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Introduction

After several breadboard projects, wisdom of the productivity gurus becomes very believable, 25%-30% of working time involves looking for misplaced or poorly identified items. The usual advice, “use a filing system”, doesn’t quite to apply to the breadboard practitioner.

It seems regardless of all good intentions and resolutions, the management of the common 2-pin LED demands great organizational skills and a steadfast habit of tidiness. For those that may be short on this standard, the acquisition of 100x Red-Green-Blue-Yellow-White emitted colour LEDs (clear lens) quickly presents a challenge.

After 100 or so LEDs are set free, the difficulty begins simply with identifying which of the five emitted colour will be put forth by a LED. It is further complicated by the ‘non-function’ category that may result from some misadventure with wrong voltage, poor resistor identification or poorly handled jumper wires.

The simple question is how can emitted colour LEDs be sorted/selected and QC’d. There is the breadboard itself, temporary and already implicated in the risk of misadventures. The concept of a standalone solution housed in a decorative metal case is largely delusional. The middle ground is of course another breadboard gizmo.

Intention

The ambition for this Instructable is to show a practical Caddy for testing, sorting and selecting 2-pin emitted colour LEDs.

The Instructable Breadboard Friendly Tactile Switches should be kept close at hand. The dialog and images for the technique of construction are excellent.

Step 1: Material

For this project the following items or a facsimile of choice are required:

  • 1x - Piece of Prototyping Board.
  • 1x - Single Row Male Pin Header (4-pins)
  • 1x - Single Row Female Header Socket (4-pins)
  • 1x - Male Double Row Pin Header Strip
  • 1x - Female Double Row Socket Strip
  • 2x - Radial Resistor 820Ω 1/2W

Step 2: Design

In considering the layout of the Caddy, two features came to mind. The first is obvious; a pair of LEDs should be mounted at the same time. There seems to be some noticeable variation in the physical characteristics of LEDs, it is a bit easier to sort when these can be displayed side-by-side.

The other is the arrangement for use as a parallel circuit or as pair of a common anode or common cathode LEDs. The schematic shows J1 as the common terminator. For a parallel circuit, J2 is inserted in the power or ground strip and a single jumper wire to J1 completes both circuits. Maybe the scenario for testing/sorting/selecting?

The Caddy can be used to operate a pair of common anode or cathode LEDs by inversing J1-J2. J1 is inserted in the power or ground strip and the sides of J2 independently connected with a source/sink through the breadboard matrix.

The value for the radial resistor comes more from the expected application than an exact specification. The 1/2W rated, 820Ω resistor will handle a 12V source/1V forward voltage without exceeding 15mA, conditions that could be encountered in older (non-emitted colour) IR components. A value of 1K2 Ω would give a wider safety margin but would not be as desirable when used with the 5V common to Arduino and breadboards. Indeed at 5V the LED current is a retina saving 3-5mA for the emitted colour products most likely to be encountered.

Step 3: Preparation and Soldering

The prototyping board needs to be 6x6 holes. To provide a small hold for a ‘third-hand’ or alligator clip, the image shows a 7x7 grid and edge material. It should not be too difficult to trim most prototyping board.

The sequence of soldering of the components is not critical however the intent was to employ the leads of the radial resistors to create the ‘wiring’ shown by the colour red in the schematic. Therefore the 820Ω resistors were the first components soldered to the prototyping board. The radial leads were then shaped and trimmed to match the related solder points

Refer to Step 4 of Breadboard Friendly Tactile Switches for the details of soldering the header pins (J1&J2). The female double row socket strip is used in lieu of the two female headers for alignment. The leads of the radial resistor are overlapped and soldered to both pins of J1.

Use the same technique of Step 4 to solder the 2-pin female sockets (H1&H2) but use the male double row pin header for alignment. The lead of the radial resistor is soldered to only one pin at each location.

Finally, each side of the single row male pin header J2 is soldered to the unused pin of H1&H2. Drag soldering is possible however a small piece of discard component lead is used here to create ‘wiring’ shown by the colour black in the schematic.

Step 4: Summary

The Caddy is a project that turned out better than expected with the accompanying regret that more care wasn’t taken in its fabrication (and for an Instructable documentation). Probably because the sockets are elevated and employ a less aggressive spring clip, the LED is quite easily inserted and extracted. The point for insertion is an unambiguous pair of sockets that are spaced correctly for the ‘mint condition’ component.

Of course ‘better than’ is quite distant from ‘perfection’. A notable irritation, unlike Eric Brouwer's Friendly Tactile Switches, the Caddy does not stand stable when off the breadboard. Experimenting with alternate layouts could be a project for some inclement winter evening,

I salvage a lot of LED'S from my job. My fastest way to identify is simply to place the led around a CR2032 coin cell battery. I keep several in my led drawers wrapped in a bit of electrical tape. Works pretty well even for LED's with short / cutoff leads.
<p>A multimeter set as diode tester is enough and far less dangereous for the led, you can even see a small light showing the led color, except for clusters or cobs.</p>
<p>Thanks for your comment. There are ways, means, instruments and <em>gizmos</em> when working with LEDs, personal and practiced rhythms play a big part. What works is always an option. </p>
<p>It is nice to find out that more and more tinkerers are having the same problem with the transparent LEDs. I had to sort around 500 different color LEDs after I accidentally bumped over my LED drawer :( :(</p><p>And thank you for mentioning me in your project. I really appreciate it. But who needs the Caddy to be stable when not on your breadboard? <br><br>As I did not want to use veroboard or external supply to check my LEDs, I made this LED Tester.<br><a href="https://www.instructables.com/id/Small-LED-Tester/.">https://www.instructables.com/id/Small-LED-Tester/.</a></p>
<p>And I ask myself the same question. It's possible I have a desire to have my toys behave but I hope not.</p><p>I found many interesting projects in this vein on Instructables including your &quot;Small LED Tester&quot; but decided to fabricate the Caddy for many opposing features. Sadly I expect &quot;25%-30% of working time&quot; would involve looking for a 'decorative box'. The best I can manage is to keep all my<em> gizmos</em> in one tray.</p><p>Hopefully I didn't &quot;re-gift&quot; someone's work here but it does get difficult ensure everything's fresh. Recognizing someone's contribution seems not only &quot;Emily Post's Etiquette&quot; but makes each presentation more authentic.</p>

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