Introduction: LED Blinking With Raspberry Pi

Picture of LED Blinking With Raspberry Pi

One of the  classic electronic analogy to "Hello World"  is to make an LED blink. Raspberry Pi has 8 General Purpose Input/Output  pins( 4,17,18,21,22,23,24,25)  which can be configured as input/output and turned on/off via software.In this Instructable I will be using python to control the LED, as coding in python is very simple yet it's very powerful. RPi.GPIO Python library is used to control the LED from Raspberry Pi.

Step 1: Hardware Setup

Picture of Hardware Setup

Place the LED with a 270 ohm resistor in series with the GND and GPIO pin of Raspberry Pi (use a breadboard for hassle free connection). Always use a resistor with LEDs to limit the current, else you might end up with a burnt LED ;)

For complete details & schematics, please visit my blog :-

Step 2: Code

Picture of Code

Python is used to control the GPIO's in Raspberry Pi.

For complete details & code, please visit my blog :-


tlangelanim (author)2016-06-20

i have raspberry pi 3, I have installed python 3 but when I wright a code on python it says import RPi.GPIO as GPIO, ImportError: No module named 'RPi' please help

BisratM (author)tlangelanim2017-04-12

GPIO is a general in put out library that allow you to use the pin on the raspberry , but it has nothing to do with writing a code. you can easily write a code by using 'sudo nano' . use GPIO if you want output or input from the raspberry . i hope it helps . good luck

IranR (author)tlangelanim2016-06-30

Did you have the RPi.GPIO library installed? If not, you have to install.

If you're using raspbian this may work for you:

$ sudo apt-get install python-rpi.gpio python3-rpi.gpio

(sorry about the poor english :) )

StefanH4 (author)2014-12-01

Thanks. I made it thanks to your blog, which made it easy enough to try out. Now I hope I can get some tutorial on how to make it blink with C (will look thru your blog) and later make some bitbanging which should emuilate PS/2 keyboard output. If anyone has done this, or emulated a keyboard successfully in some other wired way (non-bluetooth), please let me know. Thanks.

MichaelM113 (author)StefanH42016-12-23

Sounds like you want to configure your Pi in USB gadget mode, using the HID module. That would make your Pi appear to be a USB keyboard.

srao10 (author)2014-12-24

Can i link your blog in my video? thankyou!

neontime (author)2014-11-10

The forward voltage of a red LED will be around 1.5V minimum, other colours will be higher. So its 3.3 - 1.5 across 270 ohms. The current will be 6mA or less depending on the LED so it's quite safe.

ed.cole.980 (author)2014-08-11

Do the math please. 3.3V less 0.6 over the LED thru 270ohm is 10mA, which is twice what the GPIO pin can source or sink. Yeah, it will blink for a while, but stress it with this current and it will fry the pin if not the chip. There can be nothing more disappointing than being encouraged to fry your board by someone with such a poor understanding of electronics.

mexomagno (author)ed.cole.9802014-09-18

Do your research first.
"an individual GPIO pin can only safely draw 16mA"

ruhliar (author)2014-09-12

I made it, thank you.

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