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Picture of Break away beer bottles!
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The Instructable you've all been waiting for!

Originally I was going to just buy a few professionally made break away bottles, but I had sticker shock and figured I could just make them myself.

Here is a popular supplier of all things break away glass.

http://www.alfonsosbreakawayglass.com/shop.php

Here is a "Budweiser" bottle
http://www.alfonsosbreakawayglass.com/shop.php?main=Glass&sub=Bottles&subsub=Beer+Bottles

$16.00 each!
But wait how much for shipping?

1 #108 BROWN LONG NECK BEER BOTTLE $16

PACKAGING CHARGE $10

SUBTOTAL: $26

SALES TAX: $2.15

TOTAL: $28.15
Almost $30.00 for 1 bottle!

However you can order up to 4 bottles for the same shipping/packaging price so maybe closer to $20.00 But they don't guarantee the bottles after the package has left their hands and that it will make it in one piece.

So that wasn't the route I was going to take and instead started researching how break away glass was made. After emailing a few people I learned that professionals use a special type of resin instead of "sugar glass". Although either will work.

I recommend watching this video by "Indy Mogul" to get a feel for what's being done. He uses sugar glass but the techniques work just the same for resin. Candy glass is also still a cheaper route to go.

http://youtube.com/watch?v=GqkSDkHOots&feature=related

Materials:
1 dedicated cooking pot ( I used a dollar store pan)
1 dedicated candy thermometer
Break Away glass resin
Resin dye (I used brown, comes in a 2oz bottle)
Silicone (tin or platinum cured, don't need a lot, about 6 lbs total)
mold release spray ( there are other options explained later)
foamcore/legos to build the mold (I used foamcore with a glue gun)
glue gun
a timer
gloves
rubber bands
bernzomatic/igniter
measuring cup

I decided to try tin-cure silicone, it's a little bit cheaper than platinum cure and works just the same. It however doesn't last as long as platinum cured.

I purchased the silicone and brown dye from Smooth-On:
http://www.smoothonsecure.com/store/product_info.php?cPath=278_279_281_80&products_id=392&osCsid=45268e37fd4d3661fda645fbed0b87db

The brown dye is translucent and does a real good job of simulating brown beer bottle glass.
http://www.smoothonsecure.com/store/product_info.php?cPath=291_270_28&products_id=541&osCsid=c588d75e90bc12b5c0d34e73fb8e80a3

The resin i used had a generic name of "break away bottle blend"
It's a combination of Piccolastic and Piccotex which are also generic names. Piccolastic is more elastic while piccotex is more brittle. They are all reusable, in the sense that after you break them or if a mold didn't come out perfect you can remelt them. I don't know about how green recyclable they are though. And definitely not edible, very nasty, like a mouth full of sand.

I ordered from a place called "Special Effect Supply Corporation", has a family-run feel, based out of Utah. However I could have saved a lot more money if I had bought locally. On the Smooth-On website I found a distributor for their products that also carried the "break away glass" resin.

Check out a local distributor for smooth on products, chances are they will have the Break away glass resin (Piccolastic/Piccotex) products as well.

http://www.smooth-on.com/distrbtr-2.htm

Here is the resin. One can buy in different quantities. (Buy locally though)
http://www.fxsupply.com/catalog/index.php?cPath=152

I also ordered the DVD on break away bottles. (PM me if you want to see it)
http://www.fxsupply.com/videos/videos.html

Also ordered mold release spray:
http://www.smoothonsecure.com/store/index.php?cPath=278_279_282_304&osCsid=30362f3d080392f208f38ec6c450817f

Here is where I should have ordered the materials. They had everything I needed and cheaper.
http://www.artstuf.com/
However not everything is listed on the website.

They are in fact cheaper than Smooth-On. Smooth-On charges more to encourage it's customer to shop locally.

Now to construct the mold...
 
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Step 1: Construct your mold

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After screwing up the first mold I decided to make it easy for myself and construct a two piece block mold. It's the safest and easiest way to go. It however uses more silicone than more advanced techniques.

The DVD I bought utilized "fixatropics", basically it's stuff you add to silicone to make it thicker. You can brush it on to vertical surfaces and it won't run. Regular silicone is runny like honey. If you had the thickener it'll hold it shape like whip cream but it's still thick like honey. Can build it up or brush it on and it will "defy gravity".

Here is a link more about silicone.
hhttp://www.bnglifecasting.com/diy/skin_mold/index.html

The dvd approach also used dental grade hyrdocal as a mother mold. Hydrocal is like plaster of paris. With a mother mold you have a thin innner silicone mold that is encased in the thicker supporting hyrdocal.

The square block mold uses more silicone but it's simplied in a way. The squareness and thickness of the silicone provides support doing away with the mother mold/ And you don't have to worry about fixatropics.

Just briefly I'll describe my mold making in this project. I glued a Budweiser beer bottle to foamcore to secure it. Then built up clay an inch of clay all the way around the bottle stopping at the parting line in the Budweiser bottle. I glued on a plastic bottle top to the inside of the Budweiser bottle. This is the sprue. It will make mold a funnel into the silicone so you can pour in resin in later. I then created keys or registration marks. This will align your silicone mold halves. Then a foam core wall around the entire thing. Originally I built a square box but then realized I wouldn't have enough silicone so I tapered off the top of the bottle.

Mix the silicone thoroughly and in the right amounts. Smooth-Ons Ooo-Moo 25 is nice because it has equal parts, measuring is not necessary. However I must stress mixing thoroughly, if you don't your silicone will fail. It won't ever set. Mix the sides of the mixing pot and then do it again.

After allowing the silicone to dry I then removed the clay on the bottom and poured silicone on the bottom side.

I used two orders of the trial size kits of Smooth-On OooMoo 25.
http://www.smoothonsecure.com/store/product_info.php?cPath=278_279_281_80&products_id=392&osCsid=269879e7f2cdded1956c24f07d091174

$22.00 each, times two, $44 bucks total + $10 shipping, $54.00 total shipped)
($18.00 each, times two, $36 bucks total at your local distributor and save on shipping too!)

The 25 refers to the durometer. The hardness of the silicone.

I had used a silicone with a 40 durometer for the Han Solo in carbonite chocolate bar. It was a much harder silicone. The 25 is much softer and I imagined it helped to remove the fragile resin bottles. Something to take in consideration. Are you pulling out cement or egg shells out of your molds? The resin bottles when dry will be like egg shells.

Step 2: Cooking resin, molds and not burning yourself.

My first mistake was not using gloves and I spilled molten resin onto my hand and left a nasty blister.

Safety First!

A cold mold will produce more bubbles. So to combat bubbles you must bake the molds. I was baking them around 350 degrees. In hindsight 400 degrees would be even better, that's closer to the resin temperature.

Bubbles can also have a cool effect. Check out the bottle below poured in a cold mold. It looks like it's sweating (condensation) like it was just pulled from a ice box!

The mold release spray does double duty. It not only makes it easier to remove the molds. The mold release is basically aerosol vaseline and gives it a slightly greasy however shiny, just like glass effect.

Early on I was using a thermometer but I realized it wasn't soo nessary. The resin melts about 400 degrees but you can easily just watch it, melt it to a point where its runny like water. Then it's ready to pour.

When the resin is completely melted and liquified and runny like water that is the best time to add dye. You can easily stir the resin in the pot to mix the dye.

I used about 1/3 to 1/2 a cup of the resin to make a full bottle. With that I used 2 drops of the brown dye. Any excess resin and you can pour back in the pot and reuse.

Using gloves, take out the mold halves, rubber band them together. While still wearing your gloves, pour the resin in. As soon as you're done pouring it in, pick up the mold and rotate it. Tilt the mold forward until resin reaches the top of the bottle and rotate it 360 degrees to get a complete covering of the bottle mold. Also try to pour the excess hot resin after you've rotated the molds. Otherwise you'll have a much thicker base.

It will take some trial and error to get the bottles 100% covered. One trick I learned was to use a flashlight and peer inside and see if the resin coated the entire bottle mold surface. If not prepare to throw it back into the pot and remelt and reuse it.

Step 3: Cool it

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In the DVD the instructor advises to let the resin in the mold cool for 20 minutes.

I however found I could get away with 10-12 minutes.

One word of caution if you pull your mold halves apart to soon , the bottle will collapse into itself. And you'll have to break the bottle down and remelt and pour it all over again.

Once you do pull the bottle out, do not put it on cold tiles or metal pans. This resin is soo brittle that a thermally conductive surface like a cool metal or tile will cool the resin too quickly and can cause heat fractures. I woke up in the middle of the night once to a crack and pop sound. The next morning the bottle was cracked at the bottom and fell over. Put it on wood or a warm surface and let it slowly cool.

Step 4: Finishing touches

I screwed up one side of my mold and as a result had extra work to do after the bottles came out. I discovered I could carve and scrape off extra resin to get a round bottle look. And boy did it make a difference. So if you have excess resin be sure to scrape it off carefully. Too much pressure and the bottle will just crack on you.

My original idea was to make "Bustmeister - King of Bustin' Heads" labels and six pack but decided with regards to cost and time constraints to just glue on real labels. I did buy a pack of 20+ vintage Budweiser labels. They look kinda generic and give it a cool novelty feel.

I also used a set of new labels i removed from a new Budweiser bottle.

To remove labels from a bottle usually just letting them soak in water for a bit and carefully peeling them off will do the trick.

To glue them back on I used 3M Super 77 sprayable adhesive.
http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/3M-Super-77/Super77/

Well there you have it, start a new tradition for New Years, instead of shooting corks, break a bottle over someones head!

Just be sure to let them know before hand. They break super easily but a surprise hit hurts more. The resin crumples into microscopic pieces so I don't recommend using them on carpet and don't litter parks/nature with it.

After you are done with them, you can reuse them. However I'm not entirely certain about the Super 77adhesive, if it's ok to cook that.

I have extra resin, labels, and dye for sale and I will cut up a silicone mold I didn't use if you want a sample of it. I can also make bottles if you don't want to make your own.

Well this is my submission for the 2nd laser contest. And as before If I win I plan to make free laser cuttings available to all members in the Instructables Laser contest group.

Thanks

Chris
XOIIO3 years ago
Is there a way to make them look more like glass, take the sort of chalky appearence off them?
Can this be made so that it's clear or green? I'd love to switch it up with vodka and wine bottles/glasses. And can you fill them with liquid, or is it too unstable? A smash&splash would look great onstage...
yes if you want a clear one just don't add color but I'm not entirely sure about this and for green just add green food coloring
lilcotton5 years ago
I gotta try and make a small vile or flask for my drama play, and i was wondering if anyone would be able to help me as to how to make it- im not sure what to make the mould out of. As well as where the heck to get a candy thermometer!!
cowstick6 years ago
Sounds like a Metal Gear dilemma in here.
gateon cowstick5 years ago
?lol?what do you mean by that?or am i just missing something?
cowstick gateon5 years ago
The liquid and solid talk. Also was playing a lot of MGS4 that month.
rickymetz5 years ago
 So, will this make a hollow or semi hollow bottle, or a solidresin bottle?
It would make a hollow bottle, just like the normal beer bottles.
turner226 years ago
my friend got a bottle once and filled it up till water was bout an inch from the top and he slammed his palm down on to the mouth of the bottle annd the air pressure inside the bottle made it shatter in his hand. pretty rad.
sweet
Sashi5 years ago
Nice project! The accidental bubbling gives it that nice cold look from a distance.
I think you mean, Shaped like south america.
Madrias3576 years ago
I made a couple of these and had fun with them. Nothing better than walking up to a friend who you owe a good whack to and nail them with the bottle. Another thing that's good to do: throw one across a room and hit a friend in the back. Shatters and sends your friend forward out of seats and such due to surprise.
moesboy6 years ago
if you wipe them down with hot water they will look better (on the sugar ones I don't know about the resin ones
Kaiven6 years ago
Anyway I can do this with something not resin? Like some hard drying glue? It doesn't need to shatter, but that would be cool to have.... Even a rubber bottle to hit people with :D
Great idea, Nice Project, Well documented, What more to say. Seriously enjoyed this one, good idea for the future, if im bored and want a little side project in the garage, what other things would work well in break away glass?
chuckr446 years ago
Wow! You could make these yourself and sell them cheaper than other places. How much would you have to charge per bottle to make a profit?
camb007 years ago
My dad make fibre glas so i maght be able to get some industrail resin
thats sick and ill try it if you notice towards the top of the green bottle it looks like a skull there
ERNesbitt7 years ago
I did something similar with a wine bottle for a play. I cast the wine bottle upside down and filled with water so that the mold could be one piece. I made sugar glass and poured it in the mold. It was a bit sticky due to high humidity that week, but we could eat the wreckage. I even let my wife hit me over the head with a bottle. Smooth-On makes great mold making silicones. I bought the food grade silicone because it was rated up to 450 degrees.
SnakeEyes7 years ago
Or, you could just swirl a dime or a sharp rock around inside an empty bottle for a few minutes. The sharp edges will score the glass enough that it breaks easily and (generally) harmlessly. For serious, we break them over our heads all the time. Just don't get it in your eyes!
Yeah the guy that hit me with a bottle forgot to do that lol... Pint glasses are fairly inconsequential to the head anything by arcoro doesn't seem to hurt but I've never done this on purpose. Possible other things to make from magic glass: - Lightbulbs -Windows (then have your enemies replace with them and watch them braek in wind... - Crazy glasses - Screen doors (saves lives and if if you run through it you're only saving time) - Safety baubles (the glass ones are kinda dangerous, especially in bauble fights) - Glass boxes to beat mimes with in a non lethal manner - Art - Giant plates of glass to walk about with (it's probably cheaper this way) - Trick coasters and such, even a trick glass coffee table, then make someone buy another for you and have 2
Also, break it right after you score it- after a while it won't work right.
A valid point. Why is that, anyways?
sleepydog7 years ago
Amazing Instructable! Thanks for doing all the research and hard work for something just fun!
dude whats with the bubbles in the bottle? is there any way you can get the bubles not to form
FreakCitySF (author)  23mcharlotte7 years ago
The hotter the mold the less bubbles. 400+ degrees is deal. Also there are alternatives to this type of resin. Some types you mix together and use once but it has little or no bubbles. Smooth on sells it, Smash plastic sells the stuff to.
Shifrin7 years ago
I Smell Clever Pranks...
That's awesome! Now, go smash some people!
FreakCitySF (author)  T3h_Muffinator7 years ago
I know I should probably put some action shots up right? They were a xmas present to my brother, but he's home for the holidays and working full time. I wanna eventually get video of em. I think I'll put up a picture of a broken bottle though, to show its glass qualities. And video in a few weeks.
Yeah man, definitely!
dbarak7 years ago
One of the best planned, most complete instructables I've seen. Bravo! Now you need to burn yourself again to get Madagascar off the coast of Africa. I suggest using a soldering iron.
FreakCitySF (author)  dbarak7 years ago
haha! I think someone needs to do a scarification Instructable ;)
Lftndbt7 years ago
That's sweet!! Nice Instructable! :)
Wow, awesome job, nasty blister in the shape of Africa you got there.
Cool! Love it! Great fun! Love to go up to some on and nail them in the head with it. :) BTW It really does look like africa.