• 7" of 16 gauge wire (dead soft or half hard)
• Approximately 5’ 28 gauge dead soft wire
• 12-14 4mm beads
• Wire Cutters
• Flat Nose Pliers
• Needle File or Wire Rounder
• Bail Making Pliers, Mandrel, or other round object approximately 3/16" in diameter
• Chasing Hammer
• Bench Block or other suitable metal surface
Bend the 7” piece of 16g wire in half. Use your flat nose pliers to press the wire together on each side of the bend. Make sure to leave just enough room for the 28g wire to fit through.
1” above the bottom, bend one of the wires outward at a 90º angle.
Repeat step 2 on the second wire.
Bend the wire upwards again at a 90º angle, even with the lower section of wire near the center.
Repeat steps 4 and 5 on the right side.
Hammer the frame you just created to harden the wire. Be careful not to hammer too hard, as it will flatten the wire.
Only hammer up to ½” above the center of the cross.
Wrap the 28g wire onto the bottom of the frame 3 times. You may have to separate the sides of the cross just a little bit to get the wire in there.
Leave the tail of the wire about ½” long and let it lay against the back side of the cross.
Press the sides of the cross together again and wrap with the 28g wire 4 times. As you wrap the wire, make sure to cover the tail from the previous step.
Slip one bead onto the wire and wrap it onto the cross frame. Wrap the frame 4 more times.
If you need help getting the bead to lay flat against the frame, see my Basic Weaving 3 tutorial:
Even though it is written specifically for adding beads to a weave, it works pretty much the same way for just wrapping the beads on as well.
Continue adding beads, wrapping 4 times between each one, until you reach the center of the cross.
Wrap the wire 2-3 times around the part of the frame on the left side between the bottom and left section of the cross.
Bring the wire along the back side of the left section and wrap 3 times on the end of the left side of the cross.
Wrap the wire around the end of the left side of the cross 4 times.
Add beads to the left section in the same manner as the bottom section.
Bring the wire around the back of the cross and wrap it 2-3 times around the frame between the bottom and right hand section of the cross.
Bring the wire along the back side of the right section and wrap 3 times on the end of the right side of the cross.
Add beads to the right section in the same manner as the left and bottom sections.
Slip a bead onto the wire and wrap it onto the center of the cross diagonally across the front.
Wrap the wire around the bottom of the top section of the cross 4 times.
Add beads in the same manner as before to the top section of the cross.
Continue wrapping wire around the top of the wires until you have a section that is ¾” long, starting at the top of the last bead.
Separate the wires above the wrap just barely enough to slip the 28g wire between them. Wrap the 28g wire around one of the top wires 4-5 times. Cut the wire and press it against the 16g wire.
Cut the wires just above the end of the wrapping from the previous step. File the ends smooth.
Bend the top of the cross towards the front at a 90º angle just above the top bead.
Using your bail making pliers, mandrel, or other round object the right size, shape the wires into a half circle.
Using your flat nose pliers, bend the wires in the back down to meet the bottom of the bail.
It may seem like this type of bail would be a little bit unstable, but the 16g wire is thick enough and strong enough to keep it together.
There may be some beads that seem a little bit crooked at this point. Adjust them so that everything looks right.
Step 29: Examples
© Donna Spadafore, Gailavira Jewelry
You may use this tutorial to make jewelry for sale. If you do so, please link back to Gailavira Jewelry ( http://www.gailavira.com or http://gailavira.blogspot.com ) in the item description.
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