. The CPU should fall right into place, which then you could lower the arm down to secure it.
Step 3: Heatsink
Now to use the thermal paste on the heatsink. place a small amount of thermal paste on to the CPU, about the size of a small coin, like a penny or dime. Once that is done, Place the heatsink on top of the CPU, which in turn the component should lock in to place. if not, then it is not placed correctly.
DO NOT reapply thermal paste after adjustment.
Step 4: RAM
Next you'll want to grab your RAM stick(s). Looks for black holders like the example that are shown. You will need to pull back the end caps and the place the stick inside the slot; you should hear a click when it is in place. Close the end caps.
Step 5: Power Supply
Next let's try the power supply, now it may be on the wrong voltage if it doesn't work, so don't be so quick to ditch this piece. You'll need to place the supply onto the anti-static mat while connecting the corresponding cables to the motherboard. Both the motherboard and the wires should be marked, plus it only goes one way (keyed connectors) so it's basically a matter of matching.
Step 6: Graphics Card and Posting
Lets Install the Graphics Card. To do so, place the card in the PCI-E slot with a little force to make sure it's secured. Once that is done, we need to post the Computer to make sure it is working properly. To do so, take a flat head screw driver and short the power connectors. In this case, shorting is a good thing, since it will test to see if the board actually works. Plug in the power supply and attach the internal speaker to where its labeled "speaker" (simple, right?). Then Connect one HDMI port directly into the motherboard and the other into a monitor. If your computer posts, you will hear two beeps, following by the appearance of the BIOS splash screen. Not all Motherboards beep, so don't get upset if yours doesn't.
Step 7: Computer Parts, Assemble!
Now that we have connected the pieces of the motherboard together, it's time to put it inside the case!
For the motherboard, be sure to put the the standoffs on the bottom of the board, otherwise it won't work, being metal-on-metal. place the power supply in the dedicated slot on the back of the machine, and attach the power cables back to the motherboard, like how it was done when we tried the POST. Use the SATA cables to connect the Hard drive to the motherboard and from the power supply to the Hard Drive, an extender may be needed, but not required if the length is sufficient.
Step 8: Final Steps
Lastly, test you're computer again. Plug in your mouse and keyboard and power on the machine. If it POSTs, you can close the case and position the tower next to your monitor.
All that's left is to install your OS!
I hope that this helped and that you enjoy your new computer! : D