WARNING! ANY HARM THAT YOU DO TO HOMES, ANIMALS, PEOPLE, OR ANY OTHER THING IS NOT MY FAULT. IT IS YOUR PATHETIC AIM'S FAULT. NOT REALLY, BUT DO NOT SHOOT AT ANYTHING OTHER THAN THE TARGET.(Do NOT make your target a human.)=D
Step 1: Supplies
You can get these supplies from Dick's Sporting Goods, Bass Pro Shops, or any other sports related store. Wal-Mart is not the best place to get these things. (I hate Wal-Mart anyways.)
Step 2: Bow and Arrows
If you buy your bow and it says it is 50 Lbs., that does not mean your bow weighs 50 Lbs. It means that it requires 50 Lbs of force to pull back the string.
If you are not the most strong person in the world, you will probably want to get a bow that is around 25#-40#. If you're strong, you will want a bow that is 50#-70#. I personally like 60#. But as a beginner, even if you are strong, I would stick to around 35#.
Ok, now to something different. The difference between Compound bows, Recurve bows, and Long bows. (In this instructable, I will tell you how to use a compound bow.) Compound bows will have wheels or cams on each of the limbs. What I like about compound bow is that when you pull them back about halfway, it gets pretty easy to pull it back the rest of the way, and once you are back all the way, there is about 75% let-off.(Which means it is 75% easier to hold back.)
Ok, to Recurve bows. I don't have a recurve bow, but I know some about it. Recurve bows don't have any wheels or cams.(Go to picture to see what these are.) They do not have any let-off, and they usually are harder to pull back. At each end of the bow, there is a little curve to them. I have no idea what it is for, but it is there.
Now the last one, longbows. Longbows are pretty much a stick, or fiberglass, that has a string attached to it to make a bow. That is pretty much it. I personally hate shooting them, but some people like it. There you go, that is all I know about a longbow.
The best arrows to use are Carbon Fiber arrows, but they can be pricey. They are good to use if you want accuracy, durability, and speed. If you aren't willing to spend an arm and leg on arrows, get fiberglass, aluminum or wood arrows. They are cheap, but usually break when ever you hit a house, or even a tree.(Unless you have a slow bow.)
Whenever you are practicing, you can use field tips for your bow. They are just a pointy lead thing. But for hunting, you will need a broadhead which is a field tip with 3 or 4 blades sticking out of them.
There you go, that is pretty much the basic information of a Bow and arrow. If you really get into it, there will be a LOT more information that you will need to know. But for an instructable, that is to much.
Note: I highly recommend reading Precision Archery! Go to Amazon.com, they have some there.
Step 3: Set Up
Step 4: The Grip
Now pick up your bow. You need to have a loose but sturdy grip on the bow. To much pressure on the grip, the more Torque you will have, which can cause fatigue, or even death...LOL, just kidding. But do not have a tight grip.
Step 5: Stance
Step 6: Your Almost Done!
Get aligned with your target, have a good grip, and then nock your arrow. When you pull the arrow back, you do not want to use your arm muscles to do it. Instead, use your shoulder muscles, and your scapula.(Your shoulderblade.) This is called back-tension. This help from injuring your arm, and also helps stability; which creates a better and more accurate shot. Also, you want to keep your albow in-line with you arrow, this helps accuracy.
You want to put your index finger above the arrow, and the middle and ring finger below it. When you release, you should release with all 3 fingers spontaneously.
Now you have finally shot an arrow, retrieve it. Shoot a couple thousand more, have it mastered, then go hunting for a nice 12 point buck. I doubt you will get one, but have fun.
I have only gave you the basic skills of shooting a bow and arrow, so son't think it is easy once you start. There is a LOT more to learn to be a master like me. =)
Note: This is my second instructable, so tell me how I did.