Introduction: Beginning Arduino: Delay Without Delay()

When you use the delay() function your program stops and nothing else can happen during the delay.

That is easy, but what if you want to have something else going on during the delay?

The answer; use millis().

This tutorial is a simple sketch and circuit to show how this is done.

You will need:

  • Arduino
  • Breadboard
  • Jumper wires
  • 2 - LEDs, I used one red and one green
  • 2 - 330-560 Ohm resistors, for LEDs
  • Pushbutton switch

Step 1: The Circuit

Follow the diagram and build the circuit from the parts list on the previous page.

Step 2: The Code

/*********************************************************
 * Demonstration using millis() instead of delay() so 
 * another activity can happen within the delay.
 *
 * The anode of a red LED is connected to pin 10 with a 
 * resistor in series connected to ground. 
 *
 * The anode of a green LED is connected to pin 11 with a 
 * resistor in series connected to ground. 
 *
 * A pushbutton switch is connected to pin 12 and ground.
 *
 * The red LED blinks on for one second then off for one
 * second.
 *
 * The green LED lights when the button is pressed.
 *
 *********************************************************/


unsigned long time = millis();

int toggle = 1;

/**********************************************
 * setup() function
 **********************************************/
void setup()
{
  pinMode(10, OUTPUT);        //Red LED
  pinMode(11, OUTPUT);        //Green LED

  pinMode (12, INPUT_PULLUP); //Switch
  
  digitalWrite(10, HIGH);     //Initial state of red LED
}

/**********************************************
 * loop() function
 **********************************************/
void loop()
{
  if(millis()-time > 1000)     //Has one second passed?
  {
    toggle = !toggle;          //If so not toggle 
    digitalWrite(10, toggle);  //toggle LED
    time = millis();           //and reset time.
  }
 
  digitalWrite(11, !digitalRead(12)); //Light green LED if Button pressed.
}

Comments

author
chuckr44 (author)2017-05-30

Hmm. Would millis() be used if I want to poll a pin to check the value once every 10 seconds or so? Like a pin with a temperature reading?

author
HughB20 (author)2017-03-13

Hi I tried this as my second ever Arduino project. Follow the wiring guide, I thought successfully, copied and compiled and downloaded the code, but nothing! Can you tell from a photo where I might have gone wrong???? Thanks for any help you might be able to give...... Hugh

arduino switch.jpg
author
JRV31 (author)HughB202017-03-14

I can't see anything from the photo.

Is the polarity of the LEDs correct?

author
fieryfredo (author)2017-03-05

Thank you for this, I had googled some other ways to using millis() instead of delay() but nothing clicked as to how I could get it to work until your example.

author
JRV31 (author)fieryfredo2017-03-06

I'm glad you liked it, glad I cold help.

author
JRV31 (author)2015-08-07

I just posted an instructable where I show how to do multiple timed events with different timing at the same time, look here:

https://www.instructables.com/id/Beginning-Arduino-delay-without-delay-multiple-tim/

author
bvamsikr (author)JRV312016-01-01

Hello JRV31,

Am working on similar project, can you please help me resolve the problem?

here is the link:

https://www.instructables.com/answers/Converting-de...

author
bvamsikr (author)JRV312016-01-01

Hello JRV31,

Am working on similar project, can you please help me resolve the problem?

here is the link:

https://www.instructables.com/answers/Converting-de...

author
RedFishRyan (author)2015-01-03

Cool, thanks for sharing your idea! This will definately help.

author
DivideWorks (author)2014-12-30

Thanks for sharing. I have a project where I want to combine two sketches and run the loops simultaneously on the same arduino, but both loops contain delays which interfere with each other. I was about to resort to using two arduinos, but hope this will do the trick.

author
JRV31 (author)DivideWorks2014-12-30

Good luck with your project, let me know how it turns out.

You should be able to have a time1 and a time2 running at the same time.

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Bio: Most of my instructables will be tutorials for Atmel microcontrollers, Arduino, or Raspberrypi. I try to show concepts that you can use in your own ... More »
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