Introduction: Be a Scientist: Bottle Electricity.


This is a quick-and-dirty method for making a Leyden Jar (an early form of capacitor) from my old friend, the 35mm film cannister.

Step 1: Tools and Materials.


Tools:

Something sharp.

Scissors.

Glue stick.

Materials:

35mm film cannister

Aluminium (kitchen) foil

Wire

Sticky tape

Optional:

Proper wire strippers.

Step 2: Make It.


Do the inside first - it's the most fiddly part, but once it's done you won't damage it while you do the outside.

Cut a rectangular piece of foil large enough to line the cannister. Add a few dabs of glue-stick, then slide it into place inside the cannister. Make sure it doesn't stick out of the top of the canister. Try and keep edges of foil smooth and straight, or they will "leak" charge.

Added 1st March 2007:

I've just made a load with a bunch of fumble-fingered kids, and I've worked out a method for putting the foil inside:

> Cut the foil to size, and glue the back with the stick.

> Roll it loosely around your thumb, glue side out.

> Put your foiled thumb into the pot, and gently roll the pot around your thumb several times. The foil will smooth against the inside of the pot and can be slid down into place.

Warning!

Too much glue near the top of the pot is as bad as having the foil too close to the top - it turns out that it is a fairly good conductor until it is bone dry (which can be a long time inside a closed pot).

Step 3: Connect the Inside.


Poke a small hole in the middle of the film cannister lid.

Cut a piece of wire about 7-10cm long. Strip the ends and thread the wire through the lid.

Turn the inside end into a loop, then use a piece of tape to stick it to the foil inside the cannister. Slide the lid along the wire and put it on.

If you are planning to add the discharge loop, carefully scrape away 1-2cm of the insulation from the wire that will be just outside the lid. Give it a twist to make the loop. When you put the lid in place, push the wire back into the lid until the discharge loop is just at the lid.

Step 4: Wrap the Outside.


Now cover the outside of the cannister. Again, glue-stick is enough to hold the foil in place. Again, avoid rough edges, and make sure the foil doesn't get in the way of the lid.

Cut a second piece of wire about 4-5cm long and strip both ends.

Tape one end to the foil on the outside, so that the other end can be easily curved around to meet the other wire (or the discharge loop if you made one).

(Optional step: wrap the whole thing in sticky tape to prevent tears and scuffs.)

Step 5: Charge It.


To charge the Leyden Jar up, you need to connect it to a source of, well, charge.

If you don't have your own Van Der Graff generator or Wimshurst machine, try switching your CRT TV or monitor on and off whilst brushing the screen with the centre wire, or rub balloons on your jumper and stroke the bare wire along them them pick up charge.

When it's charged, hold the insulated parts of the wires and bend the ends together (or bend the outer wire towards the discharge loop): as they get close, you will (should) see, and possibly hear, a spark.

The one I made to illustrate this Instructable worked well when charged from a VdG on a humid evening, storing enough charge to get a spark about 3-4mm long.

No, I don't have a photo of it, you'll just have to take my word on it (like I'm really going play with high voltage and my digital camera at the same time...)

Step 6: Extend It.


To hold more charge, you need more surface area of foil. The only way to increase this is to use a larger container.

Try glass jars with plastic lids, or plastic food boxes (the ever-popular "Tupperware" is good). Maybe even try a plastic bucket!

BUT BEWARE!

The film-cannister-sized jar is a toy. It hardly carries any charge at all, and a shock would just give you a surprise. Larger jars carry larger charges, enough to cause injuries either indirectly (you twitch and smash your arm on the bench) or directly (why do you think they shout "Clear!" on medical dramas?).

Comments

author
KKremke made it! (author)2015-04-10

Considerably easier than using a soda bottle or something of the sort, with nails and such in the lid :)

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2015-04-10

Thank you.

author
sahaab noor made it! (author)2014-01-24

Can i use something instead of film canister?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2014-01-24

Yes!

The first Leyden jars were glass jars, and instead of foil inside they used water.

As long as the vessel and lid are non-metallic, you'll be fine.

author
argha halder made it! (author)2013-06-30

great one.truely amazing

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2013-06-30

Thanks!

author
Ahtasham Ahmad Mohtashim made it! (author)2013-01-14

Can we use this project to charge it, http://instructables.com/id/Statically-Charging-a-conductor/. I mean to statically charge a conductor and then chage it from that conductor.

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2013-01-14

To be honest, I don't know.

It looks promising, though.

author
chubawabu made it! (author)2013-01-09

can you use an old medicine pot?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2013-01-09

Absolutely - just as long as it isn't made of metal.

author
WarLlama made it! (author)2012-06-25

This is going to be fun! I was going to build a bigger one, but I was afraid it would hurt someone. If I made one with like a bottle, how bad would it hurt?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2012-06-26

Jump, more than hurt.

author
chubawabu made it! (author)2012-04-15

Great instructable.

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2012-04-16

Thanks!

author
Michael_Bell made it! (author)2012-03-05

Quick tip: NEVER try to strip wires while your hands are covered in glue. You will end up making the wire so gluey that you cannot grab it, and your tools will be filthy. :)

By the way, GREAT Instructable

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2012-03-06

Hehe, thanks!

author
Higgs Boson made it! (author)2012-01-12

So to charge it using the CRT you would just rub the wire connected to the inside foil on the screen? could you charge a leyden jar with a fly back transformer or would it have to be an electrostatic generator?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2012-01-13

You know when you switch a CRT on or off, and you hear a crackle? Wave the back of your hand near the screen, and you can feel the static make the hairs move on the back of your hand. That's when you "wipe" the wire across the screen.

As for a flyback, I'm afraid I don't know - I've never tried it.

author
freeza36 made it! (author)2012-01-02

how else can i charge it?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2012-01-03

Which ones have you tried?

author
freeza36 made it! (author)freeza362012-01-03

ballons don't work for me. I have yet to try my old tv

author
vishal11 made it! (author)2011-05-20

Wat ll charge it

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2011-05-21

See step five - if you don't have a high-voltage source, use an old CRT or balloons.

author
Kiteman made it! (author)2011-03-25

Thank you!

author
think3000 made it! (author)2011-03-13

could you charge it with a plasma globe?

author
geeklord made it! (author)2008-10-07

does a CRT monitor charge it very effectively???

author
skuitarman made it! (author)skuitarman2008-12-11

put tin foil on the front of the screen then brush the wires on the tin foil, but be careful you can get A pretty nasty shock

author
geeklord made it! (author)geeklord2008-12-11

O, good idea. I thought about doing that with a plasma globe.

author
freakyqwerty made it! (author)freakyqwerty2010-12-22

Did you try that method?

author
beehard44 made it! (author)beehard442010-04-07

i'll revamp this leyden jar with that method but with a 1.5l soda bottle

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2008-10-08

Yes - switch it on and off, then brush one of the wires over the screen. Repeat that a couple of times (more if you made a large version.

author
2743 made it! (author)27432008-12-27

BUT, what would happen if we hold the tin foil onfront of the crt tv screen with our bare hands?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2008-12-27

The charge earths ("grounds") through your body instead of charging the jar.

author
Coffee bean made it! (author)Coffee bean2008-12-05

this applies to tube tvs right?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2008-12-05

Yes - "CRT" stands for Cathode Ray Tube.

author
Coffee bean made it! (author)Coffee bean2008-12-05

thanks i was pretty sure.

author
lunchweek made it! (author)2010-04-11

Thank you, great instructable. I built two of these yesterday and they're working great!

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2010-04-15

Cool, glad you like it.

author
yoyoyolilay made it! (author)2009-11-15

 wait, what source? do you just rub the wires together? or do the wires have to be connected to something?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2009-11-15
Have you not read this?
...try switching your CRT TV or monitor on and off whilst brushing the screen with the centre wire, or rub balloons on your jumper and stroke the bare wire along them them pick up charge.
author
NicOmbra made it! (author)NicOmbra2010-03-21

Jumper?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2010-03-21

Not easy...

author
the_burrito_master made it! (author)the_burrito_master2009-12-12

get a pvc pipe and an old t-shirt rub the pipe over the top wire. it works much better than destroying your crt tv.

author
Makersauce made it! (author)2009-12-27

could i use aluminum tape?(pls answer asap)

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2009-12-30

That should work.

(Sorry about the delay, I've been away for Christmas)

author
AlphaRomeo made it! (author)2009-11-22

how about using a gas lighter - I suppose that it self is generating good are, isn't it

author
AlphaRomeo made it! (author)2009-09-28

would it be better to use some rubber gloves or stand on some wooden platform to save oneself getting hurt?

author
Kiteman made it! (author)Kiteman2009-09-28

Not with this little thing - you hardly get a kick off it - but, with a big one, rubber gloves wouldn't hurt.

author
AlphaRomeo made it! (author)AlphaRomeo2009-09-29

I have been checking various high voltage instructables - can someone add safely measures that one should take - of if those are already explained - can we have the link please

author
droyce4596 made it! (author)droyce45962009-11-19

the biggest safety measure in my opinion would be don't let both of your hands touch a conductive material at the same time just in-case it has a charge in it. Because the most dangerous shock is from hand to hand because it goes across your heart which could potentially stop your heart.

About This Instructable

65,845views

160favorites

License:

Bio: The answer is "lasers", now, what was the question? If you need help, feel free to contact me. Project previews on Tumblr & Twitter: @KitemanX
More by Kiteman:Fallen Astronaut 2Custom laser cut metal business cardsDashboard Phone Stand
Add instructable to: